TURBOCHARGE YOUR VOCABULARY
intelligible clear enough to be easily understood: She spoke so softly and so rapidly that what she said was scarcely intelligible to us. involved complicated, difficult to understand: It is such a long novel with such an involved plot that it took me a long time to read it. involved also means taking part in something connected with something: Pam is very much involved in the local music society.
jargon language used by people working in a particular area which is often rather technical or specialised and which is not easily understood by other people: The two lawyers were discussing the case, but I didn’t understand their legal jargon. jargon is also used of language which is used to try to make the speaker or writer seem clever, more knowledgeable, etc. than they really are, but which is unnecessarily difficult to understand and frequently meaningless: Jim is writing a report which is full of jargon because he thinks it will impress the new manager, but in fact, she said that she wanted everything written in plain English. long-winded writing or speaking at too great a length; using too many words: The lecturer was so long-winded that we were all very bored. obscure difficult to understand because it is not clearly expressed: This obscure document does not help us to understand the problem. pretentious trying to give the appearance of being grander, more important, more intelligent than is actually the case; to try and impress someone: Sara behaved in a very pretentious way when she met her fiance’s parents for the first time. rambling
1. of a piece of writing or speech, too long and confused, with several changes of subject: Jim was asked to give a short after-dinner speech, but instead he told a rambling story which no one understood.
2. with reference to a building, spreading out in various directions over a wide area, without any particular shape or plan
3. with reference to a plant, growing or climbing in many different directions straightforward simple, easy to understand: You will find the instructions for the sewing machine quite straightforward. \ straightforward, when used of a person, means honest and open: Jack is likely to try and deceive you, but his brother Tom is completely straightforward. technical connected with industry or applied science: We hope to make several technical improvements to the factory production system. We’ve had some technical problems with the new computer. technical also means connected with a particular subject or job and therefore not easily understood by people who do not work at it: The report contained a lot of financial technical terms which I did not understand. terminology the special words and expressions used in connection with a particular subject: I didn’t understand what the doctor wrote because he used a lot of medical terminology. verbose using or containing more words than are necessary: Your explanation was far too verbose; please just state the facts.
Read the passage and definitions carefully and answer the following questions.
1. Rewrite the following sentence, replacing the words in bold with a verb:
It is difficult to comprehend Mark’a attitude to his family.
2. The people with whom you work can be called by workmates, which is quite an informal word. From the passage write down a more formal word for this.
3. Rewrite the following sentence, replacing the words in bold with a word:
Mike likes to show people how modern he is and is always using all the latest fashionable and popular words in his lectures; most of the audience don’t understand them.
4. What noun in the passage is from the same word family as brief?
5. Rewrite the following sentence, replacing the words in bold with an adjective:
It is taking me a long time to read the students’ essays; some of them are so long and confused and wander from subject to subject.
6. Write down a word which means the opposite of involved as used in the passage.
7. Rewrite the following sentence, replacing the words in bold with a noun:
Each year the managers have to write a document giving information on the progress of the members of their departments.
8. Rewrite the following sentence, replacing the words in bold with a noun:
Many poor people who are in need of aid from the state do not apply for it because the application forms are full of official, complicated and obscure language.
9. Long-winded can mean using too many words; write down from the passage which also means this.
10. Rewrite the following sentence, replacing the words in bold with a noun:
I promised Mark that I would translate this article for him, but it is about medical research and I don’t understand the special words and phrases connected with it.