Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump was de­ci­sive in changing US po­si­tion on In­dia.

The Sunday Guardian - - Front Page - MAD­HAV NALAPAT NEW DELHI

Those in­volved with the suc­cess­ful cam­paign to en­sure vic­tory for In­dia’s Dalveer Bhan­dari in the elec­tions to the In­ter­na­tional Court of Jus­tice (ICJ), say that more than the UK, which has no seat on the In­ter­na­tional Crim­i­nal Court at Geneva for the first time in the his­tory of that in­sti­tu­tion, it is Pak­istan that has been dev­as­tated by In­dia’s can­di­date pre­vail­ing over the UK’s Christo­pher Green- wood, who like Bhan­dari has al­ready served a nine-year term on the court. Since June this year, when Prime Min­is­ter Naren­dra Modi fi­nally in­ter­vened to make his team swing into ac­tion to se­cure a sec­ond term for the courtly judge, Rawalpindi GHQ con­cur­rently made the Gov­ern­ment of Pak­istan go into diplo­matic over­drive to en­sure that Bhan­dari lost. Is­lam­abad’s hopes were raised after the can­di­date from Le­banon over­took the In­dian can­di­date in the race for the lone “Asia” seat, thereby forc­ing a con­test against the UK, a per­ma­nent mem­ber of the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil in­stead. Given that none of the “Per­ma­nent 5” (US, China, Rus­sia, France and the UK) had ever lost an elec­tion to an­other coun­try be­fore, it was con­veyed by diplo­mats to Prime Min­is­ter Naren­dra Modi that the chances for a Bhan­dari vic­tory were “not sub­stan­tial”. Modi, how­ever, de­cided to go ahead with the con­test, de­spite the risk of los­ing, ar­gu­ing that it was im­por­tant that In­dia op­pose the tra­di­tion of a privi- leged P-5 mem­ber al­ways pre­vail­ing over an or­di­nary mem­ber of the UN, such as In­dia. Re­form of the ar­chaic UN sys­tem has been made a for­eign pol­icy pri­or­ity of the PM, and part of the pro­posed al­ter­na­tive con­struct (to the 1944 Bret­ton Woods ar­chi­tec­ture that has been left un­changed since then) is to en­sure ad­e­quate weigh­tage to the Gen­eral As­sem­bly, rather than have this huge body con­stantly de­fer to the Se­cu­rity Coun­cil (specif­i­cally the P-5) in mat­ters com­ing up for de­ci­sion within the UN sys­tem. Hence, rather than waste much ef­fort on the Se­cu­rity Coun­cil (which could be ex­pected to fol­low the tra­di­tion of sup­port­ing one of their own against other coun­tries), In­dia’s UN en­voy, Syed Ak­barud­din was told to con­cen­trate his ef­forts within the Gen­eral As­sem­bly, which he be­gan do­ing from 20 June on­wards, once briefed on the im­por­tance that Modi was plac­ing on this elec­tion.

Those spo­ken to say that the mat­ter in­volv­ing Kulb­hushan Jad­hav’s cap­ture

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