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1 Plant onions and shallots to give a crop next summer. Only use suitable varieties and make sure the soil is free- draining to avoid rot.
2 Remove fallen leaves from around rose bushes and remove from the garden, as they can harbour spores of black spot and spread the disease next year.
3 Sow pots and trays of hardy annuals such as Calendula, flax, Nigella and hardy poppies, making sure to label and water from below.
4 Take cuttings, of rosemary, lavender and hydrangeas, potting on when roots have developed and grow on in a sheltered spot before planting out next year.
5 Now is the start of the peak bulb planting season – now is the time for daffodils, crocuses, hyacinths, alliums and lilies, but hold off planting tulips until October.