Geography & Weather
Part of Indonesia’s Eastern Islands (NTT, Nusa Tenggara Timur), Flores boasts a mountainous and rugged landscape that makes up 6,627 square metres of Indonesia. The biggest island in NTT and also one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, Flores is geographically located between Sumbawa and Timor to its East and West and Sumba and Sulawesi to its North and South. It boasts a tropical climate with two seasons (wet and dry) per year with an average temperature ranging from 27-29°C. Monsoon season hits between December and March before dry season comes in May until October, however, frequencies of rainfall differ according to regions. Between these extremes, there usually is a transitional period lasting from April to May and then again from October to November.
Its highest peak at 7,872 ft, Flores is located in the volcanic zone that extends from Sumatra across Java and Bali to the Banda Sea. Its turbulent geological history is reflected in the heavily fragmented mountainous region. Flores is prone not only to volcanic eruptions, but also to and tsunamis earthquakes: In 1992, a strong earthquake followed by a massive tidal wave claimed the lives of 3000 people and destroyed the town of Maumere and its surroundings.
Flores’ tropical waters are not only mind-numbingly beautiful; along the coastline they are also free off strong currents. The beaches of Flores are spread out all over the island in many spectacular forms – rest assured you’ll find the standard white sandy beach but be prepared to be awestruck by its multicoloured versions including pink, black, and blue-pebbled beaches with majestic backdrops of jungles and mountains.
Lush forests cover almost all of Flores, with several options available for exploring by foot. The most popular would be the forests surrounding the Kelimutu National Park in the district of Ende and the isolated forests of Wae Rebo in Manggarai district, one of the most biologically richest areas in Indonesia and a short hike away from the village of Wae Rebo. The mountainous forest of Mount Ndeki is where you can observe tropical species of birds while wandering in the pristine wilderness of the mountainous forest, also home to green vipers camouflaging themselves as dry branches.
Flores is situated in the midst of the “Ring of Fire” part of a volcanic belt which stretches from Sumatra through Java and Bali to the Banda Sea. The most famous volcano on the island is the Kelimutu, popular site of the tri-coloured crater lakes.