KNOW THE MEAN­ING

The Borneo Post - Good English - - Short Story Section -

keep one’s/some­one’s grind­stone to work very hard without stop­ping or make (some­one) work very hard without stop­ping: I’ll have to keep my nose to the grind­stone if I’m go­ing to fin­ish re­pair­ing the car to­day. The new teacher be­lieves in keep­ing her pupils’ noses to the grind­stone and al­ways give them lots of home­work. pull one’s weight to do one’s share of a task: We have to get all the lug­gage packed up by tonight and so we’ll all have to pull our weight. for noth­ing without pay­ment: We did all the gar­den­ing for noth­ing - the landowner didn’t give us a penny. pay (some­one) peanuts to pay (some­one) very lit­tle money: James works in a ply­wood fac­tory and he’s be­ing paid peanuts. look a gift horse in the mouth to com­plain about some­thing that one has been given: You shouldn’t com­plain about the job your neigh­bour gave you - jobs are scarce and you shouldn’t look a gift horse in the mouth. not to do a stroke to do no work whatsover: Joe is be­ing paid to look af­ter the gar­den but so far he hasn’t done a stroke. play havoc with (some­thing) to cause a great deal of dam­age to (some­thing), to ruin (some­thing):

The earth­quake played havoc with the min­is­te­rial sum­mit this year. pull strings to use per­sonal in­flu­ence or power to gain some kind of ad­van­tage: Alan's fa­ther might have pul­lied a few strings to get him a job in the law firm - he’s a so­lic­i­tor. give (some­one/some­thing) a wide berth to avoid hav­ing con­tact with (some­one or some­thing): The Bayangs ad­vised their son to give the boy next door a wide berth - he had been ar­rested for tak­ing drugs. a bed of roses (usu­ally found in neg­a­tive con­struc­tions) a very easy and pleas­ant sit­u­a­tion: I know you're hav­ing a hard time work­ing in this fac­tory, but my job isn't ex­actly a bed of roses. nose to the

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