The Government of Finland has stepped in to help Myanmar on a number of levels.
Good forest governance
Survey of Myanmar’s forest resources and development of information systems by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAO: EUR 8 million in 2017–2021. Survey of forest resources in cooperation between the Natural Resources Institute of Finland (LUKE) and Myanmar’s Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry and Yezin Agricultural University: EUR 1 million in 2017–2020. Replacing drug cultivation areas with coffee plantations and community forests. The project is implemented by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC): EUR 3 million in 2016–2018.
Peace, democracy and rule of law
Support to Myanmar's peace process. Launched in 2012, the support is channelled through the Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Mission and the Euro-Burma Office (EBO). Third phase: EUR 3.6 million in 2016–2018. The multi-donor Joint Peace Fund is also used to support the peace process. In 2016–2018, Finland’s support was EUR 4.5 million. Support to democracy and rule by law development via the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Initiated in 2013 and now on its second stage, the support to the whole of UNDP's country programme 2016–2017 is EUR 4 million. Improvement of women's and girls' position and access to sexual and reproductive health services as well as to services for victims of gender-based violence in conflict areas. The support is channelled through UNDP: EUR 3.65 million in 2016–2018.
Development of teacher education in cooperation with UNESCO: EUR 3.25 million in 2017–2019. Targeted support for the most vulnerable children, improving teaching conditions and support to strengthening the professional skills of teachers. Finland's support is channelled through the World Bank: EUR 7.12 million in 2017–2020.
Approximately EUR 1.5–2 million a year is channelled to Myanmar via Finnish CSOs. These organisations work together with local partners, implementing both development cooperation and humanitarian projects. The HEI-ICI programme (Higher Education Institutions Institutional Cooperation Instrument) is used as a channel of support to collaborative projects between higher education institutes in Finland and Myanmar. The Liaison Office of Finland in Yangon is using the Local Cooperation Fund to support a local project, which focuses on children with disabilities and their access to education. The total budget of this 1,5-year project is EUR 120,000. In addition, Finnish support is channelled also via international organisations and international finance institutions, such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, to which Finland donates funds. Finland has provided humanitarian support to Myanmar almost on an annual basis. Finland has provided a total of EUR 2.5 million in debt relief to Myanmar.
Myanmar children on the way to school. Photo: Hong Sar for Mizzima