Nearly 12% of Indians above 50 have diabetes, finds new survey
New Delhi: Prevalence of diabetes in India has been recorded at 11.8% in the last four years with almost same percentage of men and women suffering from the disease which is often called a silent killer, shows the latest National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey report for 2015-19.
The findings also show prevalence of known diabetes cases was 8% and new diabetes cases at 3.8%.
The prevalence of diabetes among males was 12%, whereas among females it was 11.7%. Highest prevalence of diabetes (13.2%) was observed in the 70-79 years’ age group.
The survey — conducted during 2015-2019 by Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (New Delhi) and released by the health ministry on Thursday— had a sample size of 63,000 enumerated population aged 50 years and above in 21 districts. Of this, 56,771 or 90.1% were assessed for diabetes.
The survey also assessed diabetic retinopathy among the respondents. The prevalence of any form of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in diabetic population aged up to 50 years was found to be 16.9%.
The findings show mild retinopathy was most common with prevalence of 11.8%, whereas 7% participants had some form of diabetic maculopathy. The prevalence of sight threatening diabetic retinopathy was 3.6%.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), there are estimated 72.96 million cases of diabetes in adult population of India. The prevalence in urban areas ranges between 10.9%-14.2% and prevalence in rural India is at 3.0-7.8% among population aged 20 years and above with a much higher prevalence among individuals aged over 50 years. Globally, prevalence of diabetes among adults over 18 years of age was estimated at 8.5% in 2014.
Full report on www.toi.in