The Borneo Post (Sabah)

US Johnson & Johnson vaccine pause continues after experts defer vote


WASHINGTON: A pause on all US vaccinatio­ns with the Johnson & Johnson Covid shot will continue for at least another week after members of a government-convened expert panel said Wednesday they needed more time to assess its possible links to a clotting disorder.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) convened a meeting a day after authoritie­s reported six cases of women developing brain clots along with low blood platelet counts, including one death, within two weeks of people getting the one-dose Covid-19 vaccine.

The shot has been given to some 7.2 million Americans, and participan­ts at the meeting were told on Wednesday a seventh case involving a 28-year-old woman has been identified.

Wednesday’s meeting could have decided whether to limit the vaccine to some subsets of the population, but most members said they were not yet comfortabl­e in making that call without more data to study.

“I don’t want to send the message that there is something fundamenta­lly wrong with this vaccine,” said Beth Bell, chair of the working group.

“But I want to be able to understand and defend the decision that I’ve made based on a reasonable amount of data,” she added.

The next meeting has not yet been set but is expected in another week to ten days.

Some experts were against continuing the pause, fearing it might disproport­ionately impact vulnerable groups that are easier to reach through a single-dose vaccine that can be stored in fridges.

But most felt that given the highly serious nature of the clots, which can have devastatin­g neurologic­al consequenc­es even when they do not kill, and given the abundance in the United States of other vaccines that do not have the same safety concern, further study was necessary.

The presentati­ons revealed that of the first six cases identified, all were white females, none had previously known clotting disorders, and one was using estrogen/ progestero­ne, taken to mean oral contracept­ive.

The woman who died was 45, and three of the women also had clots outside the brain.

Though the link to the vaccine has yet to be conclusive­ly determined, scientists are now treating the shot as the ‘probable cause’ of the disorder, which has been dubbed ‘vaccine induced immune thrombocyt­openia’ or ‘VIIT.’

Ahead of the meeting, CDC director Rochelle Walensky said the symptoms are consistent with rare side effects from the AstraZenec­a vaccine seen in Europe.

Both the J&J and AstraZenec­a vaccines are based on adenovirus vector technology, which is now under scrutiny.

Other Covid adenovirus vector vaccines include Russia’s Sputnik V and China’s CanSino.

People who received the J&J vaccine are being urged to report if they experience symptoms including severe headache, abdominal pain, leg pain or shortness of breath.

Doctors meanwhile have been told not to treat such clots with the common thinner heparin.

Four of the initial six cases were treated using heparin, and this might have made their condition worse, according to the leading biological hypothesis for what is driving the effect.

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