Production is expected to be lower than 2016/2017 production year. This is expected to result in increased level of food insecurity in the country. However, the results of the crop forecast will provide the projected figures for the food situation in 2018/19 consumption year. Moreover, seeds availability might also be affected in 2018/19 planting season as most households depend on the previous year’s production for seed.
Prices of staple food are expected to remain stable due to expected normal production and stocks from previous harvest in South Africa (SADC food security update March 2018). This is because Lesotho imports about three quarters of the staple needs from South Africa hence a decrease in production cannot drive the demand significantly enough to affect prices.
Most households will depend on purchases for their staple needs and it is anticipated that food commodities will be readily available from the markets. The integrated markets in the country as well as availability of cereal stocks for exports in South Africa justify the sustainable supply of cereals to the communities.
Livestock and rangelands conditions are average due to recent rainfall but are not expected to recover fully; hence there is a very high likelihood that animal feed might become a problem especially after the winter season when the country normally receives decreased amounts of rainfall. Recently, water situation was no longer stressed compared to the previous months when livestock had to travel longer distances for drinking water.