The Jerusalem Post

New amnesty program

- • By LEON HARRIS The writer is a certified public accountant and tax specialist at Harris Consulting & Tax Ltd.

The Israel Tax Authority (ITA) has announced a new voluntary disclosure program (VDP, or amnesty) for applicatio­ns filed by taxpayers between December 12, 2017, and the end of 2019. The new program replaces an earlier program that stopped accepting applicatio­ns at the end of 2016.

The ITA reported that 7,549 applicatio­ns were filed under the old program, of which 4,620 were anonymous, 1,436 fast track and 1,493 regular. The old program uncovered around NIS 30 billion of capital; the resulting amount of tax was not mentioned, presumably because the ITA was not too fast in negotiatin­g and collecting it.

Last chance: The new program is similar but not identical to the old one. It represents a last chance for taxpayers to sort out any skeletons in the closet before Israel implements the OECD’s Common Reporting Standard (CRS) in 2018. This is an automated informatio­n-exchange system that makes most banks in the world report foreign-account holders and their accounts to most tax authoritie­s in the world, including the ITA. The OECD system complement­s the US FATCA informatio­n-exchange system.

What’s in the new VDP Program?

A taxpayer can disclose assets and income thereon, pay the resulting Israeli tax and avoid investigat­ion and criminal proceeding­s if certain conditions are met.

Not only income tax is covered by the new VDP, but also VAT, land-appreciati­on tax, purchase tax, customs and excise duties, among others. Main conditions: The disclosure must be complete and in good faith. The VDP is not for cases already under investigat­ion by the ITA. The ITA “is entitled” to reject an applicatio­n if it already has related informatio­n itself, or via another government department, the court system in Israel or abroad, or the media. A closed-box approach applies to losses; only losses reported in the amnesty may be offset against other income in the amnesty period. Losses cannot be brought forward or carried forward outside the amnesty box. A taxpayer only can apply once for an amnesty. But if he has applied before, he must say so on the forms.

At the end, tax is due with interest, inflation adjustment and fines.

Anonymous VDP applicatio­ns: Anonymous applicatio­ns are possible until the end of 2018 (not 2019). A profession­al representa­tive signs the applicatio­n form instead of the taxpayer and handles the case. The representa­tive is supposed to sign a VDP agreement and reveal the taxpayer’s name within 180 days after filing the applicatio­n, unless the ITA extends the period by 90 days. Comment: The old VDP had deadlines which were largely ignored by the ITA.

Fast-track applicatio­ns: A fast-track procedure is available for named (not anonymous) cases involving capital of up to NIS 2 million and income of up to NIS 0.5m. “in the year reported.” The ITA does not commit to a deadline (unlike the old VDP of 30 days), but once the ITA approves the applicatio­n, the taxpayer has 15 days to pay the tax.

Forms: Attention should also be paid to the new VDP forms. They require, among other things, upfront tax calculatio­ns, disclosure of capital on the applicatio­n date, whether any VDP was previously requested, whether diamond dealings are involved and a declaratio­n the monies were not derived illegally. Relevant documents should be attached, such as probate and statements showing balances and movements. If a case is rejected: This will typically be because it was already known to the ITA – perhaps due to the CRS or FATCA. Under the old amnesty, the ITA undertook not to use amnesty material in court. In the new amnesty, this is limited to good-faith cases with full cooperatio­n and disclosure of informatio­n and documents and prompt payment of all amounts due when requested by the ITA.


Fines may now be imposed. Under the old VDP, fines were generally not imposed. There is no mention of how much the fines will be.

The new circular still does not reveal ITA tactics, such as imposing tax of 10%-50% on unproven capital. For example, if you inherited money, is your inheritanc­e expressly mentioned in the will or probate documents, and can you produce a bank statement showing that the same amount passed into your bank account? The OECD advises tax authoritie­s to be pragmatic on cases of incomplete records and not go back more than five to 10 years. But the ITA may go back decades.

The period under review is not mentioned in the new VDP instructio­ns. Previously, income derived in the last 10 years was taxed, as well as unproven capital.

The new VDP aims to cut out bad faith – applying for an amnesty when you already know you or your bank is under investigat­ion. Anything submitted may now be used in court evidence against you in cases deemed bad faith.

The ITA want all the amnesty paperwork upfront, no more online applicatio­ns. This helps them to keep to deadlines for finishing and collecting their tax.

In short, the new VDP is like an iceberg – much remains hidden below the surface.

As always, consult experience­d tax advisers in each country at an early stage in specific cases.

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