Hydrogen-powered clean, green and efficient forklifts
ONE OF the first hydrogen- powered forklifts ever demonstrated in Australasia was showcased by Hyster at this year’s MegaTrans Expo in Melbourne last month.
The clean, green and environmentally efficient machinery offers the performance and refuelling speed of typical conventionally powered alternatives, but with the sustainability of electric motors, says the manufacturer.
The technology is aimed at companies interested in high environmental performance, coupled with the practical convenience and workplace efficiency of rapid refuelling for maximum uptime. Global early adopters of hydrogen power technology include Amazon, Wal-Mart and Coca- Cola.
Hyster-Yale Asia-Pacific Managing Director Tony Fagg says the technology has potentially very broad application to MegaTrans exhibitor companies and visitors from industries including warehousing, infrastructure, materials handling, manufacturing, food and beverage processing, frozen and fresh produce distribution and retailing and transport by sea, rail and air.
“While hydrogen power – like many new electric motive technologies – is not initially an off-the- shelf solution, Hyster will, in future years, be equipped to work individually with different companies in different industries throughout Australia and New Zealand to develop individually customised packages for them that optimise its outstanding advantages, including:
• Quick refuelling from a fuel dispenser – as quickly as three minutes, just like filling up at a petrol or diesel bowser (compared with an electric battery, which typically takes eight hours to recharge).
• No heavy batteries to load, unload or recharge – advantages that deliver safety and uptime benefits.
• No-fade electric engine performance – the amount of engine power available from hydrogen- powered electric drives is the same from the moment they are started, until they need refuelling.
• No nasty emissions for indoor or outdoor use – just a few millilitres of water collected from the fuel cell and removed as the vehicle is refuelled. “Hyster’s hydrogen- powered forklift ranges – which complement our broader globally respected materials handling technologies – are capable of utilising durable high- performance Nuvera fuel cell systems, which are fast-fuelled power options that can replace lead-acid batteries in Class I,
II, and III electric lif t trucks. The Nuvera fuel cell system is designed and built to provide customer return on investment over the lifecycle of the product,” says Fagg.
“The new hydrogen fuel cell- powered forklifts can be refuelled in as quick as three minutes, which saves significant downtime compared with batteryoperated forklifts that can take up to eight hours to recharge. This means the whole fleet can be used to its fullest potential – maximising product and operator utilisation – and provide gains in uptime and productivity.”
HOW THEY WORK
Fuel cell vehicles are fuelled by a hose from a dispenser in the same way that typical work vehicles and cars and trucks are fuelled at a petrol or diesel bowser. The hydrogen dispenser pumps hydrogen into the cell’s hydrogen storage tank. When the fuel cell is supplied with hydrogen and oxygen, it will generate electricity to power the forklift’s electric motor.
In the process of the hydrogen fuel’s conversion to electricity through a chemical reaction in the cell, electricity is produced, and this is used to power the electric motor that drives the vehicle. The process is very clean because, unlike a conventional fossil fuel engine, a fuel cell doesn’t burn the hydrogen. Instead, it’s fused chemically with oxygen producing electricity and water, which is the primary emission from the vehicle giving the vehicle clean, green credentials.
WHO WILL USE THIS TECHNOLOGY?
The sustainability delivered by Hyster’s hydrogen fuel cell- powered vehicles may be applicable to an entire range of future-focussed industries, including materials handling, manufacturing, warehousing, distribution and processing operations. It is also directly relevant to major resources companies (such as mining, oil and gas) that are seeking to reduce their operations’ environmental footprint in remote and sensitive areas, as well as environmentally aware utilities including local authorities, energy, water and waste water engineering facilities and transport and automotive service facilities where workers may be exposed to environmental and workplace OH&S hazards.
Requirements essential to the success of the use of this technology include a steady, costeffective supply of hydrogen, which can be delivered, generated on- site or employed in a fleet dispenser system.