US urges China to “use all available levers” to denuclearise N. Korea
US President Donald Trump urged Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday to “use all available levers” to compel North Korea to end provocative acts and rid itself of nuclear weapons, the White House said.
Trump and Xi spoke by phone after North Korea earlier Wednesday test-fired what it claims is a new type of intercontinental ballistic missile that could hit anywhere in the United States with a nuclear warhead.
“President Trump emphasised the need for China to use all available levers to convince North Korea to end its provocations and return to the path of denuclearisation,” the White House said in a brief statement.
In a Twitter post, Trump said the United States will impose “additional major sanctions” on North Korea later Wednesday as part of efforts to impose “maximum pressure” on Pyongyang in concert with the international community.
Xi told Trump that China upholds the “unswerving goal” of denuclearising the Korean Peninsula, maintaining the international nuclear nonproliferation regime and preserving peace and stability in Northeast Asia, according to the official Xinhua News Agency.
Xi was quoted by Xinhua as saying China wants to keep up communications with the United States and other regional powers and jointly push the nuclear issue in the direction of peaceful settlement via dialogue and negotiation.
China accounts for about 90 percent of North Korea’s total trade and is a major supplier of oil to the country, prompting critics to call Beijing an economic enabler of Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs.
The United States, Japan and South Korea, among other countries, have urged China both to ensure full enforcement of UN sanctions against North Korea and also do more to rein in its defiant neighbor.
Beijing opposes Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons development but fears strong economic pressure could destabilise the country, resulting in a wave of refugees flooding into northeastern China and the loss of a strategic buffer zone from South Korea, a US ally.