New Ecode­sign rules for light bulbs, ap­pli­ca­ble from Septem­ber

The Malta Business Weekly - - LEADER / NEWS -

Pre­cisely what is cov­ered and what is not cov­ered?

This de­ci­sion re­lates to mains­volt­age non-di­rec­tional halo­gen light bulbs. It does not cover halo­gen bulbs of­ten used in desk lamps and flood lights (such as the R7s, G9 and G4 lamps) for which ex­emp­tions have been granted be­cause af­ford­able al­ter­na­tives are not yet largely avail­able on the mar­ket; nor does it cover low volt­age di­rec­tional halo­gen lamps, such as pop­u­lar spot­lights.

What are the po­ten­tial sav­ings for con­sumers?

En­ergy con­sump­tion: LED bulbs tend to use much less en­ergy, of­ten less than 10% of the halo­gen equiv­a­lent. With most house­holds hav­ing a hand­ful of such bulbs, the po­ten­tial sav­ings in en­ergy con­sump­tion are likely to be sig­nif­i­cant. Bear­ing in mind that many con­sumers have al­ready switched at least some of their light­ing to LED bulbs.

Du­ra­tion: LED bulbs tend to last 10-20 years, whereas their halo­gen equiv­a­lent usu­ally only last three to four years.

Re­cy­clable: In prac­tice, most of the halo­gen and LED bulbs con­cerned by the change of rules are re­cy­clable. How­ever, the longer life of LEDs will sig­nif­i­cantly re­duce the num­ber of bulbs to be re­cy­cled EU-wide.

Re­tail prices: A few years ago, the cost of LED bulbs was con­sid­er­ably higher (4-5 times) than a halo­gen bulb even though they were still more eco­nom­i­cal in the long-term. How­ever, prices have fallen con­sid­er­ably as the tech­nol­ogy has de­vel­oped and economies of scale have risen – par­tially driven by the EU de­ci­sion to phase out the halo­gen bulbs (with an ex­ten- sive tran­si­tion pe­riod) and re­tail price dif­fer­ences have now re­duced sig­nif­i­cantly, es­pe­cially for use in house­holds.

What are the po­ten­tial cu­mu­la­tive sav­ings – EU wide?

En­ergy Con­sump­tion: The 2013 im­pact study of these changes es­ti­mated that, once fully im­ple­mented (that is, when all house­holds will have switched all lamps con­cerned from halo­gen to LED), the likely sav­ings in an­nual elec­tric­ity con­sump­tion across the whole of the EU-28 would be 9.4 TWh a year – equiv­a­lent to Es­to­nia's an­nual en­ergy con­sump­tion.

Green­house Gas emis­sions: The 2015 im­pact as­sess­ment es­ti­mated that, once fully im­ple­mented, these changes would pro­vide an­nual sav­ings of 3.4 mil­lion tonnes of CO2 emis­sions – equiv­a­lent to nearly dou­ble the an­nual emis­sions of Malta

Ecode­sign and En­ergy la­belling

For many years the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion has sought to en­cour­age the im­proved en­ergy and re­source ef­fi­ciency of house­hold goods.

EU rules on ecode­sign and en­ergy la­bels have been par­tic­u­lar ef­fec­tive driv­ers, sig­nif­i­cantly con­tribut­ing to low­er­ing emis­sions, waste and en­ergy de­pen­dency. For ex­am­ple, from 2015 new en­ergy ef­fi­ciency mea­sures in­cluded en­ergy la­bels for cook­ing ap­pli­ances and prod­ucts sold on­line and au­to­matic stand-by re­quire­ments for con­nected de­vices and cof­fee ma­chines.

By 2020, all the dif­fer­ent ecode­sign mea­sures are ex­pected to de­liver sav­ings of up to €500 on house­hold en­ergy bills ev­ery year and EU-wide an­nual en­ergy sav­ings of an equiv­a­lent of 175 mil­lion tonnes of oil (Mtoe) − equiv­a­lent to the an­nual en­ergy con­sump­tion of Italy.

In­deed the en­ergy la­bel has been a huge suc­cess, prod­ucts have seen such an im­proved per­for­mance (with 55% of wash­ing ma­chines now clas­si­fied as Class A+++) that the la­bels will be rescaled from 2021 on­wards. This rescal­ing, for fridges, dish­wash­ers, wash­ing ma­chines, TVs and lamps, will mean that prod­ucts cur­rently de­fined as Class A+++ are re­clas­si­fied as Class B.

Is this the last change for light bulbs?

These changes, orig­i­nally agreed in 2009, were made as part of the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the first and sec­ond Ecode­sign Work­ing Plans. Within the con­text of the third Ecode­sign Work­ing Plan (20162019), the Com­mis­sion is hold­ing an on­go­ing re­view of light­ing and other house­hold prod­ucts in or­der to re­flect the rapid tech­no­log­i­cal tran­si­tion in these sec­tors and the in­creas­ing im­por­tance of re­source ef­fi­ciency.

As with pre­vi­ous de­ci­sions, any changes will be made fol­low­ing a thor­ough con­sul­ta­tion process with par­tic­u­lar con­sid­er­a­tion of the avail­abil­ity of af­ford­able al­ter­na­tive prod­ucts for con­sumers and the so­cio-eco­nomic im­pli­ca­tions, as well as the im­por­tance of a suf­fi­cient tran­si­tion pe­riod. The on­go­ing re­view will not put into dis­cus­sion what hap­pened so far: lamps that are phased out re­main phased out and the same ap­plies for the halo­gens that will be phased out from 1 Septem­ber.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Malta

© PressReader. All rights reserved.