Pos­sess­ing, giv­ing and lend­ing

The Borneo Post - Good English - - News -

A. Pos­ses­sion

All his pos­ses­sions were de­stroyed in the ter­ri­ble fire. (ev­ery­thing he owned; al­ways plu­ral in this mean­ing)

Don’t leave any of your be­long­ings here; we’ve had a few thefts re­cently. (smaller things, e.g. bag, cam­era, coat; al­ways plu­ral)

Es­tate in the sin­gu­lar can mean a big area of pri­vate land and the build­ings on it, or all of some­one’s wealth upon death.

She owns a huge es­tate in Scot­land. (land, etc.)

Af­ter his death, his es­tate was cal­cu­lated at three mil­lion. (all his wealth) Prop­erty (un­count­able) is used in a gen­eral sense for houses, land, etc.

He’s only four­teen; he is too young to own prop­erty.

A prop­erty (count­able) is a build­ing, e.g. house, of­fice-block.

She just bought a very nice prop­erty near the town-cen­tre.

B. Words for peo­ple con­nected with own­er­ship

The pro­pri­etor of this restau­rant is a friend of mine. (used for shops, busi­ness etc. The owner would be less for­mal)

The land­lord/lady’s put the rent up. (owner of rented prop­erty) Do you own this house? No we’re just ten­ants. (we rent it)

C. Giv­ing The river pro­vides the vil­lage with wa­ter/ pro­vides wa­ter for the vil­lage. (or sup­plies) Would you like to con­trib­ute/do­nate some­thing to the chil­dren’s hos­pi­tal fund? Jakes Ltd. sup­plies our school with pa­per and other items. (of­ten for ‘sell­ing’ con­text) It gives me plea­sure to present you with this clock from us all.

The school restau­rant caters for 500 peo­ple every day.

That un­cle of mine that died left RM3,000 to a dogs’ home.

When she died she do­nated all her books to the li­brary. (for large gifts to in­sti­tu­tions)

You’ve been al­lo­cated room 24. Here’s your key.

D. Lend­ing, etc.

We’ve de­cided to hire/rent a car. Can you rec­om­mend a good car hire/car-rental firm? ( rent and hire are both com­monly used) We’d like to rent a flat in Be­tong for six months. (not hire) We’ve hired the lec­ture-room for a day. (not rent; short, tem­po­rary ar­range­ments)

Re­mem­ber: when you lend, you give, when you bor­row, you re­ceive. That step-lad­der you lent me last week, could I bor­row it again? I’m try­ing to get a loan from the bank to buy a boat.

Ex­er­cises

I) What ques­tions do you think were asked to get these an­swer?

1. Oh no, we own it. Most houses here are owner-oc­cu­pied. ......................................................................................................................

2. Well, sorry, no; I need it to take pho­tos my­self. ......................................................................................................................

3. You will be in Room 44B. It’s quite a big of­fice. ......................................................................................................................

4. No, you have to buy ex­er­cise books and pens your­self. ......................................................................................................................

5. Ac­tu­ally, I’ve al­ready given some­thing. Sorry. ......................................................................................................................

6. Oh, just a small house with a gar­den, you know, typ­i­cal. ......................................................................................................................

7. Yes, the charge is RM500 for one that seats 30 peo­ple. ......................................................................................................................

II) The verbs in the mid­dle col­umn have been jum­bled. Put them in their right sen­tences.

1. A mil­lion­aire pro­vided a swim­ming pool to the

2. The Direc­tor was pre­sented school.

3. My mother’s coun­sin do­nated the best park­ing-place

4. A farmer nearby catered me RM5,000 in her will

5. When I re­tired they left us with logs for the fire

6. The restau­rant al­lo­cated me with a cam­corder

IV) Think of some­thing that ...

1. you would hand over to a mug­ger if threat­ened................

2. has been handed down in your fam­ily ................

3. you have given away at some time in your life. ................

4. is of­ten given out in class­rooms. ................

5. you value and would not want to let go of . ................

III) Some phrasal verbs con­nected with ‘giv­ing’. Check their mean­ing in a dic­tio­nary and then fill the gaps be­low. hand over give out let go of give away hand down

1. That bed has been ................ in the fam­ily. It was my great­grand­mother’s orig­i­nally.

2. Would you help us ................ some leaflets in the shop­ping-cen­tre?

3. I don’t want to ................ that old paint­ing. It might be valu­able one day.

4. When Tim’s bike got too small for him we ................ it ................; it wasn’t worth try­ing to sell it, too much bother.

5. The land­lord will ................ the keys as soon as you pay the de­posit and the first month’s rent.

V) The rise and fall of Mr Fat­catt - a sad story. Fill the gaps with suit­able words.

Ho­race Fat­catt be­gan his ca­reer by buy­ing up old ................ (1) in Lon­don when prices were low. He got ................ (2) from sev­eral banks to fi­nance his deals, and soon he was of the big­gest pri­vate ................ (3) in the city, with some 3,000 ................ (4) rent­ing houses and flats from him. He was also the ................ (5) of many shops and busi­nesses. He be­came very rich and bought him­self a huge ................ (6) in Scot­land, but he ................ (7) more and more money from the banks and soon the bub­ble burst. Re­ces­sion came and he had to sell all his ................ (8) ................ (9), ev­ery­thing. He was left with just a few per­sonal ................ (10) and fi­nally died pen­ni­less.

I) Sug­gested ques­tions:

1. Do you rent this house?

2. Could I pos­si­bly bor­row your cam­era? Would you lend me your cam­era?

3. Which room have I been al­lo­cated?

4. Does the school pro­vide ex­er­cise books and things?

5. Would you like to con­trib­ute to our col­lec­tion for the dis­abled?

6. What sort of prop­erty do you have/live in/own?

7. Is it/pos­si­ble to hire a room for a meet­ing?

II)

1. The mil­lion­aire do­nated a swim­ming pool to the school.

2. The Direc­tor was al­lo­cated the best park­ing­place.

3. My mother’s cousin left me RM5,000 in her will.

4. A farmer nearby pro­vided us with logs for the fire.

5. When I re­tired they pre­sented me with a cam­corder.

6. The restau­rant catered for veg­e­tar­i­ans.

III)

1. handed down 2. give out 3. let go of

4. gave ... away 5. hand over

IV)

1. your wal­let/hand­bag/money

2. jew­ellery/fur­ni­ture

3. a book/a pic­ture of some­one

4. hand-out/tests

5. an an­tique/a set of books

V)

1. prop­er­ties

2. loans

3. land­lords

4. ten­ants

5. owner/pro­pri­etor

6. es­tate

7. bor­rowed

8. prop­er­ties

9. pos­ses­sions

10. be­long­ings/pos­ses­sions

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Malaysia

© PressReader. All rights reserved.