DIF­FER­ENT TYPES OF SEIZURES

Eastern Courier - - News -

Sim­ple par­tial seizure – the per­son re­mains fully con­scious and the seizure is brief. The per­son may ex­pe­ri­ence a smell or taste, a tin­gling sen­sa­tion or in­vol­un­tary move­ments, a change in think­ing or mood, or be­come pale or dizzy.

Com­plex par­tial seizure – the per­son’s con­scious­ness is al­tered and they ap­pear dis­ori­en­tated or as if they are sleep­walk­ing, drunk or drugged. The per­son may stare, smack lips, pick at clothes or ob­jects and wan­der about. Con­scious­ness re­turns grad­u­ally and a state of con­fu­sion is likely for sev­eral min­utes.

Ab­sence seizure – this is a gen­er­alised seizure when the per­son has a brief loss of con­scious­ness, usu­ally last­ing five to 10 sec­onds but does not fall. Re­cov­ery is im­me­di­ate. A child can have hun­dreds of these seizures in a day.

Tonic clonic seizure – this is a gen­er­alised seizure where the per­son be­comes un­con­scious and falls. The body can then stiffen or shake. A tonic clonic seizure usu­ally last from one to five min­utes with con­scious­ness re­turn­ing grad­u­ally. To as­sist a per­son hav­ing a seizure:

For a com­plex par­tial seizure – Gen­tly guide the per­son from any dan­ger and calmly re­as­sure them – Do not at­tempt to re­strain – Stay with the per­son un­til re­cov­ery is com­plete

For a tonic clonic seizure – Pro­tect the per­son from in­jury, cush­ion­ing the head – Do not re­strain – Do not put any­thing in the mouth – Turn the per­son into the re­cov­ery po­si­tion as soon as the seizure is over to keep the air­way clear – Re­as­sure when con­scious­ness re­turns – Call an am­bu­lance if the seizure lasts more than five min­utes or if the per­son is in­jured.

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