Gain­ing Mo­men­tum

The mega govern­ment projects, along with a rapid mo­bile broad­band up­take, have pro­vided the much-needed fil­lip to the tele­com ca­ble de­ploy­ments

Voice&Data - - TELECOM CABLES -

Ca­bles are con­sid­ered as back­bones for any form of com­mu­ni­ca­tions. With the roll­out and up­take of faster band­width ser­vices such as 3G and 4G, the in­dus­try is wit­ness­ing a con­sid­er­able shift to­wards broad­band­based ap­pli­ca­tions like live TV on web, video stream­ing, web-based col­lab­o­ra­tion and HDTV.

This has driven the de­mand for tele­com ca­ble de­ploy­ments and has, in turn, led to a re­vival in the seg­ment, which had wit­nessed a lull for the past few years.

The tele­com ca­bles of­fer­ings have broadly been seg­mented into poly­eth­yl­ene in­su­lated jelly filled (PIJF) ca­ble, op­ti­cal fiber ca­ble, and Com­mu­nity Ac­cess TV (CATV) cat­e­gories. Out of th­ese, op­ti­cal fiber ca­bles (OFCs) have the max­i­mum mar­ket and rev­enue share.

The de­mand for cop­per ca­bles has dipped con­sid­er­ably in the In­dia mar­ket. The rea­son for the slow­down is a sub­dued up­take, es­pe­cially from the pri­vate play­ers. The in­vest­ment in OFCs on the other hand is largely driven by the fact that it of­fers bet­ter band­width and can sup­port data traf­fic.

The de­mand for OFC ca­bles on the other hand is on the rise, largely be­cause of in­stal­la­tions in tier two and three cities. The govern­ment’s ini­tia­tives for in­fras­truc­ture de­vel­op­ment in sec­tors such as power gen­er­a­tion and dis­tri­bu­tion, tele­com, rail­ways, in­dus­trial and con­struc­tion sec­tors have played a key role in driv­ing the de­mand.

Tech­nol­ogy Trends

In­dian net­works have been tra­di­tion­ally built for car­ry­ing voice — ma­jorly in an out­door com­mu­ni­ca­tion mode. How­ever, with data de­mand over mo­bile net­works gain­ing mo­men­tum and tel­cos un­veil­ing plans for 4G ex­pan­sions, the In­dian op- er­a­tors need to grow their tower fiber­iza­tion from cur­rent 20 per­cent to over 50 per­cent. This will help them meet the consumer need for ef­fec­tive in­door data cov­er­age and cre­ate an in­fras­truc­ture that is fu­ture proof.

In met­ros, de­ploy­ment of 100G will gain im­pe­tus as it pro­vides mas­sive cost re­duc­tion. Op­er­a­tors will con­tinue to look for cost-ef­fec­tive tech­nol­ogy so­lu­tions that can meet their long-term de­mand.

There are three types of ca­bles which are pri­mar­ily in use to­day: Op­ti­cal fiber ca­bles, cop­per pair ca­bles and coax­ial ca­bles. To­gether they formed sev­eral per­mu­ta­tion and com­bi­na­tions for users. Ca­bles with large di­am­e­ter and mul­ti­ple shields are less likely to leak — a trait that makes coax­ial ca­ble a pre­ferred choice for car­ry­ing weak sig­nals for bet­ter per­for­mance.

There also are vi­tal gaps in the back­haul net­works. A lot of tower back­haul

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