Arab Times

In Madagascar, fishermen plant mangroves for the future


A group of volunteers (also inset) replant dozens of mangrove propagules in a field near the village of Amboanio, Melaky Region in Madagascar on April 24, 2018. (AFP) Hunched over the soil, Malagasy villagers work feverishly — deft fingers planting stalks of mangrove to replace the swathes destroyed for firewood and building material.

In just two decades, Madagascar lost about a fifth of its mangrove forest area, exposing its coastline to the ocean’s ravages and shrinking the nursery grounds of crabs and shrimp — two key exports.

With sea levels forecast to rise further due to global warming, coastal villagers are rushing to try and undo the damage, with the help of conservati­on group WWF.

“The ocean keeps rising and rising, and it takes everything with it,” lamented 36-year-old crab fisherman Clement Joseph Rabenandra­sana, who travelled several kilometres (miles) from his home in Beanjavilo to Amboanio on the island’s west coast to volunteer in a two-day reforestat­ion drive.

Amboanio is a hamlet of about 50 people in the Melaky region, heavily dependent on aquacultur­e.

“The mangrove protects us,” said Rabenandra­sana, while conceding that: “I used to harvest mangrove for money” to augment a humble crabbing income which averages about 50-80 euros ($60-96) a month.

Rabenandra­sana and others on the Indian Ocean island used to sell mangrove wood for constructi­on beams, and used it themselves for cooking and heating, and to construct shelters.

“We realised too late the importance of this ecosystem,” said Eric Ramanitra of WWF, driving the project to sensitise locals to the mangrove’s indispensa­ble role.

Found in the world’s tropical and subtropica­l regions in more than 120 countries, mangroves serve not only as fish nurseries, but also filter water and shield coastal areas from the force of waves whipped up by cyclones.

“I didn’t know that fish lay their eggs in the mangrove,” said Samuel Razafimamo­njy, 59, another volunteer.

Mangroves also absorb and store large amounts of carbon dioxide — one of the greenhouse gases driving planet warming. (AFP)

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