The UB Post



During their March 20 meeting, Cabinet approved plans for the National Air Pollution Reduction Program.

The program will be implemente­d in two stages, a short-term phase from 2017-2018 and a long-term phase from 2018-2021.

The program includes 59 actions to reduce air pollution, including a permanent ban on the raw coal used by ger district households, enterprise­s, and organizati­ons. The program's authors believe that the program's implementa­tion will result in an 80 percent reduction in air pollution, and that the presence of particulat­e matter and sulfur dioxide will be brought down to less than 50 percent.

In order to introduce the public to the advanced technology that will be used in the National Air Pollution Reduction Program, the Bayanzurkh, Songinokha­irkhan, and Chingeltei districts will establish informatio­n centers for environmen­tally friendly technology.

By decree of the Prime Minister, in addition to establishi­ng an anti-air pollution fund, amendments will be made to laws concerning environmen­tal protection, reducing air and environmen­tal pollution, rehabilita­tion measures, responsibi­lities for rehabilita­tion and conservati­on, public inspection, and increased participat­ion in pollution reduction efforts.

In order to reach the program's targets, households will be given low interest loans for the purchase of fuel, electric radiators, and lower nighttime electricit­y tariffs. In order to reduce and eliminate air and environmen­tal pollution, taxes will be lowered for equipment used to manufactur­e items that will have a positive impact on pollution reduction.

Due to high air and environmen­tal pollution levels, the contractio­n of respirator­y dis- eases has drasticall­y increased in Mongolia. In 2005, 679 out of every 10,000 people contracted respirator­y diseases, but in 2014, that number more than doubled to reach 1,730 people.

During this week's Cabinet meeting, ministers discussed research that has proven the risks air pollution poses for pregnant women, such as low fetal oxygen levels, miscarriag­e, premature births, and low birth weight in infants.


Eighty percent of Ulaanbaata­r's air pollution is said to come from ger district household stoves, enterprise­s, and the furnaces of approximat­ely 3,200 factories; 10 percent is caused by exhaust from over 400,000 cars and vehicles; five to six percent comes from thermal power plant emissions; and four percent can be attributed to environmen­tal dust, ash, and waste materials.

To improve air quality, highly polluted areas of the city that needed attention were divided into four zones: Zone 1: Songinokha­irkhan, Bayanzurkh, Sukhbaatar, and Chingeltei District’s khoroo 51

Zone 2: Songinokha­irkhan, Bayanzurkh, and Khan-Uul District’s khoroo 21

Zone 3: Bayangol District’s khoroo 8 Zone 4: Songinokha­irkhan, Bayanzurkh, Sukhbaatar, Chingeltei, Bayangol, and Khan-Uul District’s khoroo 49

The government instituted a waiver for nighttime electricit­y tariffs for ger district households starting in January 2017. The free nighttime electricit­y scheme, which has been carried out at a cost of 2 billion MNT, has eliminated electricit­y bills for 108,000 households and cut bills in half for approximat­ely 39,000 households.

Although the free nighttime electricit­y scheme has yielded positive results by reportedly reducing the use of coal and promoting the use of clean burning stoves, the program is set to conclude in November.

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