The East African - - NEWS -

Eti­enne Tshisekedi, who died in Fe­bru­ary 2017, was the main op­po­nent of the late Mobutu Sese Seko in the then Zaire. He later agreed to work with Mobutu and be­came Prime Min­is­ter in 1997, at a time the Zairean leader was un­der pres­sure from Western pow­ers and mili­tia groups in the east led by Lau­rent Desire Ka­bila — the out­go­ing pres­i­dent’s fa­ther — to al­low mul­ti­party democ­racy. In 2011, Tshisekedi re­jected the re­sults where Joseph Ka­bila had been de­clared the win­ner. He later de­clared him­self the pres­i­dent, re­sult­ing in a po­lit­i­cal stand­off for al­most one year. Later, the late Tshisekedi agreed to work with Pres­i­dent Ka­bila in an ar­range­ment where he was set to take the top post in a tran­si­tional coun­cil, while Pres­i­dent Ka­bila was to leave power in 2017 and not run for a third term. After the 2016 elec­tions failed, Pres­i­dent Ka­bila ruled un­der a coali­tion in which seven op­po­si­tion par­ties joined his Peo­ple’s Party for Re­con­struc­tion and Democ­racy and with Bruno Tshibala as Prime Min­is­ter.

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