King Biren­dra for na­tional sovereignty, peace and de­vel­op­ment

People's Review - - COMMENTARY - PR PRAD­HAN push­para­jprad­[email protected]

The Nepali peo­ple ob­served the birth an­niver­sary of late King Biren­dra on 14 Pous (29 De­cem­ber). Nepal is repub­lic na­tion now and the gov­ern­ment doesn’t ob­serve any event re­call­ing King Biren­dra, yet, pa­tri­otic Nepali peo­ple re­mem­ber the con­tri­bu­tions made by King Biren­dra for safe­guard­ing na­tional sovereignty and mak­ing Nepal peace­ful and pros­per­ous.

Im­me­di­ately af­ter be­com­ing the King of Nepal, King Biren­dra pro­posed Nepal to be de­clared as a Zone of Peace (ZoP). This was the strat­egy for safe­guard­ing Nepal’s sovereignty as the then In­dian prime min­is­ter Indira Gandhi was con­spir­ing for an­nex­a­tion of the Nepali ter­ri­tory in the Tarai re­gion. Af­ter the an­nex­a­tion of Sikkim, Gandhi had as­signed the then RAW chief on this mis­sion. The ZoP pro­posal was rec­og­nized by 116 na­tions in the globe, ex­cept In­dia. The In­dian in­ten­tion is clear to un­der­stand. So it is not odd to know that our “rev­o­lu­tion­ary” lead­ers of the day, don’t want to lis­ten to this pro­posal, nev­er­the­less, they have played the role to re­move the ZoP pro­posal from the con­sti­tu­tion pro­mul­gated in 1990. This makes clear how far our “rev­o­lu­tion­ary” lead­ers are com­mit­ted for safe­guard­ing na­tional sovereignty and in­de­pen­dence!

The other thing to re­mem­ber King Biren­dra is that when our po­lit­i­cal lead­ers wished to re­ward mi­grated In­dian na­tion­als with Nepali ci­ti­zen­ship cer­tifi­cates, the King, although play­ing a con­sti­tu­tional king’s role, dumped the Bill on the base of the Supreme Court de­ci­sion. To please their In­dian bosses, both po­lit­i­cal par­ties in the gov­ern­ment and in op­po­si­tion had passed the Bill re­lated to amend­ment of the ci­ti­zen­ship law and had sent to the Palace for Royal as­sent. The con­sti­tu­tional monarch, who be­lieved that such an anti-na­tional de­ci­sion would bring down the Nepali com­mu­nity into mi­nor­ity in the long-run by grant­ing Nepali ci­ti­zen­ship cer­tifi­cates to the mi­grated In­dian na­tion­als it would be un­wise. It is thus spec­u­lated that this de­ci­sion could be the plot be­hind the Royal Palace blood­bath in 2001.

King Biren­dra could pro­long the party­lessPan­chayat rule for decades if he had ac­cepted the In­dian pro­posal for Nepal to remain un­der the In­dian se­cu­rity um­brella. When King Biren­dra de­nied the In­dian pro­posal, the 1989 peo­ple’s move­ment was in­ten­si­fied. The King, in­stead of sur­ren­der­ing to In­dia, wished to safe­guard na­tional sovereignty and in­de­pen­dence by com­pro­mis­ing with the then ag­i­tat­ing lead­ers.

In­dia was not happy from the per­for­mance of Nepali mon­archs – King Ma­hen­dra, King Biren­dra as well as King Gya­nen­dra. There­fore, al­ways, the Royal in­sti­tu­tion be­came a tar­get of the In­dian rulers. The In­di­ans, as well as, the Western­ers saw Nepali mon­archs as the en­emy to serve their in­ter­ests in Nepal. There­fore, fi­nally, the In­di­ans and Western­ers joined hands to abol­ish the Royal in­sti­tu­tion. In the past 13 years of ab­sence of the in­sti­tu­tion of monar­chy, all the im­por­tant or­gans needed to func­tion the coun­try have been de­stroyed. Cur­rently, the na­tion is un­der the strong grip of the for­eign pow­ers and mafias. The po­lit­i­cal sys­tem we have adopted is not for pros­per­ity of the na­tion but to de­stroy the na­tion. Elec­tions have be­come very ex­pen­sive and there is no chance to be­come a po­lit­i­cal leader for those who are hon­est. There­fore, those cor­rupt peo­ple, who can spend money in elec­tions, are elected as the peo­ple’s rep­re­sen­ta­tives and their first goal is to make money by ex­ploit­ing the gov­ern­ment funds. The present sce­nario from the fed­eral gov­ern­ment to the local bod­ies, the peo­ple’s rep­re­sen­ta­tives in­tend to mis­use of the gov­ern­ment funds ether this way or that way. Cre­at­ing em­ploy­ment op­por­tu­nity to the youths within the coun­try should be the prime goal of the gov­ern­ment but the min­is­ters are found ne­go­ti­at­ing with the for­eign coun­tries for sup­ply of local man­power to such coun­tries. They feel proud as if they have be­come suc­cess­ful to cre­ate jobs for thou­sands of peo­ple. Just re­cently, Ja­pan has de­cided to re­ceive man­power from for­eign coun­tries in­clud­ing Nepal. Our min­is­ters are claim­ing that due to their ef­forts Ja­pan has be­come ready to as­sign Nepali labour­ers towork there! Our min­is­ters are happy to claim that In­dia has de­cided to im­port elec­tric­ity pro­duced in Nepal with­out any re­stric­tion. They never think about pro­duc­ing elec­tric­ity at low cost and sup­port­ing Nepali in­dus­tries by sup­ply­ing low-priced elec­tric­ity to the local in­dus­tries. Sure, In­dia will buy elec­tric­ity at very low price as like she is im­port­ing elec­tric­ity from Bhutan. To men­tion here, the Bhutan gov­ern­ment is now re­view­ing on its elec­tric­ity tar­iff and reached to the con­clu­sion that Bhutan would have ben­e­fited a lot if the elec­tric­ity could be con­sumed by the local in­dus­tries rather than sup­ply­ing it to In­dia. Has Nepal con­ducted any such study? Sure, such low priced elec­tric­ity will be used in In­dian in­dus­tries mak­ing their prod­ucts com­pet­i­tive in the mar­ket and fi­nally, Nepal will be im­port­ing the In­dian prod­ucts for­ever!

The In­dian gov­ern­ment is pro­vid­ing sub­sidy to the farm­ers. In Nepal, our farm­ers don’t en­joy such fa­cil­i­ties but they face fer­til­izer prob­lems ev­ery time. The gov­ern­ment even can­not man­age to sup­ply fer­til­iz­ers for the farm­ers. By pro­duc­ing elec­tric­ity at very low price, Nepal could es­tab­lish its own fer­til­izer factory but the gov­ern­ment is not in­ter­ested in es­tab­lish­ing such an in­dus­try and in­stead spend­ing bil­lions of ru­pees worth for­eign cur­rency for the im­port of fer­til­izer ev­ery year, that too not in time. There­fore, Nepali agro-prod­ucts are un­able to com­pete with the In­dian gov­ern­ment sub­si­dized agro-prod­ucts in the mar­ket. This is the rea­son that Nepal from an agro-prod­ucts ex­port­ing agri­cul­tural na­tion, has be­come as an im­porter of agro-prod­ucts. Hav­ing such a vi­sion from those who are in power, Nepal can­not be­come a pros­per­ous na­tion.

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