Play­ground paints pose risk for chil­dren: Study

The Times of India (New Delhi edition) - - TRENDS TIMES -

on equip­ment in 50 play­grounds in the UK con­tains up to 40 times the rec­om­mended lev­els of lead, which may pose a sig­nif­i­cant po­ten­tial risk to young chil­dren a new study has claimed. Sci­en­tists from Ply­mouth Univer­sity an­a­lysed the metal­lic con­tent of paints on play­groung equip­ment, in­clud­ing some less than a decade old. “The ef­fects of lead on hu­man health, in­clud­ing those that im­pact on the neu­ro­log­i­cal de­vel­op­ment of chil­dren, are well-doc­u­mented with re­gard to paint ex­po­sure in ur­ban and do­mes­tic set­tings,” said An­drew Turner from Ply­mouth Univer­sity.

New way to pre­dict preterm births:

Sci­en­tists have de­vel­oped a new method to es­ti­mate a new­born’s ges­ta­tional age just us­ing a drop of blood, an ad­vance that may help im­prove med­i­cal care for ba­bies in de­vel­op­ing coun­tries. Know­ing if an in­fant was born on time or pre­ma­turely can make all the dif­fer­ence in de­cid­ing what med­i­cal care the baby needs, re­searchers said. Ac­cord­ing to the WHO, in low-in­come set­tings, half of ba­bies born at or ear­lier than 32 weeks die be­cause of a lack of cost-ef­fec­tive care, such as warmth, breast­feed­ing sup­port, and ba­sic care for in­fec­tions and breath­ing dif­fi­cul­ties. The study was pub­lished in the Amer­i­can Jour­nal of Ob­stet­rics and Gyne­col­ogy

De­vice to re­duce chronic back pain:

Sci­en­tists have de­vel­oped a sim­ple, low-cost spinal fu­sion de­vice to re­duce chronic back pain that may help avoid the need for more in­va­sive surgery and painful bone grafts. Re­searchers an­tic­i­pate the in­no­va­tive med­i­cal de­vice ‘ThruFuze’ will trans­form spinal fu­sion surgery, which is used when con­ser­va­tive ther­a­pies such as phys­i­cal ther­apy, med­i­ca­tion and in­jec­tions have failed. The hu­man tri­als are ex­pected to be­gin in Aus­tralia later this year.

Key pro­tein may cause can­cer:

APOBEC, a pro­tein that usu­ally fights vi­ral in­fec­tions, may also cause can­cer by tak­ing ad­van­tage of a weak­ness in DNA repli­ca­tion process to in­duce mu­ta­tions in our genome, a new study has found. Can­cer is caused by the growth of an ab­nor­mal cell which har­bours DNA mu­ta­tions, ‘copy er­rors’ oc­cur­ring dur­ing the DNA repli­ca­tion process.

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