In­dia: Friend or foe

People's Review - - COMMENTARY - PR PRADHAN push­para­jprad­han@gmail.com

When our lead­ers of the day give big speeches claim­ing that the 2006 April up­ris­ing was a grand vic­tory of the Nepali peo­ple against a feu­dal rule, they even don't feel any shame. Every­body knows, the 2006 April up­ris­ing was solely spon­sored by the then In­dian es­tab­lish­ment. The In­di­ans, on the one hand, had de­clared the then Nepali Maoists launch­ing a bloody "peo­ple's war" in Nepal ter­ror­ist el­e­ments, on the other hand, the very In­di­ans were not only giv­ing safe shel­ter but also had equipped them with so­phis­ti­cated arms and nec­es­sary funds to dis­turb/spoil its neigh­bour­ing coun­try Nepal. In­dia's de­feated war May be, the then In­dian bu­reau­crats – Shyam Saran, Dev Mukhar­jee, Ran­jeet Rae in the South Block and also Chris­tian lobby in RAW – be­lieve that af­ter dec­la­ra­tion of Nepal as a fed­eral, sec­u­lar repub­lic, they won a war over Nepal, how­ever, the re­al­ity, if one reads the In­dian lead­ing news­pa­pers, is that In­dia has per­ma­nently lost Nepal. Ex­cept from those friends of In­dia, such as Dr Babu­ram Bhat­tarai or some other else, there left no any other friend of In­dia in Nepal. The lat­est gen­eral elec­tions in Nepal could be taken as a ref­er­en­dum as the al­liance of KP Sharma Oli led UML and Push­paka­mal Da­hal led Maoist Cen­ter were able to bag nearly two-thirds ma­jor­ity just by de­nounc­ing the In­dian hege­mony on Nepal. Since Nepal has been de­clared as a sec­u­lar na­tion, the coun­try has fallen into the Euro­pean Chris­tian­ity dom­i­na­tion. The Shah kings al­ways main­tained a bal­anced re­la­tion with the two gi­ant neigh­bours and al­ways main­tained strong stance in safe­guard­ing sen­si­tive se­cu­rity con­cerns of both the na­tions. To­day, in the repub­lic Nepal, we have been in­formed that ev­ery time, dur­ing the talks of the lead­ers from Nepal and In­dia, the first con­cern that has been ex­pressed by the In­dian lead­ers is the an­tiIn­dian ac­tiv­i­ties tak­ing place from the Nepali soil! If the In­di­ans re­call, un­til the di­rect rule of Monar­chy in Nepal, the Nepali soil was re­stricted from be­ing used against any of the neigh­bour­ing coun­tries. The in­sti­tu­tion of monar­chy was so sen­si­tive that even the Chi­nese con­struc­tion con­trac­tors were not al­lowed to work in the Tarai dis­tricts con­sid­er­ing the ri­valry of the two na­tions. Since monar­chy be­came pas­sive af­ter the 1990 po­lit­i­cal change, In­di­ans have started to com­plain about se­cu­rity lapses in Nepal-In­dia bor­der, ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­i­ties tak­ing place against In­dia, traf­fick­ing of fake In­dian cur­rency from Nepal, among oth­ers. Mean­while, In­dia groomed the Nepali Maoist el­e­ment at home to trou­ble Nepal. But what In­dia gained even af­ter do­ing so much against Nepal, this is the time to re­view things for the In­di­ans. If In­dia had uti­lized the covert funds spent for desta­bi­liza­tion of a small neigh­bour­ing coun­try, per­haps, In­dia's eco­nomic in­dex could be higher than what it is at present! With a great pride, Shyam Saran has ex­plained how he had acted in the regime change in Nepal in 2006. In his book, "How In­dia Sees the World: Kau­tilya to the Twenty First Cen­tury" for­mer In­dian for­eign sec­re­tary and also for­mer In­dian am­bas­sador to Nepal, Saran has claimed that he was the main char­ac­ter in re­plac­ing the In­dian stance of two pil­lar sys­tem (con­sti­tu­tional monar­chy and mul­ti­party democ­racy) by re­mov­ing the in­sti­tu­tion of con­sti­tu­tional monar­chy. In Nepal, there is one school of thought that at the time when the In­dia spon­sored ag­i­ta­tion was tak­ing mo­men­tum in Kath­mandu, Karan Singh had ar­rived here as the spe­cial en­voy of the then In­dian prime min­is­ter Man­mo­han Singh. The then ex­ter­nal af­fairs sec­re­tary Saran was also in­cluded in the team. The then King Gya­nen­dra and Karan Singh held one-on-one talks fol­lowed by a lunch at the Royal Palace. But Saran was ex­cluded at the lunch meet­ing. It is thus said that Saran had be­come fu­ri­ous as he was un­able to at­tend the lunch meet­ing, and thus, Saran had be­come a repub­li­can. The other school of though pre­dicts that dur­ing that time, the Man­mo­han Singh gov­ern­ment was strongly dom­i­nated by the In­dian com­mu­nists plus pro­fes­sor SD Muni like anti-Nepal cam­paigner. Saran, Mukhar­jee, Rae and a sec­tion of RAW of­fi­cers were closely as­so­ci­ated with the Nepali Maoists shel­tered in Delhi and thus, the In­dian bu­reau­cracy had played against the Nepali es­tab­lish­ment. On the eve of In­dian PM Naren­dra Modi's third visit to Nepal -- what Modi prefers to say his pil­grim­age to Janakpur­d­ham and Muk­ti­nath -the same gang in South Block, now for­mer In­dian diplo­mats had a trip to Muk­ti­nath but they also spent weeks in Kath­mandu. Dur­ing their stay in Kath­mandu, it is learnt that they had a meet­ing with the then Maoist chair­man Push­paka­mal Da­hal at his Khu­mal­tar res­i­dence. They had learnt to have said to Da­hal that Modi­jee may put pres­sure on him for restora­tion of Nepal as a Hindu na­tion, on which, they had ex­pected a swift re­jec­tion of this pro­posal from Da­hal. This is an in­di­ca­tion that the team of for­mer diplo­mats are act­ing against the In­dian es­tab­lish­ment as well. Be that as it may, Saran has wished to present Babu­ram Bhat­tarai as a na­tion­al­ist, whereas, he has pro­jected king Ma­hen­dra's na­tion­al­ism as anti-In­di­an­ism. So far, just re­cently, Bhat­tarai, speak­ing at a book re­lease pro­gramme, had claimed that on the eve of the pro­mul­ga­tion of the new con­sti­tu­tion, an In­dian au­thor­ity had ar­rived here and re­quested to the top lead­ers for re­mov­ing the word "sec­u­lar" from the draft of the con­sti­tu­tion. This is why Nepal had to face the block­ade later on, Bhat­tarai has claimed. On the back­ground of such ac­tiv­i­ties of Bhat­tarai, one can eas­ily guess that Bhat­tarai is serv­ing the SD Muni group and also anti-Hindu group in In­dia.

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