Gam­bling fig­ures are es­ca­lat­ing

The Borneo Post - Good English - - News -

A RATHER wor­ry­ing statis­tic shows that, in some coun­tries, gam­bling is the fastest grow­ing leisure pur­suit. It ap­pears that many peo­ple like to bet and are pre­pared to gam­ble on ev­ery­thing from horse rac­ing to bingo to staterun lot­ter­ies.

Some peo­ple gam­ble only oc­ca­sion­ally. For ex­am­ple, they may choose al­ways to have a flut­ter on a horse of their choice in a par­tic­u­lar race ev­ery year, some­times at­tend­ing the race meet­ing and some­times go­ing to a bet­ting shop. For the rest of the year, they sim­ply do not give horserac­ing a thought and never go near a book­maker’s.

There again, a group of friends might oc­ca­sion­ally spend an evening at a casino to try their luck at roulette, but stop be­fore they spend more than they in­tended.

A popular pas­time, es­pe­cially with some older ladies, is to at­tend a bingo hall to see if they can hit the jack­pot by hav­ing all the num­bers on their cards called. Most of them think of it as just a bit of fun.

Doing the foot­ball pools is a com­mon form of house­hold gam­bling. Peo­ple fill out foot­ball coupons by pre­dict­ing the re­sult of var­i­ous foot­ball matches and send them off to the pools com­pany run­ning the scheme. ad­dic­tion the con­di­tion of be­ing un­able to stop doing or us­ing some­thing, es­pe­cially some­thing harm­ful: Liz has gone to a clinic to get help with her al­co­hol ad­dic­tion. ad­dic­tion hav­ing an ad­dic­tion to some­thing: The teenager is al­ready ad­dicted to nico­tine. ad­dict a per­son who suf­fers from an ad­dic­tion: Mary has been a drug ad­dict since she was a teenager. bet to risk a sum of money on the un­known re­sult of some­thing such as a horse race, by try­ing to pre­dict this and so win money: He bet $100 on a horse owned by his fa­ther, but it came in last. bet John was sure that Alice would ar­rive last, but he lost the bet. bet­ting shop (same as book­maker’s) a shop where you can place bets on a horse race or other events: He loves gam­bling and spends all his money in a lo­cal bet­ting shop. bingo a game in which each player is given a card with num­bers on it and num­bers are then called out at ran­dom, the aim of the game bring to match the num­ber on the card with the num­ber called out, with the per­son who is first to match all the num­bers win­ning a prize.

Then there are the var­i­ous na­tional lot­ter­ies. In or­der to win one of these, and the odds are of­ten ex­tremely high, some­one has to have pur­chased a lot­tery ticket which bears the same num­ber as the one of­fi­cially se­lected as the win­ning num­bers. Lot­ter­ies are of­ten in aid of good causes and so peo­ple do not usu­ally see much gam­bling as a vice.

Gam­bling can be a harm­less form of en­ter­tain­ment, but it can lead to a se­ri­ous form of ad­dic­tion. There are many com­pul­sive gam­blers who sim­ply can­not stop them­selves from plac­ing bets and bring ruin on them­selves and their fam­i­lies.

The only thing for them to do is to give up gam­bling al­to­gether. For them, there is no such thing as the oc­ca­sional flut­ter. Help is avail­able from or­gan­i­sa­tions such as Gam­blers Anony­mous, but first they must try to help them­selves. book­maker’s the shop of a book­maker, a per­son who ac­cepts bets and pays out money to peo­ple who win; Jack went to the book­maker’s to col­lect his win­nings.

casino a pub­lic place where gam­bling game, such as card games and roulette, take place: The casino is a pri­vate club and only mem­bers may gam­ble there. com­pul­sive 1. un­able to stop be­ing some­one; un­able to stop be­hav­ing like some­one: Adam is a com­pul­sive liar; don’t be­lieve any­thing he says. Sara is a com­pul­sive shop­per. 2. un­able to stop doing some­thing: John’s com­pul­sive gam­bling has left him pen­ni­less. es­ca­late to be­come, or cause to be, greater, more in­tense, more se­ri­ous, etc: The scale of the flood­ing prob­lem es­ca­lated when it started to rain again. There are fears that this at­tack will es­ca­late the war. flut­ter (in­for­mal) a small bet on some­thing: Mum’s lit­tle flut­ter on the 4D lot­tery won her RM250. foot­ball coupon (also coupon) an en­try form for foot­ball pools which lists foot­ball matches so that peo­ple can pre­dict the re­sults: Al­though Jim filled in the foot­ball coupon, he for­got to post it. foot­ball pools (also pools) a form of gam­bling in Bri­tain in which peo­ple try to win money by try­ing to pre­dict the re­sult of var­i­ous foot­ball matches: Jack’s won the pools and given up his job. gam­ble to risk money on some­thing in the hope of win­ning more money, es­pe­cially to take part in games of chance, such as card games or roulette, or to place bets on horse races, etc. I don’t know why Pete gam­bles be­cause he al­ways loses. Gam­blers Anony­mous an or­gan­i­sa­tion which pro­vides help and sup­port for peo­ple who are ad­dicted to gam­bling and are try­ing to give it up, sim­i­lar to Al­co­holics Anony­mous, an or­gan­i­sa­tion which helps peo­ple who are ad­dicted to al­co­hol: Frank des­per­ately wants to stop gam­bling and has joined Gam­blers Anony­mous. good cause some­thing, such as a char­ity, which de­serves help: The money from the ap­peal is go­ing to chil­dren’s char­i­ties and other good causes. jack­pot to win the most valu­able prize in a competition, such as a game of chance: Anna cer­tainly won the jack­pot; she won the Na­tional Lot­tery out­right. hit the jack­pot (fig­u­ra­tive) to have great suc­cess or luck in some­thing: Matt cer­tainly hit the jack­pot when he in­vested money in Jill’s firm; it’s just been bought over for sev­eral mil­lion dol­lars. leisure pur­suit some­thing which you do when you are not at work and can enjoy your­self, a hobby, a pas­time: Mary’s favourite leisure pur­suit is hill-walk­ing. lot­tery a large-scale game of chance, usu­ally or­gan­ised by a gov­ern­ment or char­ity, to raise money for pub­lic causes, in which num­bered tick­ets are sold and a draw is held to se­lect the win­ning num­bers: He­len does the Na­tional Lot­tery ev­ery week and chooses the same num­bers. try your luck at to do some­thing that in­volves chance or some risk, in the hope of win­ning or suc­ceed­ing: I tried my luck at mahjong last night, but I lost a lot of money. odds plu­ral the like­li­hood or prob­a­bil­ity that some­thing will oc­cur: The odds are that we will fail. against all the odds ex­tremely un­ex­pect­edly: Against all the odds the cancer pa­tient re­cov­ered. race meet­ing a se­ries of horse races run on the same course on the same day or over sev­eral suc­ces­sive days: This is the last race meet­ing of the sea­son. roulette a gam­bling game in which a ball is rolled on to a mov­ing hor­i­zon­tal wheel di­vided into a num­ber of num­bered and coloured com­part­ments, with play­ers bet­ting on which com­part­ment the ball will be in when the wheel stops. statis­tic a piece of in­for­ma­tion from a col­lec­tion of data, shown in num­bers: An alarm­ing statis­tic is that the num­ber of ac­ci­dents on that road has in­creased by 30 per cent in the past two years. *sta­tis­tics plu­ral a col­lec­tion of data shown in num­bers and based on the num­ber of times some­thing hap­pens: I don’t know the ex­act sta­tis­tics, but women still live longer than men.

An­swer the fol­low­ing ques­tions.

1. Give an­other name for bet­ting shop.

2. Rewrite the fol­low­ing sen­tence, re­plac­ing the words in bold with a plu­ral noun:

The prob­a­bil­ity is that the event will be can­celled be­cause of the rain.

3. What is the name of the or­gan­i­sa­tion which helps peo­ple who are ad­dicted to al­co­hol?

4. Rewrite the fol­low­ing sen­tence, re­plac­ing the words in bold with a two-word noun: There are a great many char­i­ties and other or­gan­i­sa­tions which de­serve help, but I have very lit­tle money and can only give do­na­tions to a few of them.

5. Give an in­for­mal form of the noun book­maker.

6. Rewrite the fol­low­ing sen­tence, re­plac­ing the words in bold with a phrase:

Very un­ex­pect­edly, Jim won first prize in the competition; he had only re­cently started to play the game.

7. Com­plete the fol­low­ing sen­tence:

I want to buy some bread and cake; I am go­ing to the ...........................

8. Rewrite the fol­low­ing sen­tence, re­plac­ing the words in bold with a phrase:

Bill was much the best poker player there and it was no sur­prise when he won most money.

9. Rewrite the fol­low­ing sen­tence, re­plac­ing the words in bold with a plu­ral: Numer­i­cal data based on Sara’s re­search re­vealed that 75 per cent of peo­ple in that area are house own­ers.

10. Write down the full form of the word coupon when it is con­cerned with gam­bling.

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