Day of Kaza­khstan’s First Pres­i­dent to be marked on De­cem­ber 1

The UB Post - - Domestic - By A.JARGAL

Through­out times of tran­si­tion from one cen­tury to an­other and so­ci­ety’s tran­si­tion dur­ing the 1990s, the pres­ence of Nur­sul­tan Nazarbayev on his­tory’s stage is rec­og­nized as the lead­ing point of Kaza­khstan’s in­de­pen­dence, the found­ing fa­ther of the na­tion, and the coun­try’s head of state started be­ing ac­knowl­edged.

Not only the peo­ple of Kaza­khstan but also peo­ple all over the world know that the his­tory of Kaza­khstan’s in­de­pen­dence and the cur­rent state of the coun­try re­fer to Nazarbayev.

When the world’s at­ten­tion turned to Kaza­khstan, a newly in­de­pen­dent coun­try that was part of the Soviet Union block, how the coun­try will cap­ture the drive for its in­de­pen­dence was a great con­cern to many.

Kaza­khs could join to­gether un­der a blue flag. As Nazarbayev said, “The whole his­tory of Kaza­khs is a his­tory of uni­fi­ca­tion”, and in­de­pen­dence, sovereignty and mother tongue are the power of the na­tion’s uni­fi­ca­tion, which are the fun­da­men­tal roles of the na­tion’s val­ues.

Dur­ing the years of Kaza­khstan’s in­de­pen­dence, Nazarbayev made ready the guidelines of the state­hood’s de­vel­op­ment.

As the In­sti­tute of Pres­i­dency was in­tro­duced in Kaza­khstan at the same time, un­der the Con­sti­tu­tion, Nur­sul­tan Abishuly Nazarbayev took the oath of of­fice as the first Pres­i­dent of Kaza­khstan be­fore the coun­try’s peo­ple. It was a his­toric mo­ment when Nazarbayev knelt to kiss the blue flag of in­de­pen­dent Kaza­khstan.

Since Nazarbayev hoisted the na­tional flag at his inau­gu­ra­tion, the blue flag of the na­tion’s in­de­pen­dence started ris­ing with the flags of the world’s in­de­pen­dent coun­tries.

Kaza­khstan has be­come one of the world’s most pow­er­ful coun­tries within less than 21 years since its in­de­pen­dence. Ini­tia­tives pro­posed by the pres­i­dent of Kaza­khstan have been of sig­nif­i­cant im­por­tance to strength­en­ing the new world or­der.

Af­ter many cen­turies un­der oth­ers’ sphere of in­flu­ence, Kaza­khs gained their in­de­pen­dence, and Nazarbayev started giv­ing his speeches from the po­lit­i­cal podi­ums of the world. State­ments made by the head of state from the podium of the United Na­tions are be­ing lis­tened to not only in Kaza­khstan, but also all over the world.

Within 20 years of time, “old” Eu­rope, “over­seas” Amer­i­cans, and “neigh­bors” Rus­sia and China ac­cepted the Kazakh na­tion and Kaza­khstan as a coun­try, and they signed a strate­gic part­ner­ship with Kaza­khstan.

The bor­der of Kaza­khstan was de­lim­ited, and leg­is­la­tures of Rus­sia, China, Uzbek­istan, and Turk­menistan ap­proved agree­ments on shared bor­der zones with Kaza­khstan and their re­spec­tive coun­tries. The de­mar­ca­tion of bor­ders with coun­tries shar­ing bor­ders with Kaza­khstan was car­ried out, which means that the world ac­cepted a new coun­try of Kaza­khs and their pres­i­dent.

Kaza­khstan is of­fer­ing strong and ben­e­fi­cial ini­tia­tives for po­lit­i­cal di­a­logues on glob­al­iza­tion, and world lead­ers are get­ting to dis­cuss and lis­ten to Pres­i­dent Nazarbayev’s speeches and ini­tia­tives.

The elec­tion of Kaza­khstan as a non-per­ma­nent mem­ber of the United Na­tions Se­cu­rity Coun­cil for the 20172018 pe­riod was the vic­tory of Kaza­khstan’s for­eign pol­icy. Kaza­khstan has made achieve­ments in the na­tion’s de­vel­op­ment path, mul­ti­lat­eral for­eign pol­icy, nu­clear dis­ar­ma­ment, and re­li­gious tolerance over the past two decades, the coun­try sup­ported the op­er­a­tions of the United Na­tions, the Shang­hai Co­op­er­a­tion Or­ga­ni­za­tion, the Eurasian Eco­nomic Union, and Con­fer­ence on In­ter­ac­tion and Con­fi­dence-Build­ing Mea­sures in Asia, and Kaza­khstan chaired the Or­ga­ni­za­tion for Se­cu­rity and Co-op­er­a­tion in Eu­rope, the Or­ga­ni­za­tion of Is­lamic Co­op­er­a­tion, and Col­lec­tive Se­cu­rity Treaty Or­ga­ni­za­tion. The Con­gress of Lead­ers of World and Tra­di­tional Re­li­gions took place in As­tana, the cap­i­tal of Kaza­khstan, four times. Th­ese ac­tiv­i­ties are some of the high­lights that Kaza­khstan has achieved in a short amount of time.

Nazarbayev was ac­cepted as not only a politi­cian who iden­ti­fies the process of eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment and de­ter­mines Kaza­khstan’s eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment vi­sion, but also as a sci­en­tist. “Nazarbayev’s model” to­wards a free market econ­omy started be­ing car­ried out, and due to its eco­nomic achieve­ments, Kaza­khstan’s econ­omy jumped into the list of the world’s top three fastest-growing economies for a short pe­riod of time, which means that it seems to have bro­ken the chain of a raw ma­te­rial-based econ­omy un­der to­tal­i­tar­ian regime.

The head of state al­ways puts the econ­omy first and pol­i­tics sec­ond, which ben­e­fits the coun­try’s econ­omy. Kaza­khstan adopted the world’s best ex­pe­ri­ences in de­vel­op­ment at home and ad­justed them to Kaza­khstan’s cir­cum­stances. As a re­sult, the dig­i­tal trans­for­ma­tion of Kaza­khstan’s in­dus­trial so­ci­ety, so­cial and eco­nomic pol­icy started be­ing im­ple­mented, which led to a new wave of de­vel­op­ment for the na­tion’s econ­omy.

Nazarbayev found an op­ti­mal so­lu­tion for the coun­try’s needs for the new gen­er­a­tions and young work­force work­ing with new tech­nolo­gies. Thanks to the Bo­lashak Pro­gramme, more than 8,000 stu­dents from Kaza­khstan grad­u­ated from lead­ing univer­si­ties over­seas, and they brought new tech­nolo­gies to the coun­try.

Kaza­khstan built a foun­da­tion for a sys­tem to pro­duce a high-per­form­ing work­force in the coun­try, and the Nazarbayev in­tel­lec­tual schools and Nazarbayev Univer­sity were es­tab­lished, which are open for ex­cep­tional stu­dents.

As there was a de­mand for op­ti­mal ad­min­is­tra­tive ap­pa­ra­tus to strengthen in­de­pen­dence and sovereignty, Nazarbayev cre­ated an ad­min­is­tra­tive sys­tem to meet this de­mand.

A multi-party sys­tem was cre­ated in Kaza­khstan, and rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the three po­lit­i­cal par­ties were elected in the lower house of Kaza­khstan’s Par­lia­ment, which is called Ma­jilis. The nine deputies from the As­sem­bly of the Peo­ple of Kaza­khstan were elected into Ma­jilis.

Ev­ery­one in Kaza­khstan can ex­press their free­dom of ex­pres­sion, which is a real free­dom, not an il­lu­sion. There are more than 2,700 me­dia or­ga­ni­za­tions in Kaza­khstan, and over 70 per­cent of them are un­der own­er­ship of po­lit­i­cal par­ties, civic or­ga­ni­za­tions, and in­di­vid­u­als.

First Pres­i­dent of Kaza­khstan Nazarbayev made his coun­try an ex­em­plary one within 20 years since it gained in­de­pen­dence.

Kaza­khstan es­tab­lished di­plo­matic re­la­tions with over 150 coun­tries and cre­ated a mul­ti­lat­eral pol­icy by learn­ing from de­vel­op­ment paths of other coun­tries. The coun­try made a big progress in its na­tional iden­tity, and key ob­jec­tives about the state’s poli­cies were de­ter­mined.

The Kazakh lan­guage was adopted as the of­fi­cial lan­guage un­der the Con­sti­tu­tion of Kaza­khstan. Kaza­khstan is a young coun­try. The av­er­age life ex­pectancy of Kaza­khstan is 35. Kaza­khstan’s youth will main­tain the de­vel­op­ment and pros­per­ity of the coun­try their an­ces­tors started, and the coun­try is fo­cus­ing on sus­tain­able youth de­vel­op­ment pol­icy, which will help the coun­try reach a bet­ter fu­ture.

Thus, Nazarbayev de­clared next year as the Year of Youth, which gives the coun­try’s youth big hopes and en­cour­age­ment. The head of state said, “The peo­ple of Kaza­khstan love ed­u­ca­tion and sci­ence,” and an ex­am­ple of this state­ment would be that Kaza­khstan ranks fourth through adult lit­er­acy rate in the world.

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