Only 25% of India’s 1.4L tonne daily trash is treated
Barely 35,600 metric tonne (MT) or a quarter of the 1.43 lakh MT of garbage generated daily in Indian cities gets processed. The remaining three-quarters, about 1.1 lakh MT, are dumped in the open. Only eight of 35 states process more than half the daily garbage generated in their cities, and not one has achieved 100% processing.
Civic bodies in Maharashtra generate the maximum garbage—22,570 MT daily— followed by Tamil Nadu (15,437 MT), UP (15,288 MT), Delhi (10,500 MT), Gujarat (10,145 MT) and Karnataka (10,000 MT).
Municipal bodies are dumping waste on to landfill sites, which are overflowing past their capacity and polluting surrounding land, groundwater and air.
According to the Delhi-based Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), cities are now running out of land to dump their waste, and have begun throwing it in the ‘backyards’ of smaller towns, suburbs and villages, leading to conflicts. Looking for or creating more landfills as a solution to the waste problem, thus, is no longer an option, states a CSE document on solid waste management.