Minimising costs and laying the basis for compensatory growth should be priorities during winter feeding of stores and weanlings, writes
and are “warm” will lose much of the winter weight gain in the first few weeks at pasture.
Stock gaining less than 0.25 kg/day will not be able to compensate sufficiently at pasture so extreme restriction is off grass with the aim to be slaughtered before reaching 30 months of age.
The response to concentrate supplementation for stores is lower than for weanling and subsequent compensatory growth at pasture is generally greater and can exceed 1kg live-weight/day.
Target daily live weight gain during the housing period is 0.5 kg/day for heifers and 0.7 kg/day for steers.
The optimum level of concentrate supplementation for store cattle in winter depends on silage quality (see the table below).
For store cattle feed a high energy 14pc CP ration with minerals and vitamins included. If using forages such as maize silage or fodder beet, a protein balancer and