Irkut’s air­craft and ad­vanced pi­lot train­ing

Vayu Aerospace and Defence - - Aviation & Defence Inindia -

Irkut Cor­po­ra­tion have ex­panded the de­liv­er­ies of one of its bestsellers, the Yak- 130 su­per­sonic com­bat trainer air­craft, across the world. In De­cem­ber 2017, the first six air­craft of this type were in­ducted into the Myan­mar Air Force. With this, the num­ber of coun­tries op­er­at­ing the Yak-130 now is five, which in­cludes Rus­sia, Myan­mar, Al­ge­ria, Be­larus and Bangladesh.

Ac­cord­ing to the Rus­sian MoD, the Rus­sian Air Force cur­rently op­er­ates more than 80 Yak-130s which are slowly re­plac­ing their out­dated L-39 jets. Irkut has con­tin­ued to de­liver a long- term con­tract of Yak130s to the avi­a­tion train­ing cen­tres of the Rus­sian Air Force. “In terms of its flight and per­for­mance char­ac­ter­is­tics at sub­sonic speeds, Yak-130 is closer to the lat­est ul­tra­ma­noeu­ver­able fight­ers of the Rus­sian Air Force such as the Su-30SM and Su-35.”

The Yak-130 is equipped with a wide range of weapons weigh­ing up to 3000 kg, that in­cludes R-73E short-range mis­siles, pre­ci­sion air bombs with the KAB-500Kr guid­ance sys­tem and a wide va­ri­ety of un­guided air­craft weapons, en­abling the air­craft to take on var­i­ous tar­gets at the same time.

Irkut is also work­ing on in­creas­ing the com­bat per­for­mance of the air­craft. At the MAKS-2017 air­show, the Yak-130 was demon­strated with a mod­ernised struc­ture that en­ables the in­stal­la­tion of a laser range finder. It is equipped with ‘Tal­is­man-NT’ which is de­signed to sig­nif­i­cantly im­prove sur­vival rate of the Yak-130 while car­ry­ing out strike mis­sions. It should be noted that a num­ber of Yak-130s op­er­a­tors also use this air­craft for com­bat mis­sions. For ex­am­ple, An­drei Ravkov, the Belorus­sian Min­is­ter of De­fence, stated that the Be­larus­sian Air Force uses the trainer as a “light at­tack air­craft.”

While de­vel­op­ing this air­craft, the de­sign­ers re­lied on the great ex­pe­ri­ence of ‘ Yakovlev DB’ ( part of the Irkut Cor­po­ra­tion) in de­vel­op­ment of light train­ing air­craft. Since 1935, more than 22,000 train­ing pis­ton air­craft (UT-2, Yak11, Yak-18, Yak-52) have been pro­duced in Rus­sia and abroad. The new ‘Yak’, like its pre­de­ces­sors, is fo­cused on ful­fill­ing the re­quire­ments of wide range of cus­tomers, both pub­lic and pri­vate.

The Yak-152, which is cur­rently in flight test­ing mode, has higher ca­pa­bil­i­ties than most of the ex­ist­ing com­peti­tors. With max­i­mum take­off weight of 1490 kg, the air­craft is fit­ted with a diesel engine of 500 hp which op­er­ates on avi­a­tion kerosene. The Yak-152 is de­signed for over 10,000 flight hours and is a rugged de­sign.

A unique fea­ture of the Yak-152 is the SKS-94M2-152 ul­tra-light cat­a­pult sys­tem, which is a newly in­stalled tech­nol­ogy for emer­gency es­cape. The es­cape sys­tem is trig­gered when the han­dle of the bailout is pulled, the pi­lot shoots the con­tainer with a parachute stacked in it, al­low­ing for the break­ing of the cock­pit glass and opens the parachute within 0.2 sec­onds.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from India

© PressReader. All rights reserved.