ﻧﺎﻣﺶﻧﻘﻄﻪﻋﻄﻔﯽدرﺗﺎرﯾﺦﺣﺎﻓﻆﭘﮋوﻫﯽاﺳﺖ

Shahrara Institute - - News -

ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺳــﻠﻴﻢ ﻧﻴﺴــﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭﮔﺬﺷــﺖ. ﻧﻴﺴــﺎﺭﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺳــﺘﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺣﺎﻓﻆﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻭ ﻣﺆﻟﻒ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺟﺎﻭﺩﺍﻧﻪ »ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺩﮔﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻏﺰﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ« ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ 2 ﺟﻠﺪ ﻧﺴﺨﻪﺑﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ 50 ﺩﺳﺘﻨﻮﻳﺲ ﻗﺮﻥ ﻧﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻗﺘﻰ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻧﻴﺴــﺎﺭﻯ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻼﻏﺖ ﺣﺎﻓــﻆ. ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺗﺼﺤﻴــﺢ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺘﻮﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻰ ﺩﺭﺧﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﺣﻴﻒ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﺑﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﺨﻪ ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ؛ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻭﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩﻯ ﻏﺰﻝﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ »ﺍﺻﻴﻞ« ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ. ﭼﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺖ ﻏﺰﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺩﮔﺮﺳﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ. ﺳﺎﺯﻭﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩﻯ ﺿﺒﻂﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺜﻨﻮﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻗﺼﺎﻳــﺪ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﺑﺎﻋﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻧﺴﺨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻬﻦ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻧﻴﺴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ. ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦﻫﻤﻪ ﺣﺎﻓﻆﭘﮋﻭﻫﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ. ﻳﺎﺩﻡﻫﺴﺖﻭﻗﺘﻰﺑﺎ ﻏﺰﻝﻫﺎﻯﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻳﺎﺩﻡ ﻫﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﻤﺠﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ. ﺟﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻧﻴﺴﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺩﮔﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﺷﻌﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺴــﺦ ﻗﺮﻥ ﻧﻬﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳــﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻣﺆﻟﻒ »ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺩﮔﺮﺳﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻏﺰﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ« ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘــﺎﻁ ﻋﻄﻒ ﺗﺎﺭﻳــﺦ ﺣﺎﻓﻆﭘﮋﻭﻫﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻋﻼﻣﻪ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺧﺎﻧﻠﺮﻯ. ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﻴﺴــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﺧﺎﺩﻡ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺗﻘﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺯﺭﻳﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺎﺣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺗﻀﻮﻯ ﻭ ... .

ﻋﻈﯿﻤــﯽ|

ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺣﺴﯿﻦ ﻣﺤﻤﺪی، ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻧﻮﯾﺲ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻧﯽ: ﺻﺎﺩﻕ ﻫﺪﺍﯾﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺑﯿﺎﺕ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﺪ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﺄﺛﯿﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﯿﺸﺘﺮ ﻧﻮﯾﺴﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﯾﺮﺍﻧﯽ ﺭﻭی ﺍﺩﺑﯿﺎﺕ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺄﺛﯿﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ. ﺍﻣﯿﺮ ﻋﺸﯿﺮی، ﺣﺴﯿﻨﻘﻠﯽ ﻣﺴﺘﻌﺎﻥ، ﭘﺮﻭﯾﺰ ﻗﺎﺿﯽﺳﻌﯿﺪ ...ﻭ ﭘﺮﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺧﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ.

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