DIFFERENT TYPES OF SEIZURES
Simple partial seizure – the person remains fully conscious and the seizure is brief. The person may experience a smell or taste, a tingling sensation or involuntary movements, a change in thinking or mood, or become pale or dizzy.
Complex partial seizure – the person’s consciousness is altered and they appear disorientated or as if they are sleepwalking, drunk or drugged. The person may stare, smack lips, pick at clothes or objects and wander about. Consciousness returns gradually and a state of confusion is likely for several minutes.
Absence seizure – this is a generalised seizure when the person has a brief loss of consciousness, usually lasting five to 10 seconds but does not fall. Recovery is immediate. A child can have hundreds of these seizures in a day.
Tonic clonic seizure – this is a generalised seizure where the person becomes unconscious and falls. The body can then stiffen or shake. A tonic clonic seizure usually last from one to five minutes with consciousness returning gradually. To assist a person having a seizure:
For a complex partial seizure – Gently guide the person from any danger and calmly reassure them – Do not attempt to restrain – Stay with the person until recovery is complete
For a tonic clonic seizure – Protect the person from injury, cushioning the head – Do not restrain – Do not put anything in the mouth – Turn the person into the recovery position as soon as the seizure is over to keep the airway clear – Reassure when consciousness returns – Call an ambulance if the seizure lasts more than five minutes or if the person is injured.