CO2 emis­sions up 2.7pc this 2018, say sci­en­tists

‘Paris ac­cord goal in jeop­ardy’

Arab Times - - INTERNATIONAL WORLD NEWS ROUNDUP -

PARIS, Dec 6, (Agen­cies): Global emis­sions of car­bon diox­ide mainly from fos­sil fuel burn­ing will rise 2.7 per­cent in 2018, sci­en­tists said Wed­nes­day, sig­nalling a world “com­pletely off course” in the fight against cli­mate change.

Last year, CO2 pol­lu­tion in­creased by 1.6 per­cent after a three-year hia­tus that raised hopes man-made green­house gas emis­sions had fi­nally peaked de­spite an ex­pand­ing world econ­omy.

“This growth in global CO2 emis­sions puts the goals set out in the Paris Agree­ment in jeop­ardy,” lead author di­rec­tor of the Tyn­dall Cen­tre of Cli­mate Change Re­search at the Univer­sity of East Anglia, said in a state­ment.

“It is not enough to sup­port re­new­ables,” she added. “Ef­forts to de­car­bonise need to be ex­panded through­out the econ­omy.”

The find­ings, co-au­thored by a team of nearly 80 sci­en­tists, were pub­lished in the jour­nal Open Ac­cess Earth Sys­tem Sci­ence Data.

Rapid de­ploy­ment of so­lar and wind power, along with gains in en­ergy ef­fi­ciency, have been out­paced by growth in de­mand for freight, per­sonal trans­port, ship­ping, and avi­a­tion, the re­search showed.

The 2015 Paris cli­mate treaty calls for cap­ping global warm­ing at “well be­low” 2ºC (3.6ºF), a goal that sci­en­tists say could soon slip out of our grasp if planet-warm­ing con­tin­ues to climb.

Even a 2ºC ceil­ing above pre-in­dus­trial lev­els may not be enough to avoid cat­a­strophic im­pacts, the UN’s cli­mate sci­ence panel con­cluded in a land­mark re­port in Oc­to­ber.

A sin­gle de­gree of warm­ing to date has seen a rise in deadly heat­waves, droughts, floods, and su­per­storms made worse by ris­ing seas.

“Emis­sions will con­tinue to rise, rhetoric is in­creas­ing but am­bi­tion is not – we are com­pletely off course,” said co-author Glen Peters, re­search di­rec­tor at the Cen­tre for In­ter­na­tional Cli­mate and En­vi­ron­men­tal Re­search in Oslo.

“While there has been pos­i­tive progress on clean en­ergy and elec­tric ve­hi­cles, this is cur­rently too small to im­pact the on­ward march of fos­sil fu­els.”

Le Quere

NZ mil­i­tary braces for cli­mate bat­tle:

The New Zealand De­fense Force iden­ti­fied cli­mate change as one of its big­gest se­cu­rity chal­lenges Thurs­day, warn­ing that re­spond­ing to global warm­ing will in­creas­ingly stretch its re­sources.

The NZDF said the im­pact of cli­mate change in the neigh­bour­ing Pa­cific is­lands promised to be so ex­treme that pro­vid­ing hu­man­i­tar­ian as­sis­tance could limit its abil­ity to per­form its tra­di­tional de­fense roles.

“With the in­ten­si­fy­ing im­pacts of cli­mate change... New Zealand may be faced with con­cur­rent op­er­a­tional com­mit­ments, which could stretch re­sources and re­duce readi­ness for other re­quire­ments,” it said in a re­port ex­am­in­ing cli­mate’s im­pact on the mil­i­tary.

The NZDF has al­ready played a ma­jor part in help­ing Pa­cific is­land na­tions such as Van­u­atu and Fiji fol­low­ing dev­as­tat­ing cy­clones blamed on man-made global warm­ing.

The re­port said prob­lems in the Pa­cific would only worsen, bring­ing the po­ten­tial for food and wa­ter short­ages, land dis­putes aris­ing from cli­mate mi­gra­tion and more vi­o­lent storm dis­as­ters.

“When the ef­fects of cli­mate change in­ter­sect with a com­plex ar­ray of en­vi­ron­men­tal and so­cial is­sues, they can be a sig­nif­i­cant con­trib­u­tor to both low-level and more vi­o­lent con­flict,” it said.

“The se­cu­rity im­pli­ca­tions of cli­mate change are fur­ther mag­ni­fied in ar­eas deal­ing with weak gov­er­nance or cor­rup­tion.”

Cli­mate Change Min­is­ter James Shaw said the mil­i­tary’s role was chang­ing.

BC plans shift to clean en­ergy:

The Western Cana­dian prov­ince of Bri­tish Columbia on Wed­nes­day out­lined the first mea­sures it will take to cut car­bon emis­sions by 40 per­cent by 2030, in­clud­ing shift­ing homes and ve­hi­cles to clean or re­new­able en­ergy.

The prov­ince would still sup­port its nascent liq­ue­fied nat­u­ral gas in­dus­try, with the 68-page CleanBC plan call­ing for LNG firms to use the “green­est tech­nol­ogy avail­able.”

Some 75 per­cent of Bri­tish Columbia’s planned emis­sion cuts would be achieved by shift­ing homes, ve­hi­cles and in­dus­try off fos­sil fu­els and onto clean or re­new­able en­ergy, boost­ing en­ergy ef­fi­ciency, and by at­tract­ing low-car­bon in­vest­ment.

Bri­tish Columbia wants to cut car­bon emis­sions to 38.2 mil­lion tonnes by 2030, down 40 per­cent from 2007 lev­els, then drop­ping to 12.7 mil­lion tonnes by 2050.

One large LNG ex­port ter­mi­nal in the north­ern town of Kiti­mat is ex­pected to add some 3.45 mil­lion tonnes of car­bon to the prov­ince’s to­tal emis­sions once op­er­a­tions be­gin in the mid-2020s. A sec­ond smaller LNG plant north of Van­cou­ver is ex­pected to start con­struc­tion in the first quar­ter of 2019, with op­er­a­tions in 2023.

“We want to make sure Bri­tish Columbia is a des­ti­na­tion for in­vest­ment and in­dus­try that wants to come here and wants to lead the world with new tech­nolo­gies,” Pre­mier John Hor­gan told re­porters. “That in­cludes our tra­di­tional foun­da­tional in­dus­tries like min­ing, forestry and nat­u­ral gas.”

Bri­tish Columbia last month said it would phase out the sale of new non-elec­tric ve­hi­cles in the prov­ince by 2040, a bold mea­sure aimed at get­ting car­bon emit­ting cars and light-duty trucks off the road.

In ad­di­tion, the prov­ince said it would speed up the tran­si­tion to cleaner fu­els at the pump, in­clud­ing hy­dro­gen and LNG for use in trans­port. It said all new homes and build­ings must be low-car­bon by 2032 and said it will ramp up fund­ing for retrofits of older build­ings.

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