FAST TRACK­ING 5G

Lead­ers from the Tele­com sec­tor come to­gether to speak about the speed­ing up of 5G in In­dia

Voice&Data - - CONTENT - pradeep Chakrabort­y pradeepc@cy­ber­me­dia.co.in, with ad­di­tional con­tri­bu­tions from Dr Ar­chana verma archanav@cy­ber­me­dia.co.in and ra­jiv pathak ra­jivp@cy­ber­me­dia.co.in

Voice& Data held an event on Fast Track­ing 5G on 17th of Septem­ber 2019 in New Delhi. Lead­ers from the tele­com sec­tor were present at the event. Pradeep Gupta, CMD, Cy­ber­me­dia wel­comed the guests.

At the event on 5G evo­lu­tion in In­dia, Sukanta Dey, Strate­gic Ad­vi­sor & Group COO, In­fomo Global, gave the open­ing ad­dress. Key­note speak­ers were Aruna Sun­darara­jan, Former Sec­re­tary, DoT, Gov­ern­ment of In­dia; Ra­jan Mathews, Direc­tor Gen­eral, COAI and Ji­ten­dra Singh, Se­nior Direc­tor, Gov­ern­ment Af­fairs, In­dia & South Asia, Qual­comm In­dia. The pan­els were ti­tled “The Op­er­a­tor Ex­cite­ment,” 5G Ecosys­tem En­ablers and “Tech Con­flu­ence of Tele­com & Cloud and Case Stud­ies.”

Build­ing the 5G Ecosys­tem World­wide

Sukanta Dey, Strate­gic Ad­vi­sor and Group COO, In­formo Global and former Emerg­ing Business Pres­i­dent, Tata Te­le­ser­vices, de­liv­ered the in­tro­duc­tory key­note ti­tled Build­ing the 5G ecosys­tem world­wide. He said that the num­ber of mo­bile users and their de­mand for data is ris­ing ex­po­nen­tially. Hence, 5G is the an­swer, as it must han­dle far more traf­fic at much higher speeds than the base sta­tions that make up today’s cel­lu­lar net­works. With 5G, users should be able to down­load a HD film in un­der a se­cond (a task that could take 10 min­utes on 4G LTE).

5G net­works will drive the devel­op­ment of new tech­nolo­gies in the fourth in­dus­trial revo­lu­tion or In­dus­try 4.0, such as au­ton­o­mous ve­hi­cles, vir­tual re­al­ity and IoT, ro­bot­ics, etc.

To achieve all this, wire­less en­gi­neers are de­sign­ing a suite of brand-new tech­nolo­gies. These tech­nolo­gies will de­liver data less than a mil­lisec­ond of de­lay (com­pared to about 70ms on to­days 4G net­works) and bring peak down­load speeds of 20 gi­ga­bits per se­cond (com­pared to 1 Gb/s on 4G) to users At the mo­ment, it’s not yet clear which tech­nolo­gies will do the most for 5G in the long run. Five early favourites have emerged. These front-run­ners in­clude mil­lime­ter waves, small cells, mas­sive MIMO, full duplex, and beam form­ing.

The out­comes in­clude a real and seam­less wire­less world with no more lim­i­ta­tions with ac­cess and zones. There will be wear­able de­vices. IPv6 will be in use, where, a vis­it­ing care of mo­bile IP ad­dress is as­signed ac­cord­ing to lo­ca­tion and con­nected network. There will be one uni­fied global stan­dard and smart ra­dios will be in use. The user can si­mul­ta­ne­ously be con­nected with sev­eral wire­less ac­cess tech­nolo­gies. There will be mul­ti­ple con­cur­rent data trans­fer path.

Key fea­tures of 5G in­clude high res­o­lu­tion for heavy cell phone users, bi-directiona­l large band­width, less traf­fic, 25Mbps con­nec­tiv­ity speed, en­hanced and avail­able con­nec­tiv­ity for nearly the whole world, and up­load­ing and down­load­ing speeds of 5G touch­ing the peak (up to 1Gbps). 5G tech­nol­ogy should be avail­able in the mar­ket at af­ford­able rates with scal­able and ver­sa­tile ar­chi­tec­ture.

Security and pri­vacy will have a whole new di­men­sion. There will be a cre­ation of vir­tual as­sets: leg­is­la­tion, own­er­ship, tax­a­tion, etc. There will be ru­ral In­dia fo­cus as ne­ti­zens start with 5G. Mul­ti­lin­gual con­tent will be avail­able for con­sump­tion, any­time any­where. There will also be an im­pact on e-gov­er­nance, health, ed­u­ca­tion, con­sump­tion of goods and ser­vices, etc. .With 5G, users should be able to down­load a high-def­i­ni­tion film in un­der a se­cond.

5G evo­lu­tion and na­tional suc­cess

Pre­sent­ing a talk on 5G : Evo­lu­tion and Na­tional Suc­cess, Ji­ten­dra Singh, Se­nior Direc­tor, Gov­ern­ment Af­fairs Qual­comm (In­dia & South Asia) and In­dia Head, GSA, said the mis­sion is to con­nect In­dia. He said:

• Uni­ver­sal broad­band cov­er­age at 50 Mbps to ev­ery ci­ti­zen.

• 1 Gbps con­nec­tiv­ity to all Gram

Pan­chay­ats of In­dia by 2020.

• 10 Gbps con­nec­tiv­ity to all Gram

Pan­chay­ats of In­dia by 2022.

• En­able fixed line broad­band ac­cess to 50% of house­holds.

• ‘ Unique Mo­bile Sub­scriber Den­sity’ of 55 by 2020.

• ‘ Unique Mo­bile Sub­scriber Den­sity’ of 65 by 2022.

• Pub­lic Wi-Fi Hotspots to reach 5 mil­lion by 2020.

• Pub­lic Wi-Fi Hotspots to reach 10 mil­lion by 2022. There is also a need to make In­dia a 5G hub, in terms of hav­ing de­sign houses and lo­cal man­u­fac­tur­ing. He pro­vided some in­ter­est­ing fig­ures.

• In China, as of Aug 18, 788 Mn ac­cess­ing in­ter­net via mo­bile, ac­counts for 98% of Chi­nese ne­ti­zen pop­u­la­tion.

• China users spend, on av­er­age, 200 Bn hours on apps, 4.5 times longer than In­dia.

• Nearly four-fifths of the world’s mo­bile data traf­fic will be video by 2022.

• Global cloud data cen­ter traf­fic is ex­pected to reach 19.5 zettabytes (ZB) per year by 2021.

• Global cloud data cen­ter traf­fic will rep­re­sent 95% of to­tal data cen­ter traf­fic by 2021, ver­sus 88% in 2016.

• By 2021, video will ac­count for 85% of traf­fic from data cen­ters to end users, com­pared to 78% in 2016.

• By 2021, data stored on de­vices to reach 5.9 ZB, which is 4.5x higher than data stored in data cen­ters.

• By 2021, largely due to IoT, to­tal amount of data cre­ated will reach 847 ZB per year, up from 218 ZB per year in 2016. On AI, he said,

• By 2022, AI aug­men­ta­tion will cre­ate $3.9 tril­lion of business value.

• By 2025, it is pre­dicted that AI edge de­vice at­tach rates will be 100%, up from 10% in 2018.

• Al­most all de­vice cat­e­gories will have an AI pro­ces­sor in them.

• China’s econ­omy ben­e­fits most from AI, its GDP be­com­ing 26.1% higher in 2030.

• North Amer­ica: GDP growth due to AI by 2030 - 14.5% ($3.7 tril­lion)

• North­ern Europe: GDP growth due to AI by 2030 - 9.9% ($1.8 tril­lion)

• De­vel­oped Asia: GDP growth due to AI by 2030 - 10.4% ($0.9 tril­lion)

• Latin Amer­ica: GDP growth due to

AI by 2030 - 5.4% ($0.5 tril­lion). The 5G value chain alone could gen­er­ate up to $3.5 tril­lion in rev­enue in 2035. The 5G value chain alone could sup­port up to 22 mil­lion jobs. The to­tal con­tri­bu­tion of 5G to real global GDP growth is ex­pected to be equiv­a­lent to a coun­try like In­dia.

He elab­o­rated on nine key con­sid­er­a­tions for 5G spec­trum. These are peak data rates, la­tency, mo­bil­ity, spec­trum ef­fi­ciency, en­ergy ef­fi­ciency, user den­sity, network ca­pac­ity, re­li­a­bil­ity, and user type.

Spec­trum for 5G is re­quired for low, mid and high bands. Specif­i­cally, low­band be­low around 2 GHz, with widearea cov­er­age and deep in­door ser­vices, in 600MHz and 700MHz. In the mid-band, above 2 GHz to around 6 GHz com­bi­na­tion of both cov­er­age and ca­pac­ity. These will be re­quired in the 2.3GHz and 2.5GHz, 3.4GHz and 4.8 GHz, and 2.4GHz and 5GHz. Fi­nally, for high-band, the need is above 6 GHz at ex­tremely high peak data rates, in 26GHz and 28GHz, and 40GHz and 60GHz, re­spec­tively.

Ra­jan Mathews, Direc­tor Gen­eral, Cel­lu­lar Op­er­a­tors As­so­ci­a­tion of In­dia (COAI), said that stan­dards are tak­ing promi­nence in terms of mak­ing the coun­try ready for 5G. We’ve done many things, which are right and nec­es­sary. Sovereignt­y today means the abil­ity to stop the cy­ber threats and it tran­scends bor­ders. We have to be ready on the tech­nol­ogy fore­front and that in­cludes 5G users want higher in­ter­net speed to drive emerg­ing tech­nol­ogy ven­tures

e.g., au­to­matic ve­hi­cles, ro­botic surgery etc. 5G is cost ef­fi­cient. We are ready to adopt it.

We have got to get the pric­ing of the spec­trum right from TRAI. 5G will not sup­ple­ment 4G and will not be a wallto-wall network. It has to be in­te­grated with 4G. Our 4G is al­ready pre­pared for 5G. Security is em­bed­ded in our 5G stan­dards. It is not go­ing to be a B2C, but a B2B is­sue.

Ms. Aruna Sun­darara­jan, former Tele­com Sec­re­tary, DoT, Gov­ern­ment of In­dia, said there are lot of peo­ple who feel that we’ve not even been given 4G fully, so why we need to spend so much of time and en­ergy on 5G. We need to un­der­stand that 5G is a sin­gle all-pur­pose tech­nol­ogy. More than 50% of the global trade last year was in the dig­i­tal arena and pri­mar­ily on mo­bile. It is also recog­nised glob­ally that this is the new com­mer­cial en­gine for the world. Even the US Congress is spend­ing time to un­der­stand 5G.

It has not only the eco­nomic, but also strate­gic con­se­quences. We all know that In­dia is fac­ing a slow­down and hence, we need new growth en­gines. In our eco­nomic anal­y­sis we’ve not fully un­der­stood the role of ICTs and tele­coms. For In­dia, at this junc­ture we know for a fact that the dig­i­tal sec­tor is go­ing to be on the fore­front.

We look at the eco­nom­i­cally vi­able in­fra­struc­ture. It is the dig­i­tal in­fra­struc­ture that is the most im­por­tant. We can’t wait for more than 1.5 years to get 5G. Our Par­lia­men­tar­i­ans and Cham­bers of Com­merce must dis­cuss the im­por­tance of 5G.

Pradeep Gupta, CMD, Cy­ber­me­dia, noted that 5G is not just a tele­com tech­nol­ogy. It’s a com­mon plat­form for busi­nesses. It is es­sen­tial to help the emerg­ing tech­nolo­gies grow.

The Op­er­a­tor Ex­cite­ment

NK Goyal, Chair­man, TEMA, said that just to place it in per­spec­tive, ear­lier we were talk­ing about when 5G will hap­pen. The fact today is that 5G has al­ready hap­pened. There are a large num­ber of

op­er­a­tors in some of the mar­kets who have gone com­mer­cial with 5G. So it’s not a myth any­more, it’s a re­al­ity. In US all op­er­a­tors have adopted 5G.

In Japan, Korea, Aus­tralia, some parts of Europe and in some coun­tries in the West Asia also 5G has been adopted. 5G makes the mo­bile con­nec­tiv­ity to a dif­fer­ent level. It con­nects ev­ery part of the so­ci­ety. So, it’s a so­ci­etal change which will have an over­all im­pact on the en­tire en­vi­ron­ment and on the econ­omy in the fu­ture. It’s a phased revo­lu­tion.

There are three broad cat­e­gories of 5G – ul­tra broad­band, mas­sive ma­chine to ma­chine and ul­tra low la­tency. All of these have dif­fer­ent types of use cases as­so­ci­ated with them. Ul­tra la­tency may be a good use case for a ma­ture mar­ket like the US, but may not be a use case for In­dia. Sim­i­larly, use cases around mak­ing smart cities smarter, mak­ing wa­ter leak­age less, mak­ing agri­cul­ture smarter, mak­ing vir­tual class­rooms, re­mote medicine, mak­ing au­to­mo­tives sen­sor avert ac­ci­dents are im­por­tant. We keep de­bat­ing whether it’s the right time for In­dia to have 5G.

How­ever, in today’s world of tech savvy con­sumers, it’s not go­ing to be easy to keep the con­sumers de­prived of any new tech­nol­ogy that comes in. So, it should hap­pen as soon as pos­si­ble.

Rahul Vatts, Ex­ec­u­tive VP & Head, Reg­u­la­tory & Cor­po­rate Af­fairs, Voda­foneIdea, noted that 5G is go­ing to be a dig­i­tal plat­form for so­ci­ety. There are is­sues which we have to go around and I think we’ll able to do it. We at Voda­fone are al­ready pre­pared for 5G 80-90% and only thing we need to test is var­i­ous use cases. Right now, we have not fully utilised 4G. 5G dis­rup­tion is a lit­tle bit far away from us. The­o­ret­i­cally yes, but in prac­ti­cal terms, it may take time.

An­other im­por­tant point is the pric­ing. Germany has sold the 5G spec­trum at 1 Mil­lion per MHz. In In­dia, TRAI has asked for Rs. 5 mil­lion per MHz. Germany has 40% more rev­enue than In­dia. This is not go­ing to work out for the op­er­a­tors. Ad­e­quate quan­tity is the se­cond thing that re­mains un­ad­dressed as far as the op­er­a­tors are con­cerned. The third as­pect is the way the spec­trum is go­ing to be sold. We have to open the spec­trum to more op­er­a­tors and avoid mo­nop­o­li­sa­tion of 5G by some com­pa­nies.

Arvind Bali, Direc­tor, TSSC, said that we are ahead of the most of the world in tele­com and we are catch­ing up with the de­vel­oped world. We are not only talk­ing about 5G tech­nol­ogy. We are talk­ing about an ecosys­tem where we will not only pro­vide 5G tech­nol­ogy to the na­tion, but we’ll pro­vide a lot of ser­vices to the world. Many peo­ple are ask­ing we are just go­ing to­wards 4G and why we have to spend so much en­ergy in mov­ing to­wards 5G. The world is chang­ing very fast. Ev­ery year there is a dra­matic change. We have to make our lives bet­ter in ev­ery as­pect. This can hap­pen only when we have high speed network and we have to be pre­pared to re­ceive tech­nolo­gies such as IoT, AI, ML, AR, VR etc. If we don’t have 5G at par with the world, the rest of the tech­nol­ogy won’t be at par with the world ei­ther.

Vipin Tyagi, Ex­ec­u­tive Direc­tor & Chair­man on Board, C-DOT, said that 5G will be pan­ning out car­ing, shar­ing, chang­ing and grow­ing. More and more ap­pli­ca­tions of 5G are be­ing pro­posed. How are you go­ing to care for the end users and cus­tomers? Se­cond is shar­ing. We have to share the in­fra­struc­ture and achieve the ef­fi­ciency of 5G. This was not there in the case of 5G.

Telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion is no longer just telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion. We are now part of other sec­tors as well. There are sec­tor- spe­cific chal­lenges. The core is­sue is that telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion now has to be­come en­abler. Grow­ing is very im­por­tant. If we don’t grow, the en­gage­ment process will not pro­ceed. Grow­ing is very im­por­tant.

The cus­tomer’s par­tic­i­pa­tion in the change process of the econ­omy has to un­dergo a change. What we have to see is what things will hap­pen with 5G, how our in­fra­struc­ture and knowhow will be more com­pet­i­tive, how more jobs will get cre­ated, how the par­a­digm shift will hap­pen in the phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal in­dus­try. Un­less we are able to de­fine all this, 5G econ­omy will not ex­ist.

Amit Mar­wah, CMO, Nokia In­dia, said that there are im­por­tant things that need to be con­sid­ered when adopt­ing 5G. First, the spec­trum needs to be har­monised across the world. We shouldn’t rein­vent some­thing of our own. In terms of con­sist­ing be­tween net­works and de­vices, we have a great op­por­tu­nity in front of us from the gov­ern­ment. We should use this op­por­tu­nity to thrash out all the is­sues and try to re­solve them from an In­dia-spe­cific per­spec­tive. 5G is go­ing to af­fect in­dus­tries, med­i­cal ser­vices, lo­gis­tics, agri­cul­ture, and so on. It is go­ing be­yond cer­tain con­nec­tiv­ity to a large ecosys­tem. 5G can pro­vide vir­tual learn­ing in a very easy way and solve ed­u­ca­tional prob­lems.

5G Ecosys­tem En­ablers

Mahesh Up­pal, Direc­tor, ComFirst, noted that not only is the role of the gov­ern­ment and reg­u­la­tors rel­e­vant, in this par­tic­u­lar case, it is es­sen­tial. The role of the gov­ern­ment and reg­u­la­tors is to give the mar­ket a frame­work. The con­cerns of spec­trum, de­vices, soft­ware, pric­ing etc.; vir­tu­ally each one of these is­sues is a mar­ket is­sue. Mar­ket en­trepreneur­s, large and small busi­nesses have a way of ad­dress­ing these is­sues. Peo­ple know where pit­falls lie and what op­por­tu­ni­ties there are.

The suc­cess of 5G will de­pend upon two-three ma­jor points. One key is­sue is how and when the spec­trum is made avail­able, when and how 5G is de­ployed and to what ex­tent. The cost of 5G de­ploy­ment is go­ing to cost about 5 tril­lion ru­pees, and this kind of money is sim­ply not avail­able. There needs to be an al­ter­na­tive ob­jec­tive and trans­par­ent. We must also recog­nise that given the state of our econ­omy at the mo­ment, this will be a prob­lem. Whether the gov­ern­ment is will­ing to ac­cept the lower price, whether the op­er­a­tors are able to mo­bilise the re­sources will de­ter­mine when and how 5G will be de­ployed, ir­re­spec­tive of the tech­nol­ogy, use cases etc. An­other is­sue is of li­cens­ing.

Ran­deep Raina, CTO, Nokia In­dia, added that while we evolve our in­fra­struc­ture to adapt to 5G, we need to re­vamp our skill­force to be able to han­dle 5G tech­nol­ogy. Get­ting the skilled labour is not that easy. We need to im­part the skills to do things in the right way. We an­tic­i­pated the need for 5G. We have to think how In­dia can be­come a man­u­fac­tur­ing hub with 5G how we can also ex­port equipment out­side In­dia.

While reg­u­la­tors, ad­min­is­tra­tors, op­er­a­tors and other stake­hold­ers are work­ing out how fast we can get 5G, we have al­ready made plans and are work­ing out the needs of the mar­ket much be­fore the network comes.

Amit Sinha Roy, VP, Strat­egy & Mar­ket­ing, Tata Com­mu­ni­ca­tions, noted that about spec­trum, we need to think what spec­trum is. It’s just a band of ra­dio fre­quency waves that we’d al­low some­one to use. I feel that we’re spend­ing un­due amount of ef­forts on spec­trum as­pect when there are so many other things to look at. 5G is ac­tu­ally an ex­ten­sion of wired broad­band network. If we don’t have the req­ui­site in­fra­struc­ture it would be dif­fi­cult to de­ploy 5G. Network func­tion vir­tu­al­i­sa­tion, soft­ware con­fig­u­ra­tion and sev­eral other tech­nolo­gies will have to be de­ployed by the op­er­a­tors.

We are al­ready see­ing the 5G de­vices com­ing in, but that’s only scratch­ing the tip of the ice­berg. 5G is not a B2C, it’s about B2B such as smart city, driver­less cars etc. Pri­mar­ily, be­cause of the den­sity and ca­pac­ity re­quired, in the ini­tial phase, 5G is go­ing to be B2B en­ter­prise game. An­other as­pect of 5G is the abil­ity to take it to the ru­ral ar­eas such as in smart agri­cul­ture. But, you may not have the re­quired den­sity in the ru­ral ar­eas that you can po­ten­tially pro­vide in ur­ban ar­eas. So, we have to en­sure that we are able to in­stall 5G wher­ever our use cases are.

Tech Con­flu­ence of Tele­com

Maj. Gen Ravi Chaud­hary, Former Head - Dig­i­tal Army Project, said that network con­ver­gence has hap­pened. Data is be­ing digi­tised. It has con­verged our work, data and video. An­other kind of revo­lu­tion is asyn­chro­nous. When data came in IP, this has led security is­sues. Ev­ery­thing is be­com­ing vir­tu­alised. We look at the end de­vice which has un­der­gone a trans­for­ma­tion from tele­phone to com­puter to smart­phone and these de­vices be­came more and more por­ta­ble. Fi­nally these con­ver­gences are merg­ing into 5G where con­tent and con­nec­tiv­ity come to­gether.

San­tosh Akkula, Global CIO, Cloud & In­fra­struc­ture, Bharti Air­tel, said that we need to think how to take data close to the con­sumer, how to make things smart for peo­ple. What is hap­pen­ing glob­ally will even­tu­ally come to In­dia. IoT is hap­pen­ing, but it will take time to be­come mass-used tech­nol­ogy. OTT is rendering large num­ber of ven­dors on the In­ter­net. Con­tent de­liv­ery is the sin­gle­most that peo­ple want. 5G is go­ing to en­able that to hap­pen. The se­cond wave will hap­pen in farm­ing. Once you have in­for­ma­tion, it is im­por­tant to quickly turn it into ac­tion­able data, and to quickly use the data. Mak­ing in­tel­li­gent de­ci­sions be­ing able to make life eas­ier for peo­ple is im­por­tant. In­dia is the cheap­est in data in the world. But cur­rent pric­ing is not sus­tain­able.

Sukanta Dey, Strate­gic Ad­vi­sor and group Coo, In­formo global and former emerg­ing Business pres­i­dent, tata te­le­ser­vices

Ji­ten­dra Singh, Se­nior Direc­tor, gov­ern­ment Af­fairs Qual­comm (In­dia & South Asia) and In­dia Head, gSA

Ra­jan Mathews, Direc­tor gen­eral, Cel­lu­lar op­er­a­tors As­so­ci­a­tion of In­dia (CoAI)

pradeep gupta, CMD, Cy­ber­me­dia

Ms. Aruna Sun­darara­jan, Former tele­com Sec­re­tary, Dot, gov­ern­ment of In­dia

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