Ge­og­ra­phy & Weather

Flores Plus - - CONTENT -

Part of In­done­sia’s East­ern Is­lands (NTT, Nusa Teng­gara Timur), Flo­res boasts a moun­tain­ous and rugged land­scape that makes up 6,627 square me­tres of In­done­sia. The big­gest is­land in NTT and also one of the Lesser Sunda Is­lands, Flo­res is ge­o­graph­i­cally lo­cated be­tween Sum­bawa and Ti­mor to its East and West and Sumba and Su­lawesi to its North and South. It boasts a trop­i­cal cli­mate with two sea­sons (wet and dry) per year with an av­er­age tem­per­a­ture rang­ing from 27-29°C. Mon­soon sea­son hits be­tween De­cem­ber and March be­fore dry sea­son comes in May un­til Oc­to­ber, how­ever, fre­quen­cies of rain­fall dif­fer ac­cord­ing to re­gions. Be­tween th­ese ex­tremes, there usu­ally is a tran­si­tional pe­riod lasting from April to May and then again from Oc­to­ber to Novem­ber.

Its high­est peak at 7,872 ft, Flo­res is lo­cated in the vol­canic zone that ex­tends from Su­ma­tra across Java and Bali to the Banda Sea. Its tur­bu­lent ge­o­log­i­cal his­tory is re­flected in the heav­ily frag­mented moun­tain­ous re­gion. Flo­res is prone not only to vol­canic erup­tions, but also to and tsunamis earth­quakes: In 1992, a strong earthquake fol­lowed by a mas­sive ti­dal wave claimed the lives of 3000 peo­ple and de­stroyed the town of Maumere and its sur­round­ings.


Flo­res’ trop­i­cal waters are not only mind-numb­ingly beau­ti­ful; along the coast­line they are also free off strong cur­rents. The beaches of Flo­res are spread out all over the is­land in many spec­tac­u­lar forms – rest as­sured you’ll find the stan­dard white sandy beach but be pre­pared to be awestruck by its mul­ti­coloured ver­sions in­clud­ing pink, black, and blue-peb­bled beaches with ma­jes­tic back­drops of jun­gles and moun­tains.


Lush forests cover al­most all of Flo­res, with sev­eral op­tions avail­able for ex­plor­ing by foot. The most pop­u­lar would be the forests sur­round­ing the Ke­limutu Na­tional Park in the district of Ende and the iso­lated forests of Wae Rebo in Mang­garai district, one of the most bi­o­log­i­cally rich­est ar­eas in In­done­sia and a short hike away from the vil­lage of Wae Rebo. The moun­tain­ous for­est of Mount Ndeki is where you can ob­serve trop­i­cal species of birds while wan­der­ing in the pris­tine wilder­ness of the moun­tain­ous for­est, also home to green vipers cam­ou­flag­ing them­selves as dry branches.


Flo­res is sit­u­ated in the midst of the “Ring of Fire” part of a vol­canic belt which stretches from Su­ma­tra through Java and Bali to the Banda Sea. The most fa­mous vol­cano on the is­land is the Ke­limutu, pop­u­lar site of the tri-coloured crater lakes.

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