New Zealand Logger - - Contents - Story & Pho­tos: John El­le­gard

Gis­borne-based Kuru Con­tract­ing has fi­nally con­verted its roadlining op­er­a­tion to mech­a­nised felling, opt­ing for one of the first Tim­berPro TL765C lev­el­ling har­vesters to come into New Zea­land. It’s an in­ter­est­ing ma­chine, hark­ing back to the Timbo of the 1980s and it’s no co­in­ci­dence both owe their ex­is­tence to the same man. Our Iron Test team looks at what has changed over the past 30-odd years.

Roadlining has come a long way from be­ing solely fo­cused on building tracks, land­ings and skid sites, with maybe a few trees pro­cessed along the way.

THESE DAYS ROADLINING OP­ER­A­TIONS CAN RI­VAL the out­put of the pro­duc­tion har­vest­ing crews they are prep­ping for, so long as they take the right ap­proach. For Gis­borne-based Ricky and Leanne Kuru, the decision to take their roadlining busi­ness to the next level meant a slight change of ap­proach from their tried and tested mo­tor-man­ual meth­ods, with the in­tro­duc­tion of a tree-fall­ing ma­chine.

With­out any prior ex­pe­ri­ence of mech­a­nised har­vest­ing the Ku­rus re­lied on the guid­ance of trusted sup­pli­ers to steer them in the right di­rec­tion.

In this par­tic­u­lar case, Ko­matsu For­est’s John Kosar nudged them to­wards the new tilt­ing Tim­berPro TL765C, the largest pur­pose-built har­vest­ing base in the com­pany’s sta­ble.

The big har­vester has been a long time com­ing for Ko­matsu For­est, fol­low­ing the demise of the Val­met 475FXL. Whilst the key har­vester/feller buncher mod­els have all been up­graded re­cently un­der the Ko­matsu brand, there was no sign of a 40-ton­ner mak­ing it into the new X3 range. That’s un­der­stand­able. There is a limited mar­ket for a ma­chine of this size out­side of North Amer­ica and Aus­trala­sia, so it was left to af­fil­i­ated forestry equip­ment man­u­fac­turer, Tim­berPro, to fill the niche for Ko­matsu For­est. Some six years down the track, that’s fi­nally hap­pened.

NZ Log­ger first clapped eyes on the new TL765C at the AusTim­ber 2016 show, where it made its down-un­der de­but, al­beit with red liv­ery, rather than Ko­matsu yel­low and we’ve been wait­ing ex­pec­tantly for it’s ma­chines to ar­rive on our shores.

Ricky and Leanne Kuru took de­liv­ery of one of the first two TL765C ma­chines to ar­rive in New Zea­land last year and matched it with an ap­pro­pri­ately sized im­ple­ment – a Woods­man Pro FH1350 felling head. Hav­ing set­tled into its work over the past six months, it’s time to sad­dle up and head to Gis­borne to sam­ple the new Tim­berPro.

This is the third Kuru ma­chine NZ Log­ger has Iron Tested over the past decade and as Sam Keefe and I pull into To­laga Bay, where their op­er­a­tion is based, among the first peo­ple we meet is smil­ing fam­ily pa­tri­arch, Jack, who is among the wel­com­ing crew for another big dozer that is join­ing their road building en­ter­prise. But it’s the wrong type of ma­chine and colour for us to­day. We want to see red. Lit­er­ally.

First, a chat with Ricky over cof­fee to ex­plore the rea­sons for the Tim­berPro turn­ing up in his op­er­a­tion.

The pur­chase was prompted by a dec­la­ra­tion from for­est owner, Hiku­rangi For­est Farms, that all crews in its es­tate needed to be­come fully mech­a­nised for safety rea­sons.

Ricky’s crew was one of the last mo­tor man­ual teams work­ing in the HFF forests and he freely ad­mits: “I was dead against mech­a­ni­sa­tion, for the pure fact that I prided my­self on be­ing the best at work­ing with chain­saws.”

He pauses for a while, be­fore adding: “And then I seen the light.”

When the laugh­ter dies away, Ricky says the HFF edict wasn’t un­ex­pected but “it brought it home to me and I thought, oh well, bet­ter go grab a pro­ces­sor”.

It had to be a full-size pro­ces­sor/har­vester, be­cause the wood in these parts is big. We’re talk­ing an av­er­age piece size of three tonnes. What are they feed­ing them up here!

These days con­trac­tors can have their pick from a wide range of ma­chines to tackle this sort of work and Ricky agrees that he was spoiled for choice, adding: “There’s a lot of equip­ment out there but I’ve only ever bought Volvos, Ko­mat­sus and Cats. They’re all up there and I generally go with the sales­man to be hon­est.”

That’s only partly true. Ricky then pro­ceeds to tell us why he likes the TL765C and what it has go­ing for it that oth­ers don’t. He’s done his home­work. The fi­nal choice came down to a ma­chine that suited where his crew is work­ing, as much as a decision made for per­sonal rea­sons.

The rea­sons all make good sense.

“This ma­chine is spec’d up way bet­ter than the rest of them,” Ricky goes on. “This one has a self-lev­el­ling but­ton, which saves a lot of muck­ing around. Longer track frame. Ev­ery­thing seems to be big­ger than ev­ery­one else. Mo­tor size and other stuff. We’ve got some big wood up there so it needs to be able to cope with that.”

And go­ing for the FH1350 felling head in­stead of a har­vest­ing/ pro­cess­ing head was another good decision, he adds.

“We did look at putting a har­vest­ing head on it, but in my opin­ion they just can’t han­dle them,” says Ricky. “It’s too steep, too heavy – you could prob­a­bly do it for a bit, but over­all there’s just too much weight, un­til they bring out a head that’s light enough to do that job.”

All the trees are cut into 17.5 me­tre lengths (or close to it) and trans­ported out as stems to the HFF Op­tilog pro­cess­ing yard south of Gis­borne, so there’s no need for pro­cess­ing in the for­est any­way.

Sounds like all sweet­ness and light, then.

Not ex­actly. Days af­ter the new Tim­berPro ar­rived to work in the Hu­runui For­est, with Ricky him­self at the con­trols, he was be­gin­ning to think he had made the wrong decision.

“I wasn’t happy – I wanted to give it back,” says Ricky. “I learned a huge les­son. The is­sue was me. I rang Jonny Ed­wards (ex-Woods­man who now lives in Gis­borne) and said ‘bro can you get your arse over here’ and he turned up and away he went. Made me look like a dick.

“I’m just a dig­ger man, eh. He said this is a pur­pose-built ma­chine for one job and that’s felling trees. And he was so right. Within a week I cracked it and I thought ‘I ain’t giv­ing this thing back, it’s mean’. I just didn’t know what I was do­ing be­fore. Bent one bar, snapped a cou­ple of chains. Made a mess of the trees.

“I reckon if you are a tree faller it helps heaps, know­ing what’s go­ing on. I didn’t know about two cut­ting, I was try­ing to cut the trees with one cut. They’re big trees and you have to put two cuts in them.”

Ricky spent the first six weeks on the Tim­berPro and even­tu­ally handed the keys over to full-time op­er­a­tor, Johnny Hutchins, who has just turned up and is ready to take us into Hu­runui For­est, about 20 min­utes in­land, to where he is work­ing with Log 2.

Johnny started his forestry ca­reer as a skiddy and man­ual faller with the Kuru team 20 years ago and he’s been op­er­at­ing pro­ces­sors and stan­dard base fall­ing ma­chines more re­cently. Just the sort of back­ground needed to op­er­ate a fall­ing ma­chine on steep land.

In­ter­est­ingly, Johnny has been con­tem­plat­ing pur­chas­ing his own har­vester with a view to do­ing con­tract fall­ing and the TL765C was one of the ma­chines in his sights. But when he saw on so­cial me­dia Ricky and Leanne had just pur­chased this one, he rang up on the off-chance they might need an op­er­a­tor. Ricky couldn’t va­cate the hot seat soon enough and re­turn to run­ning the busi­ness, wel­com­ing Johnny back to the fold.

So, here we are, in a block of stand­ing trees in the mid­dle of Hu­runui with the big red Tim­berPro cleaned up and ready to rock and roll. We’re a short dis­tance from where the rest of Log 2 is work­ing, led by Ricky and Leanne’s daugh­ter, Jas­mine (Jaz).

Even stand­ing still, the TL765C is an im­pres­sive piece of kit.

And if you think it has a fa­mil­iar look about it, you’re right. This ma­chine traces its his­tory right back to the very first tilt­ing har­vester built back in 1979 un­der the red Tim­bco brand by leg­endary Amer­i­can bush­man, Pat Craw­ford.

He sold Tim­bco to Val­met in 2000, which re­branded the mod­els be­fore be­ing pur­chased it­self by Ko­matsu in 2004. And then he started up another forestry equip­ment busi­ness, Tim­berPro, to carry on mak­ing the unique re­volv­ing cab for­warders be­fore ven­tur­ing back into pro­duc­ing tracked feller bunch­ers and har­vesters again.

Ef­fec­tively, the TL765C brings us back full cir­cle and there’s ob­vi­ously still good chem­istry be­tween the Craw­ford fam­ily and Ko­matsu For­est to en­able this ma­chine to be in­cluded un­der the larger com­pany’s um­brella in far-flung mar­kets like New Zea­land.

Walk­ing around the ma­chine it’s like Pat Craw­ford went back and had a good look at the 475FXL, then de­cided to up­date the big fella, even down to us­ing the lat­est ver­sion of the 9-litre Cum­mins QSLO.9 en­gine that fea­tured in the 475FXL we Iron Tested in 2009. Ex­cept that he’s put the boom on the right-hand side, rather than on the left, where it was po­si­tioned a decade ago.

It still has a few of the old Craw­ford touches, like the tool­box built into the base, ex­cept that the 2018 ver­sion is more com­pact.

That’s be­cause the TL675C now has the fuel tank and hy­draulic fluid tank si­t­u­ated in the base as well. Why? Be­cause it keeps weight down low, bring­ing the cen­tre of grav­ity closer to the ground, which makes it feel much more sta­ble.

On the 475FXL, the fuel tank was hung on the rear of the tail to act as a coun­ter­weight, but Craw­ford and his Tim­berPro en­gi­neer­ing team fig­ure it’s bet­ter to put that weight in the base. The penalty is that the new ma­chine’s fuel ca­pac­ity is 946 litres, com­pared to 1,362 litres in the 475FXL. Still big, and enough for Johnny to work for a cou­ple of days with­out re­fu­elling (av­er­ag­ing about 29lph), thanks to the use of im­proved technology that we’ll talk about shortly.

Whilst scru­ti­n­is­ing the base, we give the lev­el­ling sys­tem the once-over, al­though it’s hard to see it in de­tail with most of the mech­a­nism hid­den from view. But the set-up is sim­i­lar to mod­ern­day lev­el­ling systems used by lead­ing man­u­fac­tur­ers, al­though they vary in how much they tilt in each di­rec­tion.

Ide­ally, you want max­i­mum tilt in front when cut­ting a tree fac­ing up a steep slope, but it’s still handy to have some tilt rear and side­ways.

On the TL765C, it can tilt 22-degrees for­ward and 8-degrees back, but there’s a very good 20-de­gree tilt side-to-side. That’s not just an improvement over the old 475FXL, it also scores well against the com­pe­ti­tion, pro­vid­ing the Ko­matsu with the best side­ways tilt of all, whilst keeping in the mid­dle of the pack with for­ward and rear tilt. Adding to its sta­bil­ity is the 4.9-me­tre long and 3.4-me­tre wide Cater­pil­lar 330 track frame that de­liv­ers a large, steady foot­print.

A good all-rounder, you’d say, but it’s how this ma­chine makes the most of its lev­el­ling prow­ess that counts. Again, we’ll get to that soon.

Be­fore it heads into the cut-over, we climb around the en­gine bay and also check out the cab.

En­try to the cab is via a side door, so quite a steep climb up. Once in­side, the well-ap­pointed cab feels light, airy and the air­sus­pended seat is comfy. Lots of vi­sion ahead and through the side screens thanks to Mar­guard mak­ing bars re­dun­dant. The Sure Grip con­trols at the end of each arm­rest are well po­si­tioned and there are two screens on the right-hand pil­lar (a 10” one for the ma­chine and a smaller one on top for the felling head). The big screen can be tuned in to the rear-fac­ing camera that gives the op­er­a­tor another set of eyes when swing­ing around tight­ly­packed trees. Sam ex­plains more about the con­trols in his Iron Test col­umn on page 32.

As with the old 475FX, the bon­net opens up like a clamshell and there’s great ac­cess around the Cum­mins for tech­ni­cians to work on, even with the large can­is­ter feed­ing the stan­dard Fire Sup­pres­sion Sys­tem sit­ting in front of the auto re­vers­ing cool­ing fan. Fil­ters are right at the front of the en­gine, so no hav­ing to per­form ac­ro­bat­ics to change them.

Many con­trac­tors will be fa­mil­iar with the QSL9, which has pow­ered a range of ma­chines over the years. The ver­sion in the TL765C is rated at 255kW (342hp) and also pro­duces a healthy 1,424Nm of torque, so there’s no short­age of power.

While those out­puts are iden­ti­cal to the old 475FXL, there’s new man­age­ment soft­ware to im­prove the power de­liv­ery and

econ­omy, as well as mak­ing the en­gine smoother. And to make full use of ev­ery avail­able kilo­Watt and New­ton me­tre, the Tim­berPro team has equipped the TL765C with a ver­i­ta­ble swag of pumps and tech stuff that add real mus­cle, in­clud­ing ded­i­cated swing and im­ple­ment pumps.

More in­ter­est­ingly, is the fit­ment of an en­ergy re­cov­ery sys­tem, sim­i­lar to that used by Tiger­cat, which re­cov­ers en­ergy as the boom and arm are ac­ti­vated to re-use when slew­ing or lift­ing. This sys­tem works like an ac­cu­mu­la­tor, stor­ing power and then mak­ing it avail­able to help boost per­for­mance and re­duce the ef­fort required by the en­gine, thus low­er­ing fuel con­sump­tion. We’ll see how that does its job soon.

Down on the ground, Johnny goes through his morn­ing greas­ing for­mal­ity, made eas­ier with the pow­ered grease pump fit­ted af­ter the ma­chine ar­rived.

This pro­vides an op­por­tu­nity to talk to Johnny about his back­ground and how he is en­joy­ing the new Tim­berPro.

“It’s my first lev­eller and it took a cou­ple of weeks to get used to it, but I wouldn’t go back to a stan­dard base now, even though the last two I had were beau­ti­fully set up,” he tells us.

“Yes, I felt very com­fort­able in those, be­ing lower to the ground. Now I’ve op­er­ated a lev­el­ling ma­chine I can ap­pre­ci­ate the com­fort it pro­vides when you go on steeper slopes. Mind you, some­times when you’re on a steep sec­tion at full tilt and you look back you think s__t, did I just climb up here? I’ve said that a few times.”

As well as fall­ing with ma­chines, Johnny has worked on pro­ces­sors on the skid more re­cently and he says this cre­ated some is­sues when he ar­rived at Log 2 to jump on the TH765C.

“When you come off a pro­ces­sor the mind­set is a bit dif­fer­ent,” he says.

“Be­cause I had spent so long on pro­ces­sors we had to set this ma­chine up to make the tran­si­tion a lot eas­ier. With help from Jonny Ed­wards I man­aged to get it with the right set­tings to suit me. Gone are the days when you hop out of a ma­chine and had to do the valves. It’s all touch screen these days – di­als on this and di­als on that. I didn’t have to change much, mostly the op­er­a­tion of the felling head to suit the way I like it, slower to start off with. As I’ve got used to it I’ve started to make other changes, not just to suit my­self but to suit the stand as well.”

Not all the changes could be made on the screen, how­ever. The ground in this for­est be­comes very puggy in wet weather and the stan­dard size sin­gle grousers eas­ily filled up with mud. They’ve been ex­tended and are now dou­ble the length, around 110mm, which is the max­i­mum they can go with­out interfering with the tilt (or void­ing the drive mo­tor war­ranty). Johnny says they make a world of dif­fer­ence when the heav­ens open.

Ko­matsu also up­dated the ma­chine re­cently with dif­fer­ent cogs for the trans­mis­sion (or the “funk box” as Johnny refers to it) ac­com­pa­nied by soft­ware changes to the en­gine.

“That’s given us more power – an ex­tra 200rpm, so it peaks at 2,000rpm, in­stead of 1,800rpm,” adds Johnny. “You no­tice and hear the dif­fer­ence, but it doesn’t use that much more fuel.

“As I’ve got used to the ma­chine, I’ve been able to work it a bit

more eco­nom­i­cally. I usu­ally run it on half rab­bit. You re­ally don’t need any more than that.”

Johnny reck­ons he’s at the stage where he fully un­der­stands the TL765C and now he is work­ing on how to max­imise that po­ten­tial in the stands by vary­ing the set­tings of the ma­chine.

“If you go into a smaller stand and you don’t need all that power in the lift rams or in the dip­per arm you can ei­ther dial it down or di­vert it to some­where else,” he says.

“The good thing is you can keep it all nice and smooth with­out any jerk­i­ness. And that’s what you want on the hill­side – a jerky ma­chine feels un­com­fort­able.”

So, how com­fort­able is it, we ask? “Pretty com­fort­able, al­though the seat belt is not my choice – I’d pre­fer a proper 4-point har­ness be­cause it holds you bet­ter.”

And we have to ask about quiet­ness – Cum­mins have a rep­u­ta­tion for be­ing noisy. “I don’t have the ra­dio go­ing as I like to lis­ten to the ma­chine and what it is do­ing. The en­gine is a bit nois­ier than some, but it’s not over-pow­er­ing other noises. I can still hear the pitch of the saw, which I’m mainly lis­ten­ing out for.”

Johnny likes the en­ergy re­cov­ery sys­tem and reck­ons he can tell the dif­fer­ence when it kicks in, adding: “It never feels like it is bog­ging down. When you are deal­ing with these big trees that ex­tra bit of slew and lift from the sys­tem is good – you don’t want it to bog down at a critical time.”

Greas­ing chores over, we dis­cuss where to start the Iron Test and Johnny points to a stand of trees on a slope to the right of

the track head­ing into the for­est, in the di­rec­tion of where we can hear the man­ual faller work­ing an area deemed too dif­fi­cult for the Tim­berPro. It must be bloody steep cos Johnny reck­ons he can han­dle most slopes in this for­est.

Climb­ing into the cab he fires up the Cum­mins and it doesn’t sound any­where near as noisy as I had ex­pected, due to bet­ter sound in­su­la­tion and a newer technology ex­haust.

Drop­ping off the road­side, the long track frame does its job steady­ing the TL765C as Johnny keeps his finger on the auto lev­el­ling but­ton – an ex­cel­lent fea­ture that au­to­mat­i­cally tilts the ma­chine to a more level po­si­tion, so long as you keep press­ing on that but­ton. Johnny told us that it can be a lit­tle slow, but he does have the op­tion of man­u­ally ad­just­ing the lev­el­ling, which ap­pears to work more quickly.

The first trees Johnny lines up to demon­strate his tech­nique, and the ma­chine’s felling prow­ess, are not par­tic­u­larly large, around 1-to-1.5 piece size, but we have spied some big­ger ones on the other side of the track that we’ll test the Tim­berPro on later.

With a short­ish boom and arm, only ex­tend­ing out to 7.2 me­tres at full stretch, the TL765C needs to be brought in closer to the trunk to set it up to man­age the tree’s fall. Some com­peti­tors have a longer reach, which makes for bet­ter shov­el­ling, but if it’s

too long it can be a hand­i­cap. Tim­berPro thinks this one is long enough and Johnny agrees – shov­el­ling is just as much about tech­nique as it is about reach and af­ter bring­ing down the first few trees he shows us what he means, with fast hands and fast han­dling. It does help that he’s got more than 125,000Nm of torque driv­ing the slew pump, with the en­ergy re­cov­ery sys­tem adding more oomph. And with those ex­tra long track frames, plus the hy­draulic power, the TL765C can also lift an im­pres­sive 6,804kg at max­i­mum reach. Per­fect for a re­ally big stem.

The Woods­man Pro FH1350 felling head is a pretty good match to the TL765C, hav­ing a fast saw, wide open­ings to ac­com­mo­date these big bug­gers, full 360-de­gree ro­ta­tion and good arms, with in­di­vid­ual clamps that put a firm grip on the stems. Not light­ning-fast, but fast enough. And it is built to stand up to the pun­ish­ment dealt out by big trees.

What does im­press, is how Johnny has full con­trol over the di­rec­tion of felling and that means he can guide the trees down to the pre­ferred land­ing place to re­duce break­ages.

Demo over, Johnny brings the Tim­berPro back onto the track for

Sam to try his hand at fall­ing, some­thing he hasn’t done for a while, as he’s been sat in a pro­ces­sor this past year. No won­der he is feel­ing a lit­tle anx­ious and hangs onto Johnny’s ev­ery word dur­ing the brief­ing.

Sam set off at a de­lib­er­at­ing slow pace to the stand on the op­po­site side of the track to fall some of the big­ger trees. He seems to be hav­ing is­sues with keeping the cab on a level plane and later tells us he’d for­got­ten about keeping his finger on the auto but­ton. He ended up us­ing the man­ual ad­just­ment.

As Sam lines up his first tree, I ask Johnny about the best way to ap­proach it with this ma­chine and he says: “When bring­ing down trees you get into a habit of tim­ing the fall of the tree and you let go slightly with the clamps so that it’s not vi­brat­ing too much.”

Sam is mak­ing two cuts in each of the trees he brings down, but Johnny says his own ex­pe­ri­ence has taught him which ones re­quire a sin­gle cut and which of the big­ger ones need two cuts.

With Sam still tak­ing his time on each tree, not want­ing to make a mis­take that will dam­age Ricky and Leanne’s new pride and joy, Johnny asks me if I have used a drone in the for­est yet. They’ve re­cently ac­quired one and he uses it to mark out bound­aries to download into the TL765C’s com­puter and help plan the way he’ll tackle the har­vest­ing. NZ Log­ger has re­cently pur­chased one, but we’ve yet to use it in anger un­til I get my UAV pi­lot’s li­cence.

So Johnny grabs the lit­tle white drone from the back of his ute, in­serts his phone into the com­mand mod­ule and sends the multi-ro­tor ma­chine into the air above the TL765C. There we ob­serve Sam from above and get in closer to the ac­tion than would other­wise be pos­si­ble. Some of that footage can be viewed on the NZ Log­ger web­site and Face­book page.

Sam fi­nally feels he has enough ex­pe­ri­ence at the con­trols to call it a day and emerges from the cab with a big grin on his face – a grin that matches the one we saw on Ricky’s face ear­lier, when he told us the Tim­berPro TL765C is help­ing Log 2 achieve an in­cred­i­ble 25 loads a day. And do­ing it more safely.


Right: Great un­clut­tered view of the out­side world with­out bars in the way, thanks to the Mar­guard – note the smaller dis­play screen for the felling head, sit­ting above the main dis­play. Be­low: Neatly laid-out hy­draulics and elec­tri­cal sys­tem are...

Top: Clamshell bon­net opens up to pro­vide good ac­cess for daily checks and main­te­nance. Above: The base of the TL765C has a hid­den com­part­ment for stor­ing tools, chains and bars, but it now has to share space with the tanks for the fuel and...

Top left: Johnny Hutchins started out with Kuru Con­tract­ing years ago and has re­turned to op­er­ate the new Tim­berPro. Top: right: Johnny Hutchins has a hy­draulic grease gun to help with the daily greas­ing chores.

The short boom and arm means our Iron Tester, Sam Keefe, needs to get in close to fall these trees.

Top: The Woods­man Pro FH1350 felling head has good saw speed and plenty of ca­pac­ity in the arms for the large Gis­borne trees. Be­low: Big high and wide un­der­car­riage sit­ting on those ex­tended grousers. Bot­tom: Plenty of sta­bil­ity from the long Cat 330...

Be­low: The arms on the Woods­man Pro felling head open wide enough to en­able a pair of large stems like these to be grap­pled in one go.

With plenty of weight in the base, the 38.5-tonne Tim­berPro al­ways has fall­ing trees well un­der con­trol.

The Tim­berPro TL765C pro­vides Ko­matsu For­est with a very ef­fec­tive lev­el­ling har­vester at the top end of the range.

The new Tim­berPro TL765C, fit­ted with a Woods­man Pro FH1350 that is now har­vest­ing trees for the Kuru Con­tract­ing roadlining op­er­a­tion near Gis­borne.

Above: Fil­ters are eas­ily ac­cessed at the front of the QSL9, with the Fire Sup­pres­sion Sys­tem cylin­der tucked to the right. Be­low: The lev­el­ling base can tilt 22 degrees for­ward and, hand­ily, 20 degrees from side-to-side, keeping the op­er­a­tor on a more...

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