Ma­jor gap in non­profit wel­fare fund­ing be­tween haredim and Arab Is­raelis

Jerusalem Post - - NEWS - • By ROCKY BAIER

A study on wel­fare non­prof­its in Is­rael shows the gap be­tween fund­ing in dif­fer­ent sec­tors of so­ci­ety, in­clud­ing the gaps be­tween the Is­raeli Arab and haredi (ul­tra-Or­tho­dox) pop­u­la­tions.

Ac­cord­ing to the study, 43,000 non­prof­its cur­rently help pro­vide ser­vices to peo­ple on wel­fare, al­though only about 20,000 ap­pear to be ac­tive. This num­ber grows each year, with an av­er­age of 1,600 new or­ga­ni­za­tions reg­is­ter­ing per year in the last decade.

Around 7% of those or­ga­ni­za­tions have ser­vices des­ig­nated for Arab Is­raelis, but the money gen­er­ated by those or­ga­ni­za­tions is only 2% of the to­tal money raised by all wel­fare non­prof­its. In com­par­i­son, 23% of the or­ga­ni­za­tions pro­vide as­sis­tance to the haredi sec­tor and hold 20% of the to­tal money in wel­fare non­prof­its.

In Is­rael, 1.8 mil­lion peo­ple are liv­ing below the poverty line. Wel­fare pro­vides fund­ing for ser­vices to peo­ple who are in need, and pro­motes ba­sic stan­dards of liv­ing, both phys­i­cally and ma­te­ri­ally.

The study was con­ducted by re­searchers Shavit Mad­hala, Dr. Michal Al­mog-Bar and Prof. John Gal through the Taub Cen­ter in con­junc­tion with the Cen­ter for the Study of Civil So­ci­ety and Phi­lan­thropy at the He­brew Uni­ver­sity of Jerusalem. Their data came from re­ports that non­prof­its are re­quired to sub­mit to the Is­raeli Cor­po­ra­tions Author­ity, which are avail­able on the “GuideStar” Is­rael web­site.

For non­prof­its alone, the to­tal rev­enue ex­am­ined for this study amounts to NIS 13.8 bil­lion.

Do­na­tions are 28% of the to­tal pub­lic ex­pen­di­ture on wel­fare ser­vices in Is­rael. In to­tal, Is­rael’s an­nual ex­pen­di­ture on wel­fare is NIS 12b., but if do­na­tion funds col­lected by non­prof­its are fac­tored into this, the num­ber jumps to NIS 15.45 b.

Haredi or­ga­ni­za­tions get 38% of their funds through do­na­tions, and 30% of all do­na­tions to wel­fare non­prof­its in gen­eral go to them. Is­raeli Arab or­ga­ni­za­tions re­ceive 2% of all do­na­tions.

“Both of these sec­tors of so­ci­ety are poorer than the rest of so­ci­ety, which means that peo­ple in these com­mu­ni­ties need wel­fare ser­vices, need so­cial ser­vices, need cash ben­e­fits,” Gal said. “I think the Haredi com­mu­nity is… in­te­grated into govern­ment ser­vices and has es­tab­lished or­ga­ni­za­tions that get sup­port from the govern­ment or from overseas.”

Ac­cord­ing to Gal, there are dif­fer­ent rea­sons the Arab com­mu­nity has far less non­prof­its and far less money to use: “The com­mu­nity is larger and the poverty level is very high – about 15% of Arab fam­i­lies are below the poverty line,” Gal said. “I think they are less in­te­grated po­lit­i­cally and not part of a govern­ment coali­tion. In the haredi com­mu­nity, a lot of money comes from [overseas]. In the Arab com­mu­ni­ties a lot less money is do­nated from overseas.”

(Taub Cen­ter)

AMONG NON­PROFIT or­ga­ni­za­tions in Is­rael, 23% pro­vide as­sis­tance to the haredi sec­tor, com­pared to 7% for Is­raeli Arabs.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Israel

© PressReader. All rights reserved.