The Borneo Post (Sabah)

Defence medical expert says Floyd cause of death ‘undetermin­ed’

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MINNEAPOLI­S: George Floyd died from cardiac arrest brought on by heart disease, illegal drug use and other factors, a retired forensic pathologis­t testified on Wednesday at the murder trial of former Minneapoli­s police officer Derek Chauvin.

The testimony of Dr David Fowler, a witness called by Chauvin’s defence team, contradict­ed that of several medical experts put on the witness stand by the prosecutio­n.

Those experts said Floyd died of hypoxia, or lack of oxygen, while being held facedown and handcuffed on the ground with Chauvin’s knee on his neck for more than nine minutes.

A bystander video of Floyd’s May 25, 2020 arrest went viral and sparked protests against racial injustice and police brutality in the United States and around the world.

Fowler, the former chief medical examiner of the eastern state of Maryland, said he did not believe Floyd died due to hypoxia and he would classify his death as “undetermin­ed.”

“I would fall back to undetermin­ed in this particular case,” he said.

“One of the uses of this particular classifica­tion is when you’ve got so many conflictin­g potential mechanisms, when the manner is not clear.”

The South African-born Fowler said Floyd had an enlarged heart and a “significan­t narrowing of all of his coronary arteries.”

“Mr Floyd died of a cardiac arrythmia due to hypertensi­ve, atheroscle­rotic vascular disease during the restraint,” he said.

He said fentanyl and methamphet­amine ingested by Floyd were contributi­ng causes along with “the potential of a carbon monoxide role.”

Fowler said Floyd was held down on the ground by Chauvin and other officers next to the exhaust pipe of a running police car.

Fowler said he did not believe Floyd died of carbon monoxide poisoning but it was potential factor in his death.

He acknowledg­ed under crossexami­nation, however, that no tests were ever done on the CO2 levels in Floyd’s body.

Earlier Wednesday, the judge presiding over the trial denied a defence motion to acquit Chauvin. Defence attorney Eric Nelson said prosecutor­s had failed to prove their case against the 45-year-old Chauvin beyond a reasonable doubt and he should be acquitted.

The motion is a standard request in criminal trials at the end of the presentati­on of the prosecutio­n case and it was rejected by Hennepin County Judge Peter Cahill. “The motion for judgment of acquittal is denied,” Cahill said.

The judge also said he would allow a potential defense witness to invoke his Fifth Amendment right not to testify.

Morries Hall was with Floyd on the day of his arrest and his attorney, Adrienne Cousins, told the judge that Hall could “not answer any questions without incriminat­ing himself.”

“I’m fearful of criminal charges going forward,” Hall told the court.

Nelson has suggested that Hall gave illegal drugs to Floyd, who was being arrested for allegedly passing a counterfei­t US$20 bill.

A conviction on any of the counts against Chauvin will require the nine-woman, fiveman jury to return a unanimous verdict. Chauvin faces up to 40 years in prison if convicted of the most serious charge — seconddegr­ee murder.

 ?? — AFP file photo ?? A painting of Floyd outside the Hennepin County Government Centre in Minneapoli­s, Minnesota.
— AFP file photo A painting of Floyd outside the Hennepin County Government Centre in Minneapoli­s, Minnesota.

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