TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Hawke's Bay Today - - Opinion -

To­day is Satur­day, Jan­uary 12, the 12th day of 2019. There are 353 days left in the year.

To­day in His­tory:

1828: The United States and Mex­ico signed a Treaty of Lim­its defin­ing the bound­ary be­tween the two coun­tries to be the same as the one es­tab­lished by an 1819 treaty be­tween the US and Spain.

1915: The US House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives re­jected, 204-174, a pro­posed con­sti­tu­tional amend­ment to give women na­tion­wide the right to vote.

1932: Hat­tie W. Car­away be­came the first woman elected to the US Se­nate after ini­tially be­ing ap­pointed to serve out the re­main­der of the term of her late hus­band, Thad­deus.

1945: Dur­ing World War II, So­viet forces be­gan a ma­jor, suc­cess­ful of­fen­sive against the Ger­mans in Eastern Europe. Air­craft from US Task Force 38 sank about 40 Ja­panese ships off Indochina.

1948: The US Supreme Court, in Sipuel v Board of Re­gents of Uni­ver­sity of Ok­la­homa, unan­i­mously ruled that state law schools could not dis­crim­i­nate against ap­pli­cants on the ba­sis of race.

1965: The mu­sic va­ri­ety show Hul­la­baloo pre­miered on NBC-TV with host-of-the­week Jack Jones; guests in­cluded Joey Heather­ton, the New Christy Min­strels and Woody Allen.

1966: Pres­i­dent Lyn­don B. John­son said in his State of the Union ad­dress that the US mil­i­tary should stay in Viet­nam un­til Com­mu­nist ag­gres­sion there was stopped. The TV se­ries Bat­man, star­ring Adam West and Burt Ward as the Dy­namic Duo, pre­miered on ABC, air­ing twice a week on con­sec­u­tive nights.

1971: The ground­break­ing sit­u­a­tion com­edy All in the Fam­ily pre­miered on CBS tele­vi­sion.

1986: The shut­tle Columbia blasted off with a crew that in­cluded the first His­pan­icAmer­i­can in space, Dr Franklin R. ChangDiaz.

1998: Linda Tripp pro­vided In­de­pen­dent Coun­sel Ken­neth Starr’s of­fice with taped con­ver­sa­tions be­tween her­self and for­mer White House in­tern Mon­ica Lewin­sky.

2000: In a 5-4 de­ci­sion, the US Supreme Court, in Illi­nois v Ward­low, gave po­lice broad au­thor­ity to stop and ques­tion peo­ple who run at the sight of an of­fi­cer.

2006: Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turk­ish gun­man who shot Pope John Paul II in 1981, was re­leased from an Is­tan­bul prison after serv­ing more than 25 years in Italy and Turkey for the plot against the pon­tiff and the slay­ing of a Turk­ish jour­nal­ist.

Ten years ago: Se­nate Democrats an­nounced they would ac­cept for­mer Illi­nois At­tor­ney Gen­eral Roland Bur­ris as Pres­i­dent-elect Barack Obama’s Se­nate suc­ces­sor. Act­ing at Barack Obama’s be­hest, Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush agreed to ask Congress for the fi­nal $350 bil­lion in the fi­nan­cial bailout fund. In the fi­nal news con­fer­ence of his pres­i­dency, Bush vig­or­ously de­fended his record but also of­fered an ex­tra­or­di­nary list­ing of his mis­takes — in­clud­ing his op­ti­mistic Iraq speech in 2003. Rickey Hen­der­son was elected to the Base­ball Hall of Fame on the first bal­lot, and Jim Rice made it in on his 15th and fi­nal try. French movie ac­tor­writer-di­rec­tor Claude Berri died in Paris at age 74.

Five years ago: Of­fi­cials an­nounced that Iran had agreed to limit ura­nium en­rich­ment and to open its nu­clear pro­gramme to daily in­spec­tion by in­ter­na­tional ex­perts. At the Golden Globes, 12 Years a Slave won for best mo­tion pic­ture drama while Amer­i­can Hus­tle was named best mu­si­cal or com­edy. One year ago: Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump’s White House physi­cian, Dr Ronny Jack­son, de­clared him in “ex­cel­lent health” after the pres­i­dent re­ceived his first checkup at Wal­ter Reed mil­i­tary hos­pi­tal. John

Tun­ney, whose suc­cess­ful cam­paign for a Cal­i­for­nia seat in the US Se­nate was the ba­sis for the Robert Red­ford film The Can­di­date, died in Los An­ge­les 83.

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