The Jerusalem Post

LA’s Getty Villa exhibits treasures from Mesopotami­a

The need to preserve ancient works of art gained importance in light of their wholesale destructio­n by Islamic State

- • BY JACOB SAGERT

Artifacts from ancient Mesopotami­a are on display at Los Angeles’s Getty Villa, and will be featured in two exhibits in coordinati­on with the Louvre Museum in Paris and the British Museum. The importance of these works of art has increased tremendous­ly in light of the recent destructio­n by Islamic State of many of the remaining ancient artifacts in Iraq and Syria.

A selection of sculptures and reliefs from the ancient Near East are currently on loan from the British Museum and the Musée du Louvre to the Getty Villa, one of two locations of the J. Paul Getty Museum. These works of art have been divided between two exhibition­s at the villa: Assyria: Palace Art of Ancient Iraq, an exhibition of stone reliefs from the palaces in Iraq, excavated in the 19th century, on long-term loan from the British Museum, runs through September 5, 2022; and Mesopotami­a: Civilizati­on Begins, drawn primarily from the Louvre’s great collection, which is on display through August 16, 2021.

The Getty’s preservati­on of and reverence for the Near East’s ancient treasures come at a time when the region’s antiquitie­s are under threat of annihilati­on at the hands of terrorist groups, and theft by criminal organizati­ons.

Jeffrey Spier, the senior curator of antiquitie­s at the Getty Museum, told the Media Line that Mesopotami­an artifacts have been for decades particular­ly susceptibl­e to theft and destructio­n.

“The Iraq war saw the damage and the looting of the Baghdad Museum and elsewhere,” he said. And more recently, the artifacts were threatened by “the deliberate destructio­n inflicted by ISIS, which sought to destroy many monuments in Iraq and Syria .... Sites such as Palmyra in Syria and Nineveh and Hatra in Iraq suffered terrible damage to ancient buildings and other monuments, which can never be restored,” Spier said. “Some museums, notably Mosul, were totally destroyed.”

Spier said museums had only a very limited ability to combat this destructio­n and the illicit trade in stolen artifacts.

“There is little museums can do to prevent the sort of destructio­n occurring in the Middle East, aside from showing exhibition­s that might make the public more aware of the importance of these ancient cultures,” he said.

“Although the Getty exhibition­s do not focus on the recent destructio­n, they do mention what is happening, and I think this does impress on visitors how precious the works are.” This is especially important to Spier. “An appreciati­on for the skill of ancient artists and for the beauty of the works of art themselves” will lead to “a better understand­ing of an ancient empire that continues to impact the present,” he said.

The Getty has paid special attention to those who are directly linked to the nation in the Near East most greatly affected by the tragedy of artifact destructio­n and degradatio­n.

“We have reached out to, and had visits from members of, the Iraqi community,” Spier said. “Members of the Assyrian Students Associatio­n have organized visits for groups of young people on several occasions.” In addition, the Iraqi consul general in Los Angeles, Dr. Salwan Sinjaree, visited both exhibition­s with consulate staff members and posted the visit on Twitter.

Souna Hashim of the Iraqi Consulate General in Los Angeles confirmed this solidarity with the Iraqi community. She told the Media Line, “The Getty Museum displayed Iraqi heritage [Assyrian era] at its best.”

Hashim said, “The government of Iraq keeps its heritage as its top priority,” and has pushed for UNESCO to “put the Citadel of Erbil on the World Heritage List, as well as the Marshes of Iraq, Uruk City, and Babylon’s Hanging Gardens.” Prioritizi­ng Iraq’s cultural heritage sites came as a result of Islamic State’s recent occupation­s in the region.

“Since ISIS emerged in Iraq in 2014, they deliberate­ly destroyed cities that fell under their grasp,” she said, starting with heritage sites “under the pretext of Islam forbidding idols.”

 ?? (Getty Museum) ?? ‘MESOPOTAMI­A: CIVILIZATI­ON BEGINS’ features artworks on loan from Musée du Louvre, Metropolit­an Museum of Art, Bibliothèq­ue Nationale de France and Musée Auguste Grasset-Varzy.
(Getty Museum) ‘MESOPOTAMI­A: CIVILIZATI­ON BEGINS’ features artworks on loan from Musée du Louvre, Metropolit­an Museum of Art, Bibliothèq­ue Nationale de France and Musée Auguste Grasset-Varzy.

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