Tips to save elec­tric­ity and money

Lesotho Times - - Property -

BY us­ing en­ergy wisely, you’ll help to keep your monthly util­ity costs down - this is called de­mand-side man­age­ment.

In ad­di­tion to the cost im­pli­ca­tions, the grow­ing pop­u­la­tion and ac­com­pa­ny­ing de­mands on our en­ergy re­sources have a se­vere im­pact on the coun­try’s nat­u­ral re­sources. The en­vi­ron­ment will ben­e­fit from the ef­fi­cient use of en­ergy.

For ex­am­ple, ev­ery kilo­watt-hour (kwh) of elec­tric­ity saved means one less kilo­gram of car­bon diox­ide gen­er­ated by a power sta­tion.

Be­low are tips ev­ery house­hold can use to save en­ergy and money: Gey­sers 1. Set your elec­tri­cal geyser’s ther­mo­stat at 55 ° C to 60 ° C. To save en­ergy, make sure the geyser and all hot wa­ter steel pipes in the roof are well in­su­lated with fi­bre­glass or news­pa­per. 2. So­lar heat­ing units could re­duce the geyser’s elec­tric­ity con­sump­tion by 40% to 50%. This would re­sult in a sav­ings of about 200kwh to 250kwh of elec­tric­ity per month, de­pend­ing on the num­ber of gey­sers and the size of the fam­ily. Lights 3. Switch off the lights when they are not needed. 4. Use fewer bulbs with higher wattages. For in­stance, one 100 watt bulb pro­duces the same light as two 60 watt bulbs. 5. Dim­ming switches re­duce elec­tric­ity con­sump­tion. 6. Use com­pact flu­o­res­cent lamps (CFL) in­stead of or­di­nary bulbs. 7. Use low-en­ergy lamps for ex­te­rior light­ing. Heat­ing 8. Use the cor­rect heaters. In­frared elec­tric­ity heaters are the most en­ergy ef­fi­cient heaters avail­able while oil heaters are the safest. 9. In­su­late the ceil­ing and seal air gaps in the home. 10. En­sure that heaters have ther­mostats. 11. Use elec­tric blan­kets but turn them off when in bed. Dish­washer 12. Fill the dish­washer com­pletely be­fore op- er­at­ing it. 13. Turn off the dish­washer be­fore the dry­ing cy­cle so that you can wipe the dishes clean with a dry cloth. 14. Con­nect the dish­washer to the cold wa­ter sup­ply. 15. Clean fil­ters. 16. When buy­ing a dish­washer, look for en­ergy sav­ing fea­tures like a short wash cy­cle. 17. In­stall your dish­washer away from your re­frig­er­a­tor. The dish­washer’s heat and mois­ture make the re­frig­er­a­tor work harder. Tumble Dry­ers 18. Tumble dry­ers that op­er­ate with an elec­tronic hu­mid­ity con­trol are the most ef­fi­cient as they au­to­mat­i­cally shut off the dry­ing cy­cle when clothes are dry. 19. Use cor­rect tem­per­a­ture set­tings to min­imise the amount of elec­tric­ity used. 20. Re­move wa­ter be­fore putting clothes into the tumble dryer. 21. On sunny days, take the op­por­tu­nity to dry your clothes out­side. Au­to­matic wash­ing ma­chines 22. A front load­ing wash­ing ma­chine uses less wa­ter and costs less to op­er­ate. 232. Use the warm wa­ter set­ting to cut down on elec­tric­ity needed to heat the wa­ter. 24. Make sure you have a full load be­fore wash­ing. 25. Select the short­est pos­si­ble wash­ing pro­gramme. 26. Cold wa­ter de­ter­gents re­duce elec­tric­ity con­sump­tion. Stoves 27. Use pres­sure cook­ers when pre­par­ing food that takes a long time to cook. 28. Match pots and pans to stove plates. Small pots on large plates waste elec­tric­ity. 29. Do not use pots with dis­torted bot­toms. 30. Switch off the plates or oven be­fore food is fully cooked. This al­lows you to fin­ish your cook­ing with­out us­ing en­ergy. 31. Keep oven doors closed un­til food is cooked. 32. Do not pre­heat the oven. It isn’t nec­es­sary to pre­heat the oven ex­cept for food re­quir­ing high tem­per­a­tures and slow cook­ing times.

IN­FRARED elec­tric­ity heaters are the most en­ergy ef­fi­cient heaters avail­able while oil heaters are the safest.

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