Day of Kazakhstan’s First President to be marked on December 1
Throughout times of transition from one century to another and society’s transition during the 1990s, the presence of Nursultan Nazarbayev on history’s stage is recognized as the leading point of Kazakhstan’s independence, the founding father of the nation, and the country’s head of state started being acknowledged.
Not only the people of Kazakhstan but also people all over the world know that the history of Kazakhstan’s independence and the current state of the country refer to Nazarbayev.
When the world’s attention turned to Kazakhstan, a newly independent country that was part of the Soviet Union block, how the country will capture the drive for its independence was a great concern to many.
Kazakhs could join together under a blue flag. As Nazarbayev said, “The whole history of Kazakhs is a history of unification”, and independence, sovereignty and mother tongue are the power of the nation’s unification, which are the fundamental roles of the nation’s values.
During the years of Kazakhstan’s independence, Nazarbayev made ready the guidelines of the statehood’s development.
As the Institute of Presidency was introduced in Kazakhstan at the same time, under the Constitution, Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbayev took the oath of office as the first President of Kazakhstan before the country’s people. It was a historic moment when Nazarbayev knelt to kiss the blue flag of independent Kazakhstan.
Since Nazarbayev hoisted the national flag at his inauguration, the blue flag of the nation’s independence started rising with the flags of the world’s independent countries.
Kazakhstan has become one of the world’s most powerful countries within less than 21 years since its independence. Initiatives proposed by the president of Kazakhstan have been of significant importance to strengthening the new world order.
After many centuries under others’ sphere of influence, Kazakhs gained their independence, and Nazarbayev started giving his speeches from the political podiums of the world. Statements made by the head of state from the podium of the United Nations are being listened to not only in Kazakhstan, but also all over the world.
Within 20 years of time, “old” Europe, “overseas” Americans, and “neighbors” Russia and China accepted the Kazakh nation and Kazakhstan as a country, and they signed a strategic partnership with Kazakhstan.
The border of Kazakhstan was delimited, and legislatures of Russia, China, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan approved agreements on shared border zones with Kazakhstan and their respective countries. The demarcation of borders with countries sharing borders with Kazakhstan was carried out, which means that the world accepted a new country of Kazakhs and their president.
Kazakhstan is offering strong and beneficial initiatives for political dialogues on globalization, and world leaders are getting to discuss and listen to President Nazarbayev’s speeches and initiatives.
The election of Kazakhstan as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the 20172018 period was the victory of Kazakhstan’s foreign policy. Kazakhstan has made achievements in the nation’s development path, multilateral foreign policy, nuclear disarmament, and religious tolerance over the past two decades, the country supported the operations of the United Nations, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Eurasian Economic Union, and Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia, and Kazakhstan chaired the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, and Collective Security Treaty Organization. The Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions took place in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan, four times. These activities are some of the highlights that Kazakhstan has achieved in a short amount of time.
Nazarbayev was accepted as not only a politician who identifies the process of economic development and determines Kazakhstan’s economic development vision, but also as a scientist. “Nazarbayev’s model” towards a free market economy started being carried out, and due to its economic achievements, Kazakhstan’s economy jumped into the list of the world’s top three fastest-growing economies for a short period of time, which means that it seems to have broken the chain of a raw material-based economy under totalitarian regime.
The head of state always puts the economy first and politics second, which benefits the country’s economy. Kazakhstan adopted the world’s best experiences in development at home and adjusted them to Kazakhstan’s circumstances. As a result, the digital transformation of Kazakhstan’s industrial society, social and economic policy started being implemented, which led to a new wave of development for the nation’s economy.
Nazarbayev found an optimal solution for the country’s needs for the new generations and young workforce working with new technologies. Thanks to the Bolashak Programme, more than 8,000 students from Kazakhstan graduated from leading universities overseas, and they brought new technologies to the country.
Kazakhstan built a foundation for a system to produce a high-performing workforce in the country, and the Nazarbayev intellectual schools and Nazarbayev University were established, which are open for exceptional students.
As there was a demand for optimal administrative apparatus to strengthen independence and sovereignty, Nazarbayev created an administrative system to meet this demand.
A multi-party system was created in Kazakhstan, and representatives of the three political parties were elected in the lower house of Kazakhstan’s Parliament, which is called Majilis. The nine deputies from the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan were elected into Majilis.
Everyone in Kazakhstan can express their freedom of expression, which is a real freedom, not an illusion. There are more than 2,700 media organizations in Kazakhstan, and over 70 percent of them are under ownership of political parties, civic organizations, and individuals.
First President of Kazakhstan Nazarbayev made his country an exemplary one within 20 years since it gained independence.
Kazakhstan established diplomatic relations with over 150 countries and created a multilateral policy by learning from development paths of other countries. The country made a big progress in its national identity, and key objectives about the state’s policies were determined.
The Kazakh language was adopted as the official language under the Constitution of Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is a young country. The average life expectancy of Kazakhstan is 35. Kazakhstan’s youth will maintain the development and prosperity of the country their ancestors started, and the country is focusing on sustainable youth development policy, which will help the country reach a better future.
Thus, Nazarbayev declared next year as the Year of Youth, which gives the country’s youth big hopes and encouragement. The head of state said, “The people of Kazakhstan love education and science,” and an example of this statement would be that Kazakhstan ranks fourth through adult literacy rate in the world.