Woman's Era - - Contents - By Shakun­tala Sinha

Shakun­tala Sinha

Though some man­goes are T best the avail­able round the year. A best va­ri­eties are avail­able in In­dia dur­ing sum­mer and mid-rainy sea­son. Also be­ing our na­tional fruit, Mango is said to be the king of fruits and is grown in sev­eral states of In­dia.

Va­ri­eties of man­goes

There are sev­eral va­ri­eties of man­goes in In­dia, over a dozen of which are pop­u­lar in dif­fer­ent states of In­dia: Alphonso: Rat­na­giri, Ma­ha­rash­tra- said to be a su­pe­rior and costly va­ri­ety of mango Langda: U. P. (Ba­narsi Langda) and north In­dia Malda - Bi­har: Dood­hiya Malda of Digha Ghat Patna, Bha­galpur. Best sea­son is May to mid-july. It is fa­mous for its taste and sweet fra­grance which makes it dif­fer­ent from other man­goes Badami: Also known as Kar­nataka Alphonso Chausa: North In­dia Dash­eri: U.P. and north In­dia Kesar: Saurash­tra, Gu­jarat Mul­goba: Tamil Nadu Nee­lam: South In­dia Raspuri: Kar­nataka Him­sagar: West Ben­gal and Odisha To­ta­puri: South In­dia Ban­gala­palli: Mainly Andhra Pradesh and Te­len­gana. It is a pop­u­lar va­ri­ety and avail­able in most states at mod­er­ate price. Gu­lab Khas: U. P Biju - Bi­har, U. P.: This last va­ri­ety is small and has a mixed taste of sour and sweet. Un­like other va­ri­eties, you need not peel it, just squeeze the juicy fruit and trash the rest. You can con­sume a dozen or more also in one go. It’s very cheap com­pared to other va­ri­eties.

Easy to use: You can just peel the ripe mango, slice it to your size or cubes and eat. You can make its juice or milk shake. It can be used as a dessert also or can be used to make de­li­cious sweet or sour chut­neys. You can also make spicy or sweet pickles. You may make a Bi­hari tasty recipe called Gurma by cook­ing peeled and sliced un­ripe man­goes and its seeds in wa­ter with jag­gery ( gud) and spices. Pulp of juicy man­goes are dried in lay­ers to make Amawat or Aam ka Pa­pad.

Healthy and nu­tri­tious man­goes

In di­a­betes: Man­goes are full of nu­tri­ents too. Though it is sweet, it is fi­brous and con­tains more than 80 per cent wa­ter. So it makes you feel fuller soon. Be­sides stud­ies have shown that in type 1 di­a­betes high fi­bre in­take low­ers blood glu­cose level while in type 2 di­a­betes it may im­prove sugar lipid and in­sulin level.

Vi­ta­min C and col­la­gen: Man­goes have more than 20 vi­ta­mins and min­er­als and are loaded with tons of health ben­e­fits. Just a cup of it gives you 100 per cent of daily need of Vi­ta­min C. It also keeps teeth and gums healthy, strength­ens the im­mune sys­tem, helps in mak­ing of Col­la­gen.

Anti-can­cer: Man­goes also have anti-in­flam­ma­tory prop­er­ties due to high vi­ta­min C and beta carotene, and its gal­lic acid is anti-car­cino­genic also. It im­pacts sev­eral types of can­cer es­pe­cially colon and breast can­cers.

Healthy bones: Vi­ta­min K in mango helps in cal­cium ab­sorp­tion and helps in mak­ing bones stranger.

Skin and hair: Man­goes are good for hair and skin too. Vi­ta­min A of mango helps in mak­ing of se­bum , a nutrient needed for healthy tis­sues of skin as well as hair.

Di­ges­tion: Fi­bres of man­goes help in treat­ing con­sti­pa­tion and im­proves di­ges­tion.

Car­diac prob­lem: Its fi­bre, potas­sium and vi­ta­mins help in im­prove heart prob­lems. Low sodium and high potas­sium in­take can re­duce hy­per­ten­sion.

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