In ’17, 10% rise in In­di­ans get­ting US cit­i­zen­ship

The Times of India (New Delhi edition) - - Times Na­tion -

UN fig­ures peg­ging in­ter­na­tional mi­grants world­wide at 272 mil­lion re­flects a rise of 23% over 2010 data, where the mi­grant pop­u­la­tion was 221mil­lion. UN’s data set is based largely on col­lated cen­sus fig­ures. UN de­fines in­ter­na­tional mi­grants as any­one who changes their coun­try of usual res­i­dence, ir­re­spec­tive of their mo­tive — be it for work or as a refugee.

“Al­though mi­gra­tion is global, most jour­neys are tak­ing place within a limited set of coun­tries, with the US, Ger­many, and Saudi Ara­bia mak­ing up the top three,” said a UN press re­lease. The US hosted the largest num­ber of in­ter­na­tional mi­grants (close to 51 mil­lion), fol­lowed by Ger­many and Saudi Ara­bia, with nearly 13 mil­lion mi­grants each.

The press re­lease quoted John Wil­moth, di­rec­tor, UN’s depart­ment of eco­nomic and so­cial af­fairs (DESA) say­ing: “The link between mi­gra­tion and de­vel­op­ment is very well es­tab­lished.” “As a gen­eral ob­ser­va­tion, the con­tri­bu­tion of mi­grants both in host coun­tries and coun­tries of ori­gin, in­cludes send­ing valu­able re­mit­tances back to coun­tries of ori­gin, and a big so­cial con­tri­bu­tion through trans­mis­sion of ideas,” he said.

An­other re­port, re­leased on Wed­nes­day in Paris, by the Or­gan­i­sa­tion for Co­op­er­a­tion and Eco­nomic De­vel­op­ment (OECD), shows that mi­gra­tion flows to OECD coun­tries rose slightly by 2% in 2018, with around 5.3 mil­lion new ‘per­ma­nent’ mi­grants — this does not in­clude tem­po­rary labour mi­gra­tion or in­ter­na­tional stu­dents.

Coun­try-wise data for 2017 shows that ‘to­tal’ in­flow of new mi­grants to OECD coun­tries in 2017 was 6.8 mil­lion, a minis­cule de­cline of 1% over the pre­vi­ous year’s fig­ure. The top three coun­tries of ori­gin of new im­mi­grants were China, Ro­ma­nia and In­dia. With 3.04 lakh new im­mi­grants from In­dia, the coun­try oc­cu­pied third place and ac­counted for 4.5% of to­tal in­flows (as op­posed to 3.8% in the pre­vi­ous year). In 2016, ow­ing to a heavy in­flux of mi­grants from Syria, In­dia had oc­cu­pied fourth po­si­tion. China con­tin­ued to re­tain its lead­er­ship po­si­tion, ac­count­ing for 8.1% of to­tal OECD in­flows in 2017.

As re­gards the In­dian di­as­pora, more than 50,000 ac­quired US cit­i­zen­ship (a 10% rise over the pre­vi­ous year). Also, 10,000 In­di­ans ac­quired Cana­dian cit­i­zen­ship and 17,000 ob­tained Bri­tish cit­i­zen­ship. Th­ese sta­tis­tics showed a de­cline of 40% and 33% re­spec­tively.

For full re­port on www.toi.in

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