Some US lawmakers are eager to scrutinize hate groups
WASHINGTON – For years, Republicans have watched white supremacists claim the Republican Party is on their side. And on Capitol Hill, Republican lawmakers did little to crack down on race-based hate groups.
But now Democrats are in charge of the House.
That means Bennie Thompson, a black Democratic congressman from Mississippi, is in charge of the House Homeland Security Committee. And he plans to act. Thompson intends to hold hearings on what experts say is a growth of right-wing extremism in America.
“There are some people, I understand, who have belonged to those groups in the past, so there might be an opportunity for dialog there,” Thompson said.
After a woman died in Charlottesville, Va., in 2017 after a rally by white supremacists, Congress passed a resolution condemning the march. Though President Donald Trump signed the measure – and said he opposed hatred, bigotry and racism – he said earlier the same day: “You got some very bad people on the other side also.”
Hate crimes have increased significantly in recent years, but the House last year took no final action to help curb the trend. And the White House and Rep. Steve King (R-Iowa) have been criticized for indicating sympathy for white nationalists before clarifying they were against hate and bigotry.
Several terrorism experts say attention to the issue is long overdue.
They say the government has largely ignored the growth of a violent far Right, which exploded into the public consciousness with the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995, by Timothy McVeigh, an anti-government extremist.
“For all the intense focus on preventing terrorism, there’s a large blind spot about terrorism from the far Right,” said Michael German, a former FBI agent and a fellow at New York University’s Brennan Center for Justice.
“The federal government doesn’t keep accurate records describing the nature and impact of this violence. So it’s impossible to develop good policy if you don’t have a factual concept of the threat,” he said.
UNDER REPUBLICAN control from 2011 until this month, the House Homeland Security Committee repeatedly rejected calls by Thompson and Democrats for specific investigations of domestic far-right activities. Some Republicans are now wary that Thompson’s investigation would be conducted with a partisan view.
“I worry that it becomes completely political – a political cudgel and a political issue – and we don’t focus on the violence and the problems we have in society and [on] any potential solutions,” said Rep. Scott Perry, R-Pa., a member of the Home Security Committee and the conservative House Freedom Caucus.
“I just think it would be better to characterize it as violent extremism and look at all of [that extremism],” he said.
For years, Congress and the White House have looked at terrorism through the lens of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks that killed nearly 3,000 people. The House Homeland Security Committee, established after those attacks, has largely focused on the foreign threat or potential danger posed by US residents becoming radicalized by foreign terrorist groups.
Rep. Peter King (R-NY), a former committee chairman who presided over hearings on the threat of radicalization of American Muslims, said the panel is not the venue for Thompson to address his concern.
“To me, that was the function of the Judiciary Committee,” King said. “The purpose of the Homeland Security Committee was to fight basically overseas terrorists who have allies in the United States. If this was World War II, it would be the American Nazi Party. As far as I know, right-wing groups don’t have foreign ties.”
Rep. Mark Walker (R-NC) suggested that more of the nation’s attention and money needs to be focused on fighting the international terrorist threat.
“I have no problem call[ing white supremacy] out for what it is: hateful, ignorant pride,” Walker said. “But I want to make sure that we don’t miss where a lot of the terrorist activity is coming from. We have a thousand terrorists we are monitoring right now. I don’t know if very many of them [domestic terrorists] are considered [to be] in that particular group, but actually more are international.
“So do we need to target some of these? Absolutely,” he said. “But let’s not let that overwhelm our resources for the smaller percentage to miss out on the larger groups.” The committee has dealt with the subject sporadically, but did little legislatively.
CONGRESSIONAL REPUBLICANS were dogged by comments such as those recently by Steve King, who last week told The New York Times: “White nationalist, white supremacist, Western civilization – how did that language become offensive?”
King later issued a statement saying: “I reject those labels and the evil ideology that they define.”
But Republican leaders were quick to denounce King. His comments were “abhorrent and racist and should have no place in our national discourse,” said Rep. Liz Cheney (R-Wyo), the House’s third-ranking Republican.
King has been under fire before. Two years ago, he told CNN: “I’d like to see an America that’s just so homogeneous that we look a lot the same.” He narrowly won re-election last year.
Thompson said his aim is to change the dialogue and find a balance in a US domestic terrorism strategy that he believes has focused too heavily on the threat of homegrown Muslim terrorism and too little on the rise of far-right, white nationalist and antisemitic groups.
“We want to basically kind of change the conversation so that people understand that a bigger threat on the domestic side is the radical rightwing folk in this country,” he said.
A recent spate of incidents – including the shooting deaths of 11 congregants at a Pittsburgh synagogue in October, the February shooting deaths of 17 students and staff members at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Fla., and the August 2017 white nationalist rally in Charlottesville – has given Thompson and other congressional Democrats anecdotal evidence of the extreme right.
A study by the nonpartisan Government Accountability Office found that violent extremism was responsible for 85 attacks and 225 deaths in the United States from September 12, 2001 to December 31, 2016. Of those, 106 deaths were attributed to far-right violence in 22 separate incidents and 119 were attributed to “radical Islamist violent extremists” in 23 incidents.
From 2008 to 2017, domestic extremists were responsible for 387 killings. Of those, 274 were committed by far-right members of one group or another, according to a 2018 Anti-Defamation League study.
THE RISE of the far Right has long been a sensitive subject in Congress.
A 2009 Department of Homeland Security report warning that the election of Barack Obama as the nation’s first black president, as well as a poor economy, could lead to a resurgence of far-right extremism – and that military veterans could be prime recruits.
Several Republicans called for the firing of Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano; veterans organizations demanded an apology.
Thompson, then Homeland Security Committee chairman, said the report “appears to have blurred the line between violent belief, which is constitutionally protected, and violent action, which is not.”
Napolitano apologized for the report. But the political backlash led the Homeland Security Department DHS to stop tracking violent far-right extremism, according to Daryl Johnson, the report’s author.
A decade later, Johnson calls the report prescient.
“When I wrote that report back in 2009, I thought it was going to be maybe a four, maximum eight-year cycle,” said Johnson, who now runs an analytics firm that focuses on domestic extremism in the United States. “And here we are at Year 10 and it’s thriving due to neglect at the federal level to recognize the threat and to do anything about it.” (TNS)
SUPPORTERS OF the National Socialist Movement, a white nationalist political group, give Nazi salutes while taking part in a swastika burning in April at an undisclosed location in Georgia.