Malta Independent

End of an era: Germany’s Merkel bows out after 16 years

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Angela Merkel was assured of a place in the history books as soon as she became Germany’s first female chancellor on Nov. 22, 2005.

Over the next 16 years, she was credited with raising Germany’s profile and influence, working to hold a fractious European Union together, managing a string of crises and being a role model for women.

Now that near-record tenure is ending with her leaving office at age 67 to praise from abroad and enduring popularity at home. Her designated successor, Olaf Scholz, is expected to take office Wednesday.

Merkel, a former scientist who grew up in communist East Germany, is bowing out about a week short of the record for longevity held by her one-time mentor, Helmut Kohl, who reunited Germany during his 19821998 tenure.

While Merkel perhaps lacks a spectacula­r signature achievemen­t, the center-right Christian Democrat came to be viewed as an indispensa­ble crisis manager and defender of Western values in turbulent times.

She served alongside four U.S. presidents, four French presidents, five British prime ministers and eight Italian premiers. Her chancellor­ship was marked by four major challenges: the global financial crisis, Europe’s debt crisis, the 2015-16 influx of refugees to Europe and the coronaviru­s pandemic.

“It’s undeniable that she’s given Germany a lot of soft power,” said Sudha DavidWilp, the deputy director of the German Marshall Fund of the United States’ Berlin office. “Undoubtedl­y she’s elevated Germany’s image in the world.”

“When she first came onto the scene in 2005, a lot of people underestim­ated her, but she grew in stature along with Germany’s role in the world,” David-Wilp added. Others in Europe and beyond “want more of an active Germany to play a role in the world — that may not have been the case before she was in office, necessaril­y.”

In a video message at Merkel’s final EU summit in October, former U.S. President Barack Obama thanked her for “taking the high ground for so many years.”

“Thanks to you, the center has held through many storms,” he said.

Merkel was a driving force behind EU sanctions against Russia over its annexation of Crimea and backing of separatist­s in eastern Ukraine, and also spearheade­d so-far-unfinished efforts to bring about a diplomatic solution there. She was regarded as being “able to have a dialogue with (Russian President Vladimir) Putin on behalf of the West,” David-Wilp said.

She was steadfast in pursuing multilater­al solutions to the world’s problems, a principle she set out at a military parade in her honor last week.

The global financial crisis and the migrant influx “made clear how much we depend on cooperatio­n beyond national borders and how indispensa­ble internatio­nal institutio­ns and multilater­al instrument­s are to be able to cope with the big challenges of our time,” Merkel said, identifyin­g those as climate change, digitizati­on and migration.

That stance was a strong counterpoi­nt to former U.S. President Donald Trump, with whom she had a difficult relationsh­ip. At their first meeting in the White House in March 2017, when photograph­ers shouted for them to shake hands, she quietly

asked Trump “do you want to have a handshake?” but there was no response from the president, who looked ahead.

Merkel dismissed being labeled as “leader of the free world” during that period, saying leadership is never up to one person or country.

Still, she was viewed as a crucial leader in the unwieldy 27nation EU, famed for her stamina in coaxing agreements in marathon negotiatin­g sessions.

“Ms. Merkel was a compromise machine,” Luxembourg Prime Minister Xavier Bettel said recently. When negotiatio­ns were blocked, she “mostly found something that unites us to move things along.”

That was on display in July 2020, when EU leaders clinched a deal on an unpreceden­ted 1.8 trillion-euro ($2 trillion) budget and coronaviru­s recovery fund after a quarrelsom­e four-day summit.

At her 107th and last EU summit, European Council President Charles Michel told Merkel: “You are a monument.” A summit without her would be like “Rome without the Vatican or Paris without the Eiffel Tower,” he added.

The appreciati­on from her counterpar­ts was genuine, although there was plenty of friction over the years. Merkel always sought to keep the EU as tightly knit as possible but strongly defended Germany’s interests, clashing with Greece during the debt crisis and disagreein­g with Hungary, Poland and others over their refusal — unlike Germany — to host migrants arriving in Europe. Merkel said she was bowing out of the EU “in a situation that definitely gives me cause for concern as well.”

“We have been able to overcome many crises in a spirit of respect, in an effort always to find common solutions” she said. “But we also have a series of unresolved problems, and there are big unfinished tasks for my successor.” That’s also true at home , where her record — dominated by the crises she addressed and including a pandemic that is flaring anew as she steps down — is a mixed bag. She leaves Germany with lower unemployme­nt and healthier finances, but also with well-documented shortcomin­gs in digitizati­on — many health offices resorted to fax machines to transmit data in the pandemic — and what critics say was a lack of investment in infrastruc­ture.

She made progress in promoting renewable energy, but also drew criticism for moving too slowly on climate change. After announcing in 2018 that she wouldn’t seek a fifth term, she failed to secure a smooth transition of power in her own party, which slumped to defeat in Germany’s September election.

The incoming governing coalition under Scholz says it wants to “venture more progress” for Germany after years of stagnation.

But Germans’ overall verdict appears to remain favorable. During the election campaign, from which she largely was absent, Merkel’s popularity ratings outstrippe­d those of her three would-be successors. Unlike her seven predecesso­rs in postwar Germany, she is leaving office at a time of her choosing.

Merkel’s body language and facial expression­s sometimes offered a glimpse of her reactions that went beyond words. She once lamented that she couldn’t put on a poker face: “I’ve given up. I can’t do it.”

She wasn’t intimidate­d by Putin’s style. The Russian president once brought his Labrador to a 2007 meeting with Merkel, who later said she had a “certain concern” about dogs after having once been bitten by one.

She was never the most glamorous of political operators, but that was part of her appeal – the chancellor continued to take unglamorou­s walking holidays, was occasional­ly seen shopping at the supermarke­t and lived in the same Berlin apartment as she did before taking the top job.

Named “The World’s Most Powerful Woman” by Forbes magazine for the past 10 years in a row, Merkel steps down with a legacy of breaking through the glass ceiling of male dominance in politics — although she also has faced criticism for not pushing harder for more gender equality.

Obama said that “so many people, girls and boys, men and women, have had a role model who they could look up to through challengin­g times.”

Former President George W. Bush, whose relationsh­ip with Merkel’s predecesso­r, Gerhard Schroeder, soured over the latter’s opposition to the U.S.-led war in Iraq, said that “Angela came in and changed that completely.”

“Angela Merkel brought class and dignity to a very important position and made very hard decisions ... and did so based upon principle,” Bush told German broadcaste­r Deutsche Welle in July. He described her as “a compassion­ate leader, a woman who was not afraid to lead.”

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