Seventy-seven years ago on a fateful Sunday morning, imperial Japanese forces led a surprise attack on the US naval base of Pearl Harbour in Hawaii. Thousands of Americans died in the air strikes on December 7 in less than 90 minutes. The following day, the US Congress declared war on Japan taking the ‘War of the Nations’ to the eastern hemisphere. We take a look at the infamous bombing that sealed the fate of Japan and stopped its military expansion.
American intelligence officials never expected the Japanese to attack Hawaii and believed the action would mainly take place in Dutch East Indies, Singapore or Indochina.
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In 1274 and 1281, the Mongols tried to invade Japan, but were unsuccessful.
FIRST WIN OF ASIANS AGAINST EUROPEANS
In 1904-05, the Japanese defeated the Czars during the Russo-Japanese War and changed the power dynamics in the east.
AMBITIONS GONE AWRY
Japanese Emperor Hirohito played a key role in the country’s move towards ultranationalism and militarism. Japan wanted the US to lift the economic sanctions, but rather they got involved in a war that ultimately led to the country’s humiliating defeat and its first occupation by a foreign power. Pearl Harbor is located near the centre of the Pacific Ocean, roughly
from the US mainland and about
from Japan. Although the Pearl Harbour attack was a surprise. US-Japan relations was tense for almost two decades.
During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese massacred 2,00,000 civilians and prisoners of war.
The US responded with economic sanctions and trade embargoes with the objective to stop Japanese expansionism.
USS Arizona (BB-39) burning after the Japanese attack