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Irish Examiner - Feelgood - - This Week -

IM­MUNE RE­AC­TION: An over­ac­tive im­mune sys­tem could trig­ger the de­bil­i­tat­ing con­di­tion chronic fa­tigue syn­drome (CFS), a study has found. CFS — also known as ME (myal­gic en­cephalomyeli­tis) — is a long-term ill­ness char­ac­terised by ex­treme tired­ness. The un­der­ly­ing bi­ol­ogy of the con­di­tion has re­mained a mys­tery, al­though many pa­tients re­port their ill­ness start­ing fol­low­ing an in­fec­tion such as a vi­ral ill­ness. Sci­en­tists at King’s Col­lege Lon­don have found that an im­mune sys­tem over­re­act­ing to an in­fec­tion could help ex­plain how the con­di­tion is con­tracted. Lead re­searcher Dr Alice Rus­sell said: “Our find­ings sug­gest that peo­ple who have an ex­ag­ger­ated im­mune re­sponse to a trig­ger may be more at risk of de­vel­op­ing CFS.” CER­VI­CAL TEST: A new test for cer­vi­cal cancer that could “rev­o­lu­tionise screen­ing” has been found to out­per­form cur­rent tests at a re­duced cost, ac­cord­ing to a study. The “epi­ge­net­ics-based” test de­tected 100% of the can­cers that de­vel­oped in 15,744 women in a screen­ing trial led by Queen Mary Univer­sity of Lon­don. It per­formed “sig­nif­i­cantly bet­ter” than the Pap smear or hu­man pa­pil­lo­mavirus (HPV) test, and the study’s au­thors be­lieve it would be cheaper if fully rolled out. The Pap smear de­tected one quar­ter, while the HPV test de­tected half of the can­cers in the group of women aged 25-65 in Canada. The study was pub­lished in the In­ter­na­tional Jour­nal of Cancer. SILENT DISCO: Peo­ple at­tend­ing fes­tive par­ties have been urged to wear earplugs to pro­tect their hear­ing while in noisy pubs, bars, or con­certs. Rev­ellers should also avoid stand­ing for too long near speak­ers and take breaks from the noise. Ex­po­sure to loud noise can lead to tin­ni­tus, of­ten de­scribed as ring­ing in the ears . Loud noise ex­po­sure can dam­age the hair cells in the cochlea, lead­ing to hear­ing loss and tin­ni­tus. Symp­toms of the con­di­tion can last any­where from a few hours to per­ma­nent dam­age.

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