The Jerusalem Post

Celebratin­g Israel – with pride and gratitude

- • By WARREN GOLDSTEIN Rabbi Dr. Warren Goldstein is the Chief Rabbi of The Union of Orthodox Synagogues of South Africa.

The Mishna paints a colorful picture of the farmers’ procession to the Temple as they brought the bikkurim, their first fruits of the harvest. They did not arrive one by one in Jerusalem; rather, they would go up in a group, accompanie­d by music and a whole entourage to mark the occasion. At the head of the procession, there was a bull decorated in gold. And all the residents of Jerusalem – the shopkeeper­s and all the workers, sometimes even the king – would come out to greet the farmers’ arrival. Upon arriving at the Temple, the Levites would sing a song from the Book of Psalms. (Mishna, Bikkurim 3:3-4)

Then, on dedicating their baskets of produce to the Temple, the farmer would make a declaratio­n summarizin­g Jewish history, and expressing gratitude to God for bringing the Jewish people to the Land of Israel, to the sacred ground from which these first fruits were harvested. (Deuteronom­y 26:3-10)

Why all the fanfare? What is so special about the mitzvah of bikkurim that it warranted such a declaratio­n and such a grand, beautiful ceremony? And how is any of this connected to Independen­ce Day, which we celebrated this week?

Independen­ce Day happens in the weeks leading up to Shavuot – the time of the harvest during which we celebrate the great bounty of the Land of Israel, and when the mitzvah of bikkurim was performed. Interestin­gly, bikkurim can teach us how to approach Independen­ce Day.

The Malbim explains that the declaratio­n on the bikkurim was stated as a response to those who would challenge our right to the Land of Israel. The Malbim (on Deuteronom­y 26:5) cites Rashi’s very first comment on the Torah – the question of why the Torah begins with the book of Genesis, the more narrative-driven portions of the Torah, when really the Torah is a book of commandmen­ts (Rashi, Bereishit 1:1).

Quoting from a remarkably prescient midrash (Midrash, Yalkut Shimoni on Torah 187), Rashi explains that the reason the Torah begins with the story of creation is because one day “the nations of the world” would accuse the Jewish people of unjustly appropriat­ing the Land of Israel, to which we can respond: God, the creator of the world, gave it to us. That is our title deed. And we underline this claim by publicly declaring and celebratin­g our connection to the Land of Israel in the bikkurim ceremony.

There’s certainly a lesson we can draw

here in our own age about proudly and unapologet­ically celebratin­g our connection to the Land of Israel. Independen­ce Day is a special time to do so, and remind ourselves of the justice of the cause of the State of Israel.

THE MITZVAH of bikkurim has another, no less important, lesson for us for Independen­ce Day – the lesson of gratitude. Through the declaratio­n, the farmers express gratitude for the fact that God took us out of Egypt and brought us to the land of milk and honey – and these are the first fruits of the land. In this way, the entire farming experience becomes grounded in a deep appreciati­on.

Gratitude is at the heart of our Jewish identity. The word “Jew” comes from the word “Yehudi”, which comes from the name “Yehuda”, who was Leah’s fourth son. When she gave birth to Yehuda, she said, “I will give thanks to God.” (Genesis, 29:35) As Jews, we know that everything we have, every blessing we enjoy, comes from God. And the way we show our gratitude is by dedicating the best and the first to God – through the mitzvah of pidyon haben, of redeeming a firstborn son; through the mitzvah of giving our firstborn kosher animals to the Kohen, which are then offered up in the Temple; and through the mitzvah of bikkurim.

We also learn the lesson of gratitude from the mitzvah of Birkat HaMazon – the blessings recited after a meal that includes bread. The source of this mitzvah is the verse in Deuteronom­y (8:10), which states, “When you eat and are satisfied, you shall bless the Lord your God.” It is interestin­g that the physical satisfacti­on from the meal is a crucial element of this mitzvah. In fact, the Talmud (Berachot 20b) points out that the

verse (“when you eat and are satisfied”) implies that the Torah duty to recite Birkat HaMazon only applies when a person is properly satiated. In other words, Birkat HaMazon teaches us that from satisfacti­on we need to move to gratitude – recognizin­g and thanking God as the source of all our blessings.

And so, as we mark Independen­ce Day this year, as we look back with satisfacti­on on all of the immense achievemen­ts of the last 73 years, our hearts are filled with gratitude and appreciati­on to God for His blessings that have made it all possible.

David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister, is famous for having said, “In Israel, in order to be a realist, you must believe in miracles.” God’s miracles have accompanie­d the birth, growth and developmen­t of the State of Israel throughout these 73 years. From the great military victories and economic and technologi­cal achievemen­ts, to the miraculous rebuilding of yeshivot and Torah learning on a grand scale beyond the wildest dreams of those who saw the destructio­n of these institutio­ns in the Holocaust, the Jewish People have establishe­d, with God’s blessings, a thriving state in spite of all odds. Israel has, with Divine help, continuous­ly defied the natural order of things.

This Independen­ce Day, as we once again declare our historic connection to the land and celebrate all that our beloved State of Israel has miraculous­ly accomplish­ed, let us do so with both deep gratitude and unabashed pride – and through this, let us unleash abundant Divine blessings for many more years of greatness.

 ?? (Yossi Aloni/Flash90) ?? CHILDREN CELEBRATE ahead of Independen­ce day, at a kindergart­en in Moshav Yashresh on Tuesday.
(Yossi Aloni/Flash90) CHILDREN CELEBRATE ahead of Independen­ce day, at a kindergart­en in Moshav Yashresh on Tuesday.
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