Fin­land’s sup­port

Mizzima Business Weekly - - CONTENTS -

The Gov­ern­ment of Fin­land has stepped in to help Myanmar on a num­ber of lev­els.

Good for­est gov­er­nance

Sur­vey of Myanmar’s for­est re­sources and de­vel­op­ment of in­for­ma­tion sys­tems by the Food and Agri­cul­ture Or­ga­ni­za­tion of the United Na­tions, FAO: EUR 8 mil­lion in 2017–2021. Sur­vey of for­est re­sources in co­op­er­a­tion be­tween the Nat­u­ral Re­sources In­sti­tute of Fin­land (LUKE) and Myanmar’s Min­istry of En­vi­ron­men­tal Con­ser­va­tion and Forestry and Yezin Agri­cul­tural Univer­sity: EUR 1 mil­lion in 2017–2020. Re­plac­ing drug cul­ti­va­tion ar­eas with cof­fee plan­ta­tions and com­mu­nity forests. The project is im­ple­mented by the UN Of­fice on Drugs and Crime (UNODC): EUR 3 mil­lion in 2016–2018.

Peace, democ­racy and rule of law

Sup­port to Myanmar's peace process. Launched in 2012, the sup­port is chan­nelled through the Fin­nish Evan­gel­i­cal Lutheran Mis­sion and the Euro-Burma Of­fice (EBO). Third phase: EUR 3.6 mil­lion in 2016–2018. The multi-donor Joint Peace Fund is also used to sup­port the peace process. In 2016–2018, Fin­land’s sup­port was EUR 4.5 mil­lion. Sup­port to democ­racy and rule by law de­vel­op­ment via the United Na­tions De­vel­op­ment Pro­gramme (UNDP). Ini­ti­ated in 2013 and now on its sec­ond stage, the sup­port to the whole of UNDP's coun­try pro­gramme 2016–2017 is EUR 4 mil­lion. Im­prove­ment of women's and girls' po­si­tion and ac­cess to sex­ual and re­pro­duc­tive health ser­vices as well as to ser­vices for vic­tims of gen­der-based vi­o­lence in con­flict ar­eas. The sup­port is chan­nelled through UNDP: EUR 3.65 mil­lion in 2016–2018.

Qual­ity ed­u­ca­tion

De­vel­op­ment of teacher ed­u­ca­tion in co­op­er­a­tion with UNESCO: EUR 3.25 mil­lion in 2017–2019. Tar­geted sup­port for the most vul­ner­a­ble chil­dren, im­prov­ing teach­ing con­di­tions and sup­port to strength­en­ing the pro­fes­sional skills of teach­ers. Fin­land's sup­port is chan­nelled through the World Bank: EUR 7.12 mil­lion in 2017–2020.

Other co­op­er­a­tion

Ap­prox­i­mately EUR 1.5–2 mil­lion a year is chan­nelled to Myanmar via Fin­nish CSOs. Th­ese or­gan­i­sa­tions work to­gether with lo­cal part­ners, im­ple­ment­ing both de­vel­op­ment co­op­er­a­tion and hu­man­i­tar­ian projects. The HEI-ICI pro­gramme (Higher Ed­u­ca­tion In­sti­tu­tions In­sti­tu­tional Co­op­er­a­tion In­stru­ment) is used as a chan­nel of sup­port to col­lab­o­ra­tive projects be­tween higher ed­u­ca­tion in­sti­tutes in Fin­land and Myanmar. The Li­ai­son Of­fice of Fin­land in Yan­gon is us­ing the Lo­cal Co­op­er­a­tion Fund to sup­port a lo­cal project, which fo­cuses on chil­dren with dis­abil­i­ties and their ac­cess to ed­u­ca­tion. The to­tal bud­get of this 1,5-year project is EUR 120,000. In ad­di­tion, Fin­nish sup­port is chan­nelled also via in­ter­na­tional or­gan­i­sa­tions and in­ter­na­tional fi­nance in­sti­tu­tions, such as the World Bank and the Asian De­vel­op­ment Bank, to which Fin­land do­nates funds. Fin­land has pro­vided hu­man­i­tar­ian sup­port to Myanmar al­most on an an­nual ba­sis. Fin­land has pro­vided a to­tal of EUR 2.5 mil­lion in debt re­lief to Myanmar.

Myanmar chil­dren on the way to school. Photo: Hong Sar for Mizzima

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