Is Hezbollah really Israel’s most volatile threat?
The launch of Operation Northern Shield to uncover and destroy Hezbollah’s network of cross-border tunnels contextualizes the government’s decision last month to swallow some tough pills and a little pride in order to avert full-blown conflict against Hamas. At the time, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, under significant political and public pressure, spoke cryptically of Israel already being engaged in a military campaign and that an “unnecessary war” in the Gaza Strip would derail this undefined endeavor.
While the move was still panned by a majority of Israelis and led to the resignation of defense minister Avigdor Liberman – who called the choice a “capitulation to terror” – it is now clear that Netanyahu, with the backing of the military, was prioritizing the northern threat that evidently demanded immediate action.
That plans to destroy Hezbollah’s terror tunnels were discussed during security meetings ahead of a final decision on Gaza dispels the notion that the premier is acting out of political interest in order to deflect attention away from the criminal investigations against him. His trip to Brussels on Monday to provide advanced warning of the IDF operation to US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo reinforces that current developments have been weeks in the making.
There is little argument among analysts that Hezbollah poses a far greater danger to Israel than Hamas. Indeed, Netanyahu over the past two months repeatedly has warned that Iran’s Lebanese terror proxy is constructing underground factories capable of producing precision-guided missiles that can target critical infrastructure anywhere in Israel.
Notably, the prime minister described Operation Northern Shield as a “small piece of the big picture of our efforts and actions to ensure security on all fronts,” a comment construed as an indication that the mission may be a precursor to confronting what is viewed as the more acute threat of Hezbollah’s arsenal of 120,000 projectiles.
Then there is the broader and more important strategic goal of curbing Tehran’s regional expansionism—foremost its effort to establish a permanent military presence in Syria – as well as preventing its nuclearization.
Accordingly, Israel’s decision-making process and related courses of action appear well-calculated and correct.
Which would be truer if the situation in Gaza was actually stable.
In fact, news about the diplomatic push to achieve a ceasefire agreement between Israel and Hamas has conspicuously disappeared from the headlines. It seems that the Egyptian-, Qatariand United Nations-mediated negotiating process has reached a standstill and, instead, the parties have resigned themselves to the return of the longstanding status quo of “quiet-for-quiet.”
“We are slowly moving back to some sort of regularization that reestablishes the rules of the game set following Operation Protective Edge,” Brig.-Gen.(res.) Yossi Kuperwasser, formerly the director-general of the Strategic Affairs Ministry and currently head of the Project on Middle East Developments at the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, explained to The Media Line.
“A long-term ceasefire, however, is not realistic because Hamas is unwilling to give up its jihadist identity and its rule over Gaza. Because of this, they are not ready for the type of truce that includes serious conditions.” But while rockets are not indiscriminately raining down on civilian centers, the so- called “March of Return” protests nevertheless are ongoing, and one incident along the border can easily inflame tensions. Additionally, there is the possibility of external interference, as the mullahs in Tehran might be tempted to instruct their Palestinian proxies in Gaza to resume terror operations with a view to diverting Israel’s military focus from North to South.
Moreover, the IDF undoubtedly will continue to monitor and pursue objectives in the Palestinian territory, which carries the risk of a botched operation similar to that of November 11, when an elite unit was identified 5 km. deep in Gaza. The ensuing firefight killed one senior IDF officer and seven Hamas members and was a catalyst for the next day’s largest-ever 24-hour barrage of some 500 missiles fired into Israel.
“The Israeli government has not forgotten about Gaza but right now the overall situation is more under control. There is Qatari money and fuel going in so things are less sensitive,” Brig.-Gen. (res.) Nitzan Nuriel, former director of the Counterterrorism Bureau at the Prime Minister’s Office and prior to that deputy commander of the IDF’s Gaza Division, explained to The Media Line.
“A long-term ceasefire would be a ‘win-win’ scenario and create a totally different environment but this cannot happen yet because of [the intra-Palestinian divide and PA President Mahmoud Abbas’s refusal to reassume control over Gaza so long as Hamas retains its weapons.] However, the current Hamas leadership knows two things: namely, that they will not be able to defeat the State of Israel and that compromises will need to be made.
“In the long run,” he therefore concluded, “solutions will be found. Until then, there can always be mistakes that could lead to another round of violence.”