Fewer kids join­ing el­e­men­tary school Ra­tio De­clin­ing In Most States, UTs: Niti In­dex

READY FOR ALL CHAL­LENGES, RAFALE WILL BE A GAME-CHANGER: NEW IAF CHIEF BHADAU­RIA

The Times of India (New Delhi edition) - - Times Nation - | TUES­DAY, OC­TO­BER 1, 2019 Manash.Go­hain @times­group.com

New Delhi: The net en­rol­ment ra­tio (NER) at the el­e­men­tary level in most states and Union ter­ri­to­ries is de­clin­ing, re­veal­ing a se­ri­ous chal­lenge for the Cen­tre and states ac­cord­ing to the Niti Aayog’s school educ­tion qual­ity in­dex.

Eight of 20 large states also show a dip in main­stream­ing of out-of-school chil­dren by over 10 per­cent­age points from the 2015-16 base year. Main­stream­ing here im­plies bring­ing these chil­dren back into the school sys­tem.

In the first state­wise rank­ing on ed­u­ca­tion, ma­jor­ity of the states also showed a slide in learn­ing out­comes in lan­guages and math­e­mat­ics as the lev­els go up from class III to class VIII. This is in keep­ing with other na­tional level ed­u­ca­tion out­come sur­veys over the past 10 years or so.

As re­ported by TOI on Sun­day, Ker­ala, Ra­jasthan and Kar­nataka are the top three re­spec­tively in the larges­tates cat­e­gory, while Pun­jab, J&K and UP are at the bot­tom at 18, 19 and 20, re­spec­tively.

States seem to have failed in main­stream­ing a large num­ber of iden­ti­fied out-of­school chil­dren, with Ker­ala

BOT­TOM 3

Pun­jab

Jammu & Kash­mir

Ut­tar Pradesh Top 3 of 20 large states in learn­ing out­comes for class 3

➤ Net en­rol­ment ra­tio (NER) at el­e­men­tary level for 14 large states has de­clined

➤ At sec­ondary level, 11 states have reg­is­tered a de­cline in NER

➤ None of the 8 smaller states have in­creased their NER at el­e­men­tary & sec­ondary level

6 of the 7 UTs have show­ing a 24.3 per­cent­age point drop, and Pun­jab (18.8), Chhattisga­rh (15.5), and Bi­har (14.4) record­ing a big drop.

The in­dex also has an “in­cre­men­tal rank­ing” and states to have sig­nif­i­cantly im­proved are Haryana, As­sam and UP, though they have a lot of catch­ing up to do in terms of over­all rank­ing. Among smaller states the best ones are Ma­nipur, Tripura and Goa, while the same is true for Da­man & Diu, Dadra Na­gar Haveli and

shown neg­a­tive net en­rol­ment at el­e­men­tary level

➤ 8 of the 20 large states have shown a de­cline in the main­stream­ing of iden­ti­fied out-of-school chil­dren by over 10 per­cent­age points Puducherry among UTs.

Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant said: “This in­dex brings an out­come fo­cus to ed­u­ca­tion pol­icy. We’ve de­vel­oped a plat­form to fos­ter the spirit of com­pet­i­tive and co­op­er­a­tive fed­er­al­ism to fa­cil­i­tate shar­ing of knowl­edge and best prac­tices across states and UTs.”

The states’ ed­u­ca­tion sys­tem were as­sessed based on out­comes—learn­ing, ac­cess, in­fra­struc­ture and eq­uity.

Full re­port on www.toi.in

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