Daily Observer (Jamaica)
A CITIZEN’S GUIDE TO VISION 2030 JAMAICA
On May 9, 2009, then Prime Minister, Honourable Orette Bruce Golding tabled Vision 2030 Jamaica — National Development Plan and (its companion implementation framework) the 1st Medium Term Socio Economic Policy Framework (MTF) 2009 2012, during the 2009/10 Budget Presentation.
Q. What is Vision 2030 Jamaica – National Development Plan?
A. Vision 2030 Jamaica – National Development Plan, is our country’s first long-term strategic development plan, which provides a comprehensive planning framework in which the economic, social, environmental and governance aspects of national development are integrated. The Plan, which was approved in Parliament in 2009, is intended to ensure a secure and prosperous future for all Jamaicans and is based on the vision statement: “Jamaica, the place of choice to live, work, raise families and do business”. This vision statement embodies a clear message that emerged from the inclusive plan development process and encapsulates the yearning of our people for a secure and prosperous future.
Q. How will Vision 2030 Jamaica ensure a secure and prosperous future for all?
A. Ensuring a secure and prosperous future for all Jamaicans requires a major transformation from a middle income developing country to a country which can afford its citizens a high quality of life and world-class standards in a range of areas – education, health care, nutrition, civility and social order, access to environmental goods and services such as clean air and water among others.
Vision 2030 Jamaica introduces a new paradigm, which since its promulgation in 2009 has continued to redefine the strategic direction for Jamaica – one which puts us on a different path – a path to sustainable prosperity – one that moves us from dependence on the lower forms of capital to developing and sustaining the higher forms of capital – our cultural, human, knowledge and institutional capital stocks to move us into the higher stages of development and also to position us to add value to the lower forms of capital… moving us into an innovation-driven stage of development. Whilst the lower forms of capital, for example, our natural resources for tourism, bauxite, agriculture among others, provides the foundation for development, it is the higher forms of capital that will enable us to create the levels of prosperity required for sustained economic and social development.
Q. Who prepared Vision 2030 Jamaica – National Development Plan?
A. The preparation of Vision 2030 Jamaica was led by the Planning Institute of Jamaica (PIOJ). The PIOJ Act stipulates that the organization is responsible for guiding the long term development planning for the country. The development of the Plan was stakeholder driven utilizing participatory processes and included the views, foresight and strategic direction of NGOS and CBOS, the church, political Transforming our country requires that we all participate in the process parties, the government, trade unions, media, public and private sector organizations, our youth and the Diaspora.
Q. What are the key attributes of Vision 2030 Jamaica?
A. The Plan:
• Has a long-term planning horizon with a strategic focus
• Enjoys bi-partisan support
• Is underpinned by high levels of stakeholder involvement and engagement
• Takes into account the views and aspirations of our children and youth
• Is underpinned by a well-defined implementation framework, called the Mediumterm Socio-economic Policy Framework (MTF)
• Has a robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework comprising indicators and interim targets that allow for the quantitative assessment of progress
• Is underpinned by the principles of sustainability and ensures that all areas of development – economic, social, and environmental are taken into account
• Is easily aligned with key national and international frameworks – the most recent example being Agenda 2030 – Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS) which are expected to be achieved in Jamaica through the implementation of Vision 2030 Jamaica
• Has a strong focus on transparency and accountability by undertaking and making public its performance reports and the country’s development results
Q. How long have we been implementing Vision 2030 Jamaica?
A. We are now in the 10th year of implementation of this 21-year plan. The Plan was promulgated in May 2009 with fiscal year 2009/10 being the first year of implementation. Fiscal year 2019/2020 will be the 11th year of implementation of the Plan.
Q. What is our country’s National Goals?
A. We have four National Goals as follows:
These national goals are mutually reinforcing and synergistic in design, and their achievement cannot be realized in isolation from each other. The four goals of Vision 2030 Jamaica cover the three dimensions of sustainable development: goals 1 and 2 are social goals; goal 3 is an economic goal; and goal 4 is an environmental goal.
The goals give greater articulation to our national vision statement and are the pillars on which the new paradigm for Jamaica’s sustainable prosperity rests. Operationally, the four national goals are mapped into 15 National Outcomes which in turn are pursued through National Strategies.
Q. Where do we want to be by 2030?
A. Where we want to be by 2030 is captured in our 15 National Outcomes which reflect the actual or intended changes in development conditions and, when accomplished will lead to the achievement of our 4 National Goals. These goals and their associated national outcomes, along with national strategies, programmes, projects and activities collectively represent a development planning approach that is broad in scope, participatory in design and implementation, long-term in reach and transformational in character.
In other words, the Jamaica we want by 2030 is one in which there is sustainable prosperity and inclusive growth, equity and good governance.
Q. What are the Vision 2030 Jamaica Guiding Principles?
A. Vision 2030 Jamaica is based on seven Guiding Principles which put people at the centre of our country’s development. They give priority attention to the elements that are essential to delivering a worldclass quality of life to all Jamaicans and reflect the key pillars of change needed to realize the Vision for our nation.
Deliberate steps must be taken to change the mindset of our nation and address traits that could inhibit progress to our development. Core values such as respect, honesty and truthfulness, forgiveness, tolerance, trust, honour, discipline, responsibility, cooperation, good work ethic and punctuality, are
essential for transitioning the society to a prosperous one.
Q. What does National Goal 1 “Jamaicans are empowered to achieve their fullest potential” mean?
A. Vision 2030 Jamaica will create a society in which all Jamaicans are empowered to participate fully in the development of our country and to develop our talents and abilities, thereby elevating our standard of living and quality of life. We will be empowered to achieve our fullest potential when we realize the following national outcomes: • A Healthy and Stable Population • World-class Education and Training • Effective Social Protection • An Authentic and Transformational Culture
Through these national outcomes, we will improve on the progress made to date in the social areas by ensuring a high level of human capital development (education, training and health system reform), fostering of innovation, cultural preservation, and strengthening of systems geared to protect the vulnerable in our society.
Q. What does National Goal 2 “The Jamaican Society is Secure, Cohesive and Just” mean? A. Vision 2030 Jamaica will achieve the goal for the Jamaican society to be secure, cohesive and just when we realize the following National Outcomes: • Security and Safety • Effective Governance
This goal establishes the importance of a society that is safe, respects the rights of all, operates with a sense of shared values and offers justice and fair play in the eyes of its members.
Security and justice will only be attained and sustained in an environment in which human rights are respected and where there is consensus around a set of common values.
With respect to governance, many initiatives are being implemented by the government, private sector and civil society - individually and collectively, all seeking to meet the benchmarks of good governance.
Q. What does National Goal 3 “Jamaica’s Economy is Prosperous” mean?
A. Vision 2030 Jamaica creates a new paradigm for economic prosperity. It calls for a transformation of our economic development model from reliance on natural, financial and man-made capital forms to the higher forms of capital – institutional, knowledge, human and cultural. We will improve our productive capacity, market efficiency, business environment, and the international competitiveness of our sectors towards the achievement of meaningful job creation and inclusive and sustainable economic growth. Vision 2030 Jamaica will achieve the goal of a prosperous economy when we realize the following national outcomes: • A Stable Macroeconomy • An Enabling Business Environment • Strong Economic Infrastructure • Energy Security and Efficiency • A Technology-enabled Society • Internationally Competitive Industry Structures
Q. What does National Goal 4 “Jamaica has a Healthy Natural Environment” mean?
A. Our quality of life depends on the state of our natural environment. Under this goal, Vision 2030 Jamaica will focus on the effective management of the country’s natural resources to ensure the continued provision of essential environmental goods and services. Also this goal will focus on the development of a comprehensive integrated approach to hazard risk management and climate change; the implementation of strategies that foster innovative urban and regional planning (based on sustainability principles); facilitate the development of multisectoral and spatial linkages; and the identification and harnessing of the growth potential of each area, to create sustainable rural and urban communities. Jamaica will have a healthy natural environment when the following three national outcomes are realized: • Sustainable Management and Use of Environmental and Natural Resources • Hazard Risk Reduction and Adaptation to Climate Change • Sustainable Urban and Rural Development
Q. How is Vision 2030 Jamaica Implemented? A. Vision 2030 Jamaica is implemented through a series of Medium Term Socio -Economic Policy Frameworks (MTF), with each one covering a threeyear period. The MTF is aligned to the overall vision, goals and national outcomes of Vision 2030 Jamaica and allows for a stage by stage operationalization of the long-term National Development Plan. The 4th MTF, covering the period 2018-2021 will assist in moving Jamaica towards: “a secure and prosperous future for our people”. Q. Who is responsible for implementing Vision 2030 Jamaica? A. The implementation of Vision 2030 Jamaica started in 2009. The Plan is implemented by Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAS), NGOS and CBOS, the private sector and our International Development Partners. MDAS for example align Vision 2030 Jamaica into their corporate plans and budgets and many of the international agencies use the plan in the development of programmes and projects for Jamaica.
Q. Where do the resources come from to implement Vision 2030 Jamaica – How are we Financing our Development? A. Government budgets, private sector investments, community projects, international development partners and Jamaicans living abroad. Given that Vision 2030 Jamaica is a long-term plan, it is not practical to identify the total cost of implementation.
Q. Who is responsible for monitoring the implementation of Vision 2030 Jamaica? A. Vision 2030 Jamaica is monitored by the Vision 2030 Jamaica Secretariat housed in the PIOJ. The Secretariat prepares annual reports on the country’s overall development progress. The Secretariat also plays a lead role in helping organizations, align their own strategic plans with Vision 2030 Jamaica and provides impetus for the establishment and operations of Thematic Working Groups (TWGS). TWGS are consultative bodies whose functions include improving coordination, planning, implementation and monitoring of programmes and projects. Members are drawn from the public and private sectors, civil society, academia, and the private sector.
Q. Are we making progress under Vision 2030? A. Yes! Progress in the achievement of our national goals and outcomes is measured through the use of 67 national outcome indicators. These indicators signal the extent to which the implementation of strategic priorities under Vision 2030 Jamaica is achieving the intended results. The overall progress of implementation of Vision 2030 Jamaica since 2009 has been mixed. Over the period 2015 - 2018, Jamaica saw development gains in several areas including: • Human capital development • Macroeconomic stability • Reduction in unemployment • Increases in the use of non-fossil fuel based energy such as alternatives and renewables • Governance (control of corruption and government effectiveness) • Key economic industries particularly tourism and agriculture • Infrastructural development
Q. Is Vision 2030 Jamaica still relevant? A. Yes! Vision 2030 Jamaica: Is our country’s dynamic long-term national development plan and is able to address longterm sustainable development challenges such as climate change Is underpinned by strong consensus of a wide range of stakeholders and is built on, and supports highly participatory planning processes open to all stakeholders, including youth and children Has been benchmarked to regional and global best practices and is considered as a best practice in development planning in Latin America and the Caribbean Supports deepening integration with resultsbased planning, budgeting and monitoring and evaluation (M&E) processes in Government Is accepted and used by our international development partners as the basis for preparation of country programmes for Jamaica Is effectively aligned with the SDGS Is open to innovation and built on continuous improvement
Q. Is there a link between Vision 2030 Jamaica and the Sustainable Development Goals? A. The short answer is yes! The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS) are an interdependent set of 17 ‘broad and universal’ development goals with 169 targets, which represent consensus and an urgent call for action by all countries to achieve sustainable and inclusive development by 2030. Vision 2030 Jamaica is a plan for achieving sustainable development in Jamaica and like the
SDGS addresses the three dimensions of sustainability – social, economic and environmental. The SDGS are an agenda to advance - People, Planet, Prosperity, Peace and Partnership (5Ps). This is not dissimilar to the overarching vision for Jamaica and our national goals and outcomes as well as our country’s guiding principles. This landmark agreement envisions the creation of a better world that is free of poverty and underpinned by universal peace and where ‘no one is left behind’. “Vision 2030 Jamaica…advancing the achievement of the Sdgs…leaving no one behind”!
Q. How Will the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS) be achieved in Jamaica? A. Vision 2030 Jamaica serves as the axis around which efforts to achieve the SDGS in Jamaica will be organized. The United Nations has articulated that there is a 91 per cent alignment between Jamaica’s national development agenda (Vision 2030 Jamaica) and the SDGS.