Ph­lae­grean Area

Where the scald­ing earth burns

Where Naples Coast & Islands - - Where Else -

The name ”Ph­lae­grean Fields” refers to the vast area of a vol­canic na­ture ly­ing north­west of Naples (the word “Ph­la­grean” comes from Greek and means “fiery”). The area boasts some twenty vol­canic craters: sev­eral of them like the re­mark­able Sol­fa­tara emit jets of steam with sul­phurous fu­maroles while oth­ers, like Ag­nano, Poz­zuoli and Lu­crino, are renowned for their hy­dro­ther­mal ac­tiv­ity. For cen­turies, the en­tire area and, in par­tic­u­lar, Poz­zuoli, have been sub­jected to a phe­nom­e­non of Brady­seism which causes the ground to rise or sink a few me­tres above or be­low sea level. Since time im­memo­rial, the unit of mea­sure­ment for this phe­nom­e­non has been the Tem­ple of Serapis in Poz­zuoli whose pil­lars are marked by traces of salt which en­able ex­perts to gauge to what ex­tent the ground has shifted above or be­low sea level. A num­ber of lakes can also be found in the Ph­lae­grean area: Lake Averno, Lake Fusaro, Lake Lu­crino and Lake Miseno, known in an­cient times as the “Dead Sea”. The main ar­eas of cul­tural and en­vi­ron­men­tal in­ter­est are: Cape Miseno, the largest mil­i­tary port in an­cient Rome, the Greek city of Cuma, the Un­der­wa­ter Ar­chae­o­log­i­cal Park of Baia whose vil­las and tem­ples are sit­u­ated be­low sea level and the Rione Terra in Poz­zuoli fea­tur­ing a Ro­man city buried un­der its new con­struc­tions. These and count­less other nat­u­ral trea­sures make the Ph­lae­grean Fields a must-visit tourist at­trac­tion.

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