Nearly 12% of In­di­ans above 50 have di­a­betes, finds new sur­vey

The Times of India (New Delhi edition) - - Times Nation - [email protected] times­

New Delhi: Preva­lence of di­a­betes in In­dia has been recorded at 11.8% in the last four years with al­most same per­cent­age of men and women suf­fer­ing from the dis­ease which is of­ten called a silent killer, shows the lat­est Na­tional Di­a­betes and Di­a­betic Retinopa­thy Sur­vey re­port for 2015-19.

The find­ings also show preva­lence of known di­a­betes cases was 8% and new di­a­betes cases at 3.8%.

The preva­lence of di­a­betes among males was 12%, whereas among fe­males it was 11.7%. High­est preva­lence of di­a­betes (13.2%) was ob­served in the 70-79 years’ age group.

The sur­vey — con­ducted dur­ing 2015-2019 by Ra­jen­dra Prasad Cen­tre for Oph­thalmic Sci­ences, All In­dia In­sti­tute of Med­i­cal Sci­ences (New Delhi) and re­leased by the health min­istry on Thurs­day— had a sam­ple size of 63,000 enu­mer­ated pop­u­la­tion aged 50 years and above in 21 dis­tricts. Of this, 56,771 or 90.1% were as­sessed for di­a­betes.

The sur­vey also as­sessed di­a­betic retinopa­thy among the re­spon­dents. The preva­lence of any form of di­a­betic retinopa­thy (DR) in di­a­betic pop­u­la­tion aged up to 50 years was found to be 16.9%.

The find­ings show mild retinopa­thy was most com­mon with preva­lence of 11.8%, whereas 7% par­tic­i­pants had some form of di­a­betic mac­u­lopa­thy. The preva­lence of sight threat­en­ing di­a­betic retinopa­thy was 3.6%.

Ac­cord­ing to the World Health Or­gan­i­sa­tion (WHO), there are es­ti­mated 72.96 mil­lion cases of di­a­betes in adult pop­u­la­tion of In­dia. The preva­lence in ur­ban ar­eas ranges be­tween 10.9%-14.2% and preva­lence in ru­ral In­dia is at 3.0-7.8% among pop­u­la­tion aged 20 years and above with a much higher preva­lence among in­di­vid­u­als aged over 50 years. Glob­ally, preva­lence of di­a­betes among adults over 18 years of age was es­ti­mated at 8.5% in 2014.

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