3. MASTER OF SCOTLAND.
THE ART NOUVEAU STYLE OF CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH ABSORBED ECHOES OF THE PAST AND JAPAN.
Scotland edged into the modern world rather late in the game. Glasgow, its largest city, played an important role in the industrial revolution. Patrons and artists came together in the Glasgow Movement, with Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928) as the leading figure. He designed the Glasgow School of Art (1897-1909, now being reconstructed after a damaging fire last June), a building of great charm due to its combination of the medieval tradition and modernism. He designed private homes, stores, a church and an amazing number of furnishings. Influenced by Art Nouveau, he was also aware of the work of his contemporary Frank Lloyd Wright, and had an influence on the Viennese Secession. His masterpieces include the Hill House (1902-04), whose interiors and furnishings have been perfectly conserved. The high-backed Hill House chair is his most famous design piece. Cassina has reissued it for the I Maestri collection, thanks to the philological passion of Filippo Alison.