Zarif urges Pom­peo to study UN Res­o­lu­tion 2231

Tehran Times - - POLITICS -

TEHRAN – The U.S. sec­re­tary of state needs to study the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil Res­o­lu­tion 2231, For­eign Min­is­ter Mo­ham­mad Javad Zarif has sug­gested in re­ac­tion to Mike Pom­peo’s tweet which claimed that Iran’s mis­sile test­ing ac­tiv­i­ties vi­o­late the res­o­lu­tion.

Res­o­lu­tion 2231, adopted unan­i­mously by the UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil in July 2015, en­dorses the nu­clear agree­ment be­tween Iran, the 5+1 group, and the Eu­ro­pean Union. How­ever, the United States, un­der Don­ald Trump, uni­lat­er­ally with­drew from the agree­ment in May and or­dered sanc­tions on Iran.

In an in­ter­view with ICANA pub­lished on Tues­day, Zarif stated that Pom­peo does not value the UN res­o­lu­tion at all.

“This is not un­ex­pected of him,” Zarif re­marked.

He added, “Not­with­stand­ing their in­ter­na­tional com­mit­ments, they [the U.S. of­fi­cials] ditched the nu­clear deal; be­sides, they pun­ish those who im­ple­ment the deal.”

The Ira­nian for­eign min­is­ter high­lighted that the JCPOA – the of­fi­cial name for the nu­clear deal - does not pro­hibit Iran from test­ing mis­siles, and that the Res­o­lu­tion 2231 only re­quests Iran not to test nu­clear-ca­pa­ble mis­siles.

It does not pro­hibit Iran from test­ing mis­siles, the chief diplo­mat added.

“Iran is not af­ter nu­clear weapons, and these mis­siles are not de­signed to carry nu­clear weapons.”

Un­der­lin­ing that mis­siles de­signed for car­ry­ing nu­clear weapons do not re­quire high de­grees of pre­ci­sion, Zarif con­cluded that Iran’s mis­siles, for their high pre­ci­sion, are not the prod­uct of a nuke pro­gram.

“In the re­cent at­tack on the ter­ror­ists [in Iraq’s Kur­dis­tan Re­gion], Iran showed that its mis­siles are highly pre­cise-guided.”

‘Oil ex­port, piv­otal to EU-Iran trade mech­a­nism’

Also, in re­ac­tion to a re­cent news ar­ti­cle by Reuters which claimed that the SPV, even if es­tab­lished, may not con­trib­ute to Iran’s oil ex­port to Europe, Zarif said the SPV is a Eu­ro­pean-pro­posed pay­ment mech­a­nism to en­sure that Iran con­tin­ues in­ter­na­tional trade de­spite U.S. sanc­tions.

Cit­ing un­named Eu­ro­pean diplo­mats on Nov. 28, Reuters said though France and Ger­many are go­ing to take joint re­spon­si­bil­ity for the trade mech­a­nism, few be­lieve the mech­a­nism will cover oil sales, and it could be scaled back to en­com­pass only less sen­si­tive items such as hu­man­i­tar­ian and food prod­ucts.

Zarif said that the re­marks - which were at­tributed to un­known sources - are “in­ac­cu­rate”.

“Ac­cord­ing to the re­ceived in­for­ma­tion, this could not be true be­cause if the in­come from oil trade is not de­posited into an ac­count, it is not clear whether there is any money for con­duct­ing any trans­ac­tions.”

Zarif noted that oil is the ma­jor ex­port of Iran, there­fore some peo­ple are try­ing to cre­ate an at­mos­phere in or­der to make peo­ple lose their hope.

He fur­ther said, “The Is­lamic Re­pub­lic of Iran has al­ways in­sisted on its own in­ter­nal strength. As a re­sult, we con­tin­ued our ef­forts with the Euro­peans.”

‘Euro­peans should pay for their se­cu­rity’

The for­eign min­is­ter stressed that the JCPOA is cru­cial to the se­cu­rity of Europe and there­fore “they have to pay for the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the JCPOA and their own se­cu­rity.”

“We are in touch with the Euro­peans and fol­low­ing up on the tech­ni­cal is­sues to make sure the trade mech­a­nism is de­vel­oped. We hope the SPV can meet the needs of the coun­try to an ac­cept­able ex­tent.”

Point­ing to the sig­nif­i­cance of get­ting a prac­ti­cal guar­an­tee for the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the SPV, Zarif said though Ira­nian of­fi­cials have re­ceived pos­i­tive pre­lim­i­nary in­for­ma­tion con­cern­ing the es­tab­lish­ment of the mech­a­nism, ex­ces­sive cau­tious­ness can be sensed on the part of the Euro­peans.

“Euro­peans want to reap the ben­e­fits of the JCPOA with­out hav­ing to pay for al­le­vi­at­ing their se­cu­rity con­cerns, and this is not pos­si­ble,” Zarif stressed.

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