Des­per­ately seek­ing asy­lum

The Borneo Post - Good English - - News -

A TRAIN bound from France to Bri­tain has been found to have a fam­ily of asy­lum seek­ers on it. The asy­lum seek­ers, how­ever, were not or­di­nary train pas­sen­gers since they had trav­elled not in the car­riages, but un­der­neath the train.

Trav­el­ling in such a way was, of course, ex­tremely dan­ger­ous and is an in­di­ca­tion of how des­per­ate some refugees are to em­i­grate to an­other coun­try. Un­for­tu­nately for the asy­lum seek­ers, it is the pol­icy of many coun­tries to have a re­stric­tion on the num­ber and na­ture of im­mi­grants al­lowed in. Thus, a great many asy­lum seek­ers travel in se­cret, ei­ther be­ing smug­gled in on lor­ries or boats, or be­com­ing stow­aways on planes, ships or trains. Such ac­tion is against the im­mi­gra­tion laws and causes those ar­riv­ing il­le­gally to be known as il­le­gal im­mi­grants.

Some of the asy­lum seek­ers are seek­ing po­lit­i­cal asy­lum be­cause their safety is un­der threat in their own coun­tries, as a re­sult of their po­lit­i­cal be­liefs. Oth­ers are re­ally eco­nomic refugees, who are seek­ing a bet­ter stan­dard of liv­ing for them­selves and their fam­i­lies.

Eco­nomic refugees are usu­ally less wel­come than the seek­ers of po­lit­i­cal asy­lum, since many coun­tries fear that too many im­mi­grants, par­tic­u­larly un­skilled ones, are likely to in­crease both their lev­els of un­em­ploye­ment and the amount of money spent to ben­e­fit. For this rea­son, many asy­lum seek­ers falsely claim to be do­ing so on po­lit­i­cal grounds and have been called bo­gus asy­lum seek­ers.

Asy­lum seek­ers are of­ten ex­ploited by peo­ple who wish to make money out of the sit­u­a­tion. These prof­i­teers may pro­vide the asy­lum seek­ers with false pass­ports or with il­le­gal trans­port.Their jour­neys are of­ten ex­tremely un­com­fort­able and of­ten they are un­suc­cess­ful.

Life for those who do suc­ceed in get­ting into an­other coun­try is not easy. In some coun­tries, they are put in re­cep­tion cen­tres, which are some­times no bet­ter than de­ten­tion cen­tres, while their ap­pli­ca­tions for en­try are pro­cessed. If they are given ac­com­mo­da­tion in towns and ci­ties, they usu­ally do not have enough money to live on and are some­times the vic­tims of racist at­tacks.

DEF­I­NI­TIONS

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asy­lum (also po­lit­i­cal sys­tem) pro­tec­tion given by a govern­ment to peo­ple from an­other coun­try who have left it be­cause their lives were in dan­ger, of­ten be­cause of their po­lit­i­cal be­liefs: The new pres­i­dents is a very cruel man and many of his op­po­nents are seek­ing asy­lum abroad. asy­lum seeker a per­son who asks for po­lit­i­cal asy­lum in an­other coun­try ben­e­fit (also called state ben­e­fit) money given by a govern­ment to some­one who is in need of fi­nan­cial help be­cause they can­not find work or be­cause they are un­able to work be­cause of ill­ness, etc: ben­e­fit more gen­er­ally means some­thing that is good for you or has a good ef­fort on you in some way, an ad­van­tage bo­gus not gen­uine, although pre­tend­ing to be so, false: He said that he was the dead man’s long-lost nephew, but his claim was bo­gus. de­ten­tion cen­tre a place where peo­ple are kept by the au­thor­i­ties and pre­vented from leav­ing, of­ten a place where young peo­ple who have com­mit­ted of­fences are kept to some time by or­der of a court: When Rob com­mit­ted the crime he was too young to go to prison and so he was sent to a de­ten­tion cen­tre. de­tain to keep some­one some­where, of­ten of­fi­cially, and pre­vent them from leav­ing. He was de­tained overnight in a po­lice cell. de­tain (for­mal) also means to de­lay some­one eco­nomic refugee a per­son who comes to an­other coun­try in or­der to im­prove their liv­ing con­di­tions, rather than be­cause they are in need of po­lit­i­cal asy­lum: It is of­ten dif­fi­cult for asy­lum seek­ers to prove that their lives were in dan­ger in their own coun­try and they are not sim­ply eco­nomic refugees. em­i­grate to leave your na­tive coun­try and go and live per­ma­nently in an­other coun­try: Pam’s par­ents em­i­grated to Peru be­cause they couldn’t find work at home in Venezuela. em­i­grant a per­son who em­i­grates: A shipload of em­i­grants were leav­ing Bri­tain for Canada. ex­ploit 1. to treat some­one un­fairly for your own per­sonal gain or ad­van­tage: The man­ager knows that jobs are scarce and he ex­ploits the young work­ers by mak­ing them work long hours for low pay.

2. to use or de­velop some­thing, espe­cially so as to gain as much ad­van­tage from it as pos­si­ble: By ex­ploit­ing their re­sources skil­fully, Bob and Laura were able to con­tinue in busi­ness. il­le­gal im­mi­grant a per­son who tries to come and live per­ma­nently in a coun­try with­out hav­ing le­gal per­mis­sion to do so: The restau­rant em­ploys il­le­gal im­mi­grants as kitchen staff and pays them very low wages. im­mi­grant (of­ten used as an ad­jec­tive) a per­son who comes to live per­ma­nently in a coun­try, hav­ing left their na­tive coun­try to do so: Some of the im­mi­grants were met by rel­a­tives as they came off the ship. im­mi­gra­tion the act of com­ing to live per­ma­nently in a coun­try hav­ing left your na­tive coun­try prof­i­teer a per­son who makes a great deal of money in an un­fair way, for ex­am­ple, by charg­ing more for goods than they are worth by charg­ing more for goods than they are worth be­cause they are dif­fi­cult to get

Dur­ing the war, food was very scarce and there were many prof­i­teers. racist show­ing racism; con­nected with racism re­cep­tion cen­tre a place which pro­vides tem­po­rary ac­com­mo­da­tion for peo­ple who are in need of some­where to live un­til per­ma­nent ac­com­mo­da­tion can be found: Flood vic­tims are be­ing taken to a re­cep­tion cen­tre in the next town. refugee a per­son who leaves their own coun­try or home be­cause they are seek­ing pro­tec­tion from war or pro­tec­tion from at­tack, be­cause of their polit­cal or re­li­gious be­liefs or be­cause they are home­less and in need of food and cloth­ing: Fol­low­ing the floods, many thou­sands were made home­less and the govern­ment had to set up refugee camps. refuge a place of shel­ter or pro­tec­tion; shel­ter or pro­tec­tion: We were seek­ing refuge from the storm when we found the barn. smug­gle to bring some­thing or some­one into or out of a coun­try or place se­cretly and of­ten il­le­gally: I didn't want my daugh­ter to see her present so I had to smug­gle it up­stairs. stan­dard of liv­ing (also liv­ing stan­dard) the level of wealth or com­fort that a per­son, group, coun­try, etc: The fam­ily's stan­dard of liv­ing had been greatly re­duced since their fa­ther lost his job. stow­away a per­son who hides on a ve­hi­cle, plane or ship, hop­ing to be taken some­where with­out hav­ing to pay: When the lorry driver got off the ferry, he found two stow­aways in the back of his ve­hi­cle.

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